The integrated use of coal is the most important direction of increasing production efficiency, which expands raw material supply, increases production range, enhances profitability of coal mining and processing, reduces harmful emissions into the atmosphere and diminishes areas occupied by coal processing waste. Coals contain considerable group of trace elements at concentrations significantly higher than their average content in the crust and sedimentary rocks. This circumstance is governed by the fact that the geochemical environment in coal-bearing strata is favorable for the accumulation of trace elements as compared the average background of the earth’s crust. Trace elements are characterized by uneven distribution in coals not only per various deposits but even within a seam of a deposit, which is typical of coal deposits in Transbaikalia. In Transbaikalia, coal is the primary source of power production without any alternative in the future. In addition, brown coals of Transbaikalia are characterized by very high and high contents of germanium and other rare and trace elements. This article discusses in detail Pogranichnoe brown coal deposit as an integrated development project in the main areas of coal use: power production and industry. The preliminary estimate of germanium, gallium and beryllium distribution in coal seams is given.

Acknowledgements: The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Grant No. 18-05-00397.

For citation: Sidorova G. P., Yakimov A. A., Ovcharenko N. V., Pozdnyakov P. Yu. Integrated development prospects for Pogranichnoe brown coal deposit in TransbaikaliaGornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten'. 2019;3:36-42. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-03-0-36-42.


Multiple coal use, ash, geochemical environment, germanium, gallium, beryllium, coal seam, probable reserves.

Issue number: 3
Year: 2019
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 662.33;553
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-03-0-36-42
Authors: Sidorova G. P., Yakimov A. A., Ovcharenko N. V., Pozdnyakov P. Yu.

About authors: G.P. Sidorova (1), Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, e-mail:, A.A. Yakimov (1), Candidate of Technical Sciences, Assistant Professor, e-mail:, N.V. Ovcharenko (1), Graduate Student, e-mail:, P.Yu. Pozdnyakov, Director, LLC «Kutinsky opencast mine», 674650, Krasnokamensk, Russia, e-mail:, 1) Transbaikal State University, 6720300, Chita, Russia, Corresponding author: G.P. Sidorova, e-mail:


1. Yudovich Ya. E., Ketris M. P. Toksichnye elementy-primesi v iskopaemykh uglyakh [Toxic impurity elements in fossil coal], Ekaterinburg, Izd-vo UrO RAN, 2005, 655 p.

2. Yudovich Ya. E., Ketris M. P., Merts A. V. Elementy-primesi v iskopaemykh uglyakh [Impurity elements in fossil coal], Leningrad, Nauka, 1985, 238 p.

3. Yurovskiy A. V. Mineral'nye komponenty tverdykh iskopaemykh [Mineral components in solid fossil fuels], Moscow, Nedra, 1968, 214 p.

4. Shpirt M. Ya., Kler V. R., Pertsikov I. Z. Neorganicheskie komponenty tverdykh topliv [Inorganic components in solid fuels], Moscow, Khimiya, 1990, 239 p.

5. Shpirt M. Ya. Bezotkhodnaya tekhnologiya, Utilizatsiya otkhodov dobychi i pererabotki tverdykh goryuchikh iskopaemykh. Pod red. B. I. Laskorina [Wasteless technology. Solid fossil fuel extraction and processing waste reclamation. Laskorin B. I. (Ed.)], Moscow, Nedra, 1986, 158 p.

6. Zharov Yu. N. Minor elements in solid caustobioliths. Rossiyskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal. 1994, no 5, pp. 12—19. [In Russ].

7. Metallogeniya i geokhimiya uglenosnykh i slantsesoderzhazhikh tolshch SSSR. Geokhimiya elementov [Metallogeny and geochemistry of coal-bearing and shale-containing strata in the USSR. Geochemistry of elements], Moscow, Nauka, 1987, 239 p.

8. Bragg L. J., Oman J. K., Tewalt S. J., Oman C. L., Rega N. H., Washington P. M., Finkelman R. B. Baza dannykh po kachestvu uglya (COALQUAL), versiya 2.0. U.S. Geol. Obzor otkrytogo fayla otcheta 97—134 (Coal quality (COALQUAL) database, version 2.0. U.S. Geol. Open-File Report 97—134 review), 1998.

9. Kozhukhovskiy I. S., Tselykovskiy Yu. K. Coal-fired thermal power stations free from ash damps: Reality and prospects. Energetik. 2011, no 6, pp. 20—23. [In Russ].

10. Sidorova G. P., Krylov D. A. Radioaktivnost' ugley i zoloshlakovykh otkhodov ugol'nykh elektrostantsiy. Monografiya [Radioactivity of coal, ash and slag at coal-fired power stations. Monograph], Chita, ZabGU, 2016, 237 p.

11. Shpirt M. Ya., Volodarskiy I. Kh., Zekel' L. A. Behavioral regularities of minor elements during coal conversion. Rossiyskiy khimicheskiy zhurnal. 1994, no 5, pp. 12—19. [In Russ].

12. Krylov D. A., Sidorova G. P. Ways to mitigate ecological impact of coal-fired thermal power stations in Russia. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2015, no 11, pp. 277—285. [In Russ].

13. Avdeev P. B., Kuzhikov A. A., Kuklina G. L. Prospects for the use of germanium-bearing coal from the Tarbagatay lignite field in Transbaikalia. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2015, no 5, pp. 26—31. [In Russ].

Mining World Russia
Subscribe for our dispatch