IMPACT OF OBJECTS OF CIVIL AVIATION ON THE ENVIRONMENT ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT «SHERE-METYEVO»

In work the analysis of impact of the civil aviation on the surrounding environment made on the example of objects of JSC International Airport Sheremetyevo is carried out. The main sources of pollution of elements of the biosphere are revealed. The average amount of the main pollutants arriving to the controlled area of the airport per day is established. It is noted that This quantity of hazardous substances in case of adverse weather conditions can lead to considerable excess of threshold limit values of above-mentioned pollutants in the working area of the airport. Calculation of emission of carbon dioxide is carried out by air vehicles of the airport which constituted 0,59% of annual amount of emissions of greenhouse gases of the civil aviation of the Russian Federation. Sources of physical impact of the civil aviation on the environment and the population are given. The analysis of impact of the researched objects on the hydrosphere is made. The composition of production wastes and consumption of the airport is researched. The nature protection actions allowing to reduce impact of objects of the airport by biosphere elements are considered.

Keywords

The civil aviation, impact on the surrounding environment, pollution sources, physical pollution, nature protection actions, the register of ecological aspects, waste of the entity.

Issue number: 5
Year: 2017
ISBN:
UDK: 629.735: 504
DOI:
Authors: Korobova O. S., Filippova D. V.

About authors: Korobova O.S., Doctor of Economical Sciences, Professor, Filippova D.V., Magister, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 113093, Moscow, Russia.

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