CURRENT ISSUES OF LIQUID HYDROCARBON TRANSPORTATION FROM THEIR ACCUMULATIONS ON THE ARCTIC SHELF OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Production of fluid hydrocarbons on the Arctic Shelf is increasing every year, which calls for the heightened attention to be paid to their transportation. The shelf geography makes pipeline transportation of oil complicated, inefficient and expensive; therefore, tankage is preferred in the Arctic region. Marine freight of hydrocarbons is to ensure safety of cargo and to avoid accidents which can result in the loss of a ship, fatal mishap or contamination of the environment which is extremely delicate in the Arctic. This article addresses the issues of liquid hydrocarbon transportation from reservoirs on the Arctic Shelf of the Russian Federation. The major problems connected with the safety of polar cruise are identified and systematized. The current methods to ensure safety of navigation in the Arctic region are reviewed, the potential of enhancement of economic efficiency of the Arctic deposits is analyzed, and the proposals are made towards higher safety of polar cruise and enhanced economic efficiency of liquid hydrocarbon reservoirs on the Arctic Shelf. The urgency of an automated system for optimal ship routing in ice-covered areas based on the ice forecast maps is substantiated.

Keywords

Arctic, shelf, transport optimization, ice navigation, petroleum transportation, navigation safety, economic efficiency, automated systems, electronic map-making.

Issue number: 5
Year: 2018
ISBN:
UDK: 622.1:656.614.34:656.614.35
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-5-0-158-164
Authors: Kubrin S. S., Reshetnyak S. N., Aleshin A. A.

About authors: Kubrin S.S. (1), Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Laboratory, Reshetnyak S.N. (1), Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor, Mining Institute, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia, Senior Researcher, e-mail: reshetniak@inbox.ru, Aleshin A.A., Graduate Student, Moscow State Academy of Water Transport, 117105, Moscow, Russia, 1 Institute of Problems of Comprehensive Exploitation of Mineral Resources of Russian Academy of Sciences, 111020, Moscow, Russia.

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