effectiveness of technology processing of mineral raw materials, an increasing the complexity of its use in the conditions of environmental protection as the increases continuously needs of industry in the non-ferrous, rare, precious and ferrous metals and deteriorating the quality of extracted ores, harshly to acute the environmental situation.
The paper presents results physicochemical studies of flotation sulfide minerals of nonferrous metals as sphalerite, minerals group fahl ores – tennantite and the most common in Urals and Altai Mountains ore deposits of iron sulfide – pyrite.
In the studies used ionic sulfhydryl collectors – butyl xanthate (But Kx), diisobutyl dithiophosphate (DTP), low polar sulfhydryl collectors izoprotil O-N-thionocarbamates (ITC), Aero 5100 Aero 9863 (Cytec, USA). The author’s represented studies result of floatability studies of sulfides by nonfrothing flotation, kinetics of collector’s adsorption on minerals in a thermostatic cell.
The effect of material composition, the original surface oxidation of sulfides, pH of the liquid phase, and the compositions of sulfhydryl collectors of different molecular structure and regulatory of liquid phase in floatability of sulfides non-ferrous metals and pyrite are shown. The studies of constants rate of adsorption ButKx on samples tennantite treatment with NaOH and without it allowed to define the apparent energy activated adsorption of ButKx on sulfide in different conditions.
Consequently, the apparent energy activated adsorption of ButKx (Eads = 4.67 and 15 kJ / mol) on tennantite points to physical form of the sorption collector. The authors represented the study’s results of transmission electron microscopy which allowed to makes clear a character skin ButKx on the surface of tennantite in different flotation regimes. Also identified the specific surface of sulphide minerals by adsorption of nitrogen in low-temperature on equipment Nova and shown abnormally high specific surface of tennantite equal to 10,122 m2/g as other sulphides specific surface not more than 1 m2/g.

The work is executed at financial support of the Russian Research Foundation (project no. 14-17-00393). In studies took part Aksenova D.D., Milovich F.O.


Flotation, adsorption, sulfhydryl collectors, sulfide, xanthate, constant rate of adsorption, tennantite.

Issue number: 11
Year: 2016
UDK: 622.765
Authors: Kayumov A. A. Ignatkina V. A., Bocharov V. A.

About authors: Kayumov A.A., Graduate Student, e-mail:, Ignatkina V.A., Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, e-mail:, Bocharov V.A., Doctor of Technical Science, Professor, e-mail:, Aksenova D.D., Engineer, Center Resource-Saving Technologies and Mineral Raw Materials, e-mail:, Milovich F.O., Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Engineer, e-mail:, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.

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