RECLAMATION OF TAILINGS STORAGE SURFACE AT A CLOSED MINE IN THE PRIMORSKY KRAI BY BIO REMEDIATION

Mineral mining in the Fare East Federal District of Russia in the last century has resulted in large-scale disturbance of lands withdrawn from the forest resources and in huge accumulation of tailings. Extensive anthropogenic attack on the eco-sphere governs the stressful ecological situation in the study area in the vicinity of mines. Tailings storages containing large quantities of toxic waste are out of control. Located nearby residential areas, the tailings storages affect the health and environment. In connection with this, the research was aimed at development of reclamation approaches to the tailings storage at the closed mine of Khrustalny Mining and Processing Plant using biological systems (bio remediation) targeted at ecological safety of toxic waste and at improvement of the environmental conditions. To this effect, the objectives formulated include: 1. Analysis and generalization of the existing experience in recovery of land productivity at the tailings storages in Russia and abroad; 2. Estimation of anthropogenic impact on the eco-sphere; 3. Recommendations on reduction of aggravating toxic effect of waste on the environment. The revealed features of the anthropogenic pollution of the environment are the extremely high contents of toxic compounds of heavy metals (Zn, Pb, Cu, Ni, Cr, Co, Hg) and arsenic. The experimental research proves efficiency of using potential of biological systems in reclamation of surface of tailings ponds containing toxic processing waste. The novelty of the proposed methods is proved by patents of the Russian Federation.


Acknowledgements: The study was supported y the Russian Science Foundation, Project No. 1517-10016, and by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Project No. 18-35-00260.


For citation: Krupskaya L. T., Golubev D. A., Rastanina N. K., Filatova M. Yu. Reclamation of tailings storage surface at a closed mine in the Primorsky Krai by bio remediation. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(9):138-148. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-09-0-138-148.

Keywords

Tailings storage, reclamation, bio remediation, closed mine, anthropogenic pollution, heavy metals, mining waste, biological system potential.

Issue number: 9
Year: 2019
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.235.3
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-09-0-138-148
Authors: Krupskaya L.T., Golubev D. A., Rastanina N. K., Filatova M. Yu.

About authors: L.T. Krupskaya (1,2) — Dr. Sci. (Biol.), Professor, Honored Ecologist of Russia, Chief Researcher, e-mail: ecologiya2010@yandex.ru, D.A. Golubev (1,2) — Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Lecturer, Senior Researcher, N.K. Rastanina (1) — Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assistant Professor, M.Yu. Filatova (1,2) — Graduate Student, Junior Researcher, 1) Pacific National University, 680035, Khabarovsk, Russia, 2) Far East Forestry Research Institute, 680020, Khabarovsk, Russia. Corresponding author: L.T. Krupskaya, e-mail: ecologiya2010@yandex.ru.

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