Dumping problems in open pit coal mining are discussed. The dump stability factors are analyzed, and Kuzbass dumps are characterized in general. It is shown that dumps are man-made bodies of large area, height and capacity. The investigations into engineering geology and hydrogeology of dumps, dumping technologies and monitoring are reviewed. It is found that strength and filtration characteristics of dumped rocks change with increasing height of dumps due to higher dispersiveness of rocks with disintegration of debris. Higher dispersiveness results in reduced volume of pore space and lower permeability of rocks and, as a consequence, in formation of a water-bearing bed in a dump. The water-bearing beds are typically present in dumps higher than 100 m in mining coal deposits adjacent to the Kolchugino group, or when clayey overburden and hard rock debris from both Kolchugino and Balakhon groups are dumped jointly. Hydrodynamic processes have considerable effect on the slope stability of dumps. The proposed methodology of dump safety monitoring includes surveying and hydrological instrumental observations, hydro-geomechanical calculations and numerical modeling of stresses and strains in rocks. Safety monitoring is carried out based on the preliminary substantiated criteria. The automatic safety monitoring system is based on water pressure measurements in dumps.

For citation: Kutepov Yu. I., Kutepova N. A., Vasil'eva А. D. Обоснование устойчивости внешних отвалов Кузбасса и мониторинг их состоянияGornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten'. 2019;4:109-120. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-04-0-109-120.


Tailings ponds, reclamation, ecological potential, carbon budget, accumulated ecological damage, ecological rehabilitation, mining waste, environmental protection.

Issue number: 4
Year: 2019
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.221.451.2 (57)
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-04-0-109-120
Authors: Kutepov Yu. ., Kutepova N. A., Vasil'eva А. D.

About authors: Yu.I. Kutepov (1), Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor, Head of Laboratory N.A. Kutepova (1), Doctor of Technical Sciences, Chief Researcher, А.D. Vasil'eva (1), Engineer, 1) Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia Corresponding author: А.D. Vasil'eva, e-mail: koutepovy@mail.ru.


1. Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, available at: minenergo.gov.ru/node/433.

2. Bondarik G. K., Yarg L. A. Природно-технические системы и их мониторинг. Inzhenernaya geologiya. 1990, no 5, pp. 3—9. [In Russ].

3. Dowd R. M. Groundwater monitoring. Environ. Sei. and Technol, 1985. Vol. 19, no 6, р. 485.

4. Gal'perin A. M., Ferster V., Shef Yh. Tekhnogennye massivy i okhrana okruzhayushchey sredy [Техногенные массивы и охрана окружающей среды], Moscow, Izd-vo MGGU, 1997, 534 p.

5. Galperin A. M., Koutepov J. J., Moseykin V. V. Engineering — Geological provision of dumping massives development at mining enterprises of the Kuznetsk Coal Basin (Russia). 8. Freiberger Geotechnik-Kolloquium, TU Freiberg, 2015, pp. 183—191.

6. Gal'perin A. M., Kutepov Yu. I., Krupoderov V. S. Engineering and geological support for the formation and subsequent use of dumping massifs in mining enterprises. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2015, no 1, pp. 20—35. [In Russ].

7. Grin A. M., Mukhina L. I. Printsipy i metody geosistemnogo monitoringa [Principles and methods of geosystem monitoring], Moscow, Nauka, 1989, 126 p.

8. Haiepaska J. С. A manager's' monitoring model. Ground Water Monitor. Rev., 1983, Vol. 3, no 1, р. 57.

9. Izrael' Yu. A. Global Observing System. Forecast and assessment of the natural environment. Basics of monitoring. Meteorologiya i gidrologiya. 1974, no 7, pp. 3—8.

10. Korolev V. A. Monitoring geologicheskoy sredy: Uchebnik. Pod red. V.T. Trofimova [Monitoring of the geological environment: Textbook. Trofimov V.T. (Ed.)], Moscow, Izd-vo MGU, 1995, 272 p.

11. Kotlov F. V. Izmenenie geologicheskoy sredy pod vliyaniem deyatel'nosti cheloveka [Change in the geological environment under the influence of human activity], Moscow, Nedra, 1978, 263 p.

12. Pevzner M. E., Malyshev A. A., Mel'kov A. D., Ushan' V. P. Gornoe delo i okhrana okruzhayushchey sredy: uchebnik dlya vuzov [Mining and environmental protection: Textbook for high schools], Moscow, MGTU, 2001, 300 p.

13. Kutepov Yu. I., Kutepova N. A., Karasev M. A., Vasileva A. D., Kutepov Yu.Yu. Hydrogeo-mechanical processes in development of spoil dumps and hydraulic fills. In V. Litvinenko (ed.) 
Eurock2018: Geomechanics and geodynamics of rock masses. Proceedings of the 2018 European rock mechanics symposium, 2018, pp. 1645—1652.

14. Kutepov Yu. I., Vasil'eva A. D. Engineering-geological conditions of external heaping on sections of Kuzbass. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2017, no 10, pp. 122—131. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2017-10-0-122-131. [In Russ].

15. Latkovich V. J. et al. Groundwater monitoring system. Proc. and Inf. Comm. Hydrol. Res. TNO, 1983, no 31, рр. 538—545.

16. Korobanova T. N. Dangerous geodynamic processes accompanying dump’s formation. Applied and Fundamental Studies: Proceedings of the 8th International Academic Conference. St. Louis: Science and Innovation Center Publishing House, 2015. pp. 84—90.

17. Sergina E. V. Principles of the organization and conduct of monitoring of the PTS safety in the opencast coal mining in the Kedrovsky section, Kuzbass. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2013, no 9, pp. 409—412. [In Russ].

18. Koutepov J. J., Vasileva A. D. Die Untesuchungen von der technogenen verkippten Gesteine Scherparametern im Kohlenbergbauhalden. Scientific Reports on Resource Issues 2016. Vol. 1: Efficiency and Sustainabitity in the Mineral Industry — Innovations in Geology, Mining, Processing, Economics, Safety and Enviromental Management (issue 1). TU Freiberg: 2016.

19. Pravila obespecheniya ustoychivosti otkosov na ugol'nykh razrezakh [Rules for ensuring the stability of slopes on coal mines], Saint-Petersburg, VNIMI, 1998, 208 p. [In Russ].

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.