ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RATIONAL USE OF NATURAL RESOURCES AS A PRIORITY OF SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIA

The article considers the problem of building a green economy and sustainable development through efficiency and conservation.
Analysis of data on the state of the natural environment shows that in the Russian Federation in recent decades, a trend of deterioration in the quality of the natural environment. This occurs regardless of whether undertaken by state environmental agencies, community and business efforts. The Russian economy has long functioned in terms of making the most economic decisions while ignoring generally accepted in other countries environmental requirements. If in the near future will not be accepted strategic decisions on the adjustment of the rate of economic development, Russia will face a number of economic, social and environmental challenges that will become a serious obstacle to the successful development of the economy and society.
The main directions of the effective implementation of the principles of “green economy” and economic measures to improve energy and environmental efficiency, energy saving best available techniques on the basis of existing and new economic and legal instruments are presents. Assumptions about the possibility of introducing a risk management technogenic accidents in the energy sector, based on quantitative risk assessment are nominated.
The work also given attention to the formation of an effective system of financial and legal levers, allowing to develop an economic base, to improve living standards, to solve social problems and to improve the ecological situation in the region.

Keywords

Greening of economy, the transition to green growth, sustainable development of Russian regions, energy efficiency, environmental management, environmental risk, environmental insurance.

Issue number: 9
Year: 2016
ISBN:
UDK: 332.87+ 338.121
DOI:
Authors: Krutova L. S.

About authors: Krutova L.S., Project Manager in the Field of Business Education, Moscow Technological Institute, 119334, Moscow, Russia.

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