As mining depth grows, the temperature of enclosing rocks increases and the influence of anthropogenic thermal sources on formation of adverse microclimate in mines intensifies. The air temperature in underground working areas exceeds the allowable standard value of + 26°С. As a result, normal sanitary–hygienic labor conditions by the thermal environment criterion become problematic. High air temperature in mines leads to attention deterioration, higher fatigability and, thus, increased occupational traumatism of miners. It is particularly important to evaluate real health status in the heating microclimate. Furthermore, it is required to develop an algorithm of validation of preventive measures to minimize aggravating effect of the mentioned industrial factor in combination with considerable physical load. To this end, it is necessary to accomplish detailed assessment of the thermal environment of mine with a view to determining actual microclimate parameters and workloads. Then, personnel examination should be carried out with measurement of parameters which adequately characterize body thermal status and physiological stress. Later on, the calculations should be performed with interpretation of the obtained results and substantiation of list of engineering controls and hygienic measures aimed at normalization of the thermal environment. The present article authors have developed a model–circuit including all basic stages of investigation.


For citation: Liskova M. Yu., Vishnevskaya N. L., Plakhova L. V. Effect of microclimate on personnel in deep-level excavations of potash mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(9):219-230. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-09-0-219-230.


Mine, underground excavations, microclimate, air temperature, thermal stress, miner body, industrial factor, mining operations.

Issue number: 9
Year: 2019
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.363.2: [622.8+622.4]
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-09-0-219-230
Authors: Liskova M. Yu., Vishnevskaya N. L., Plakhova L. V.

About authors: M.Yu. Liskova, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: liskova.rpb@gmail.com, N.L. Vishnevskaya, Dr. Sci. (Med.), Professor, L.V. Plakhova, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Assistant Professor, Perm National Research Polytechnic University, 614990, Perm, Russia. Corresponding author: M.Yu. Liskova, e-mail: liskova.rpb@gmail.com.


1.        Solov'ev V. A., Sekuntsov A. I. Razrabotka kaliynykh mestorozhdeniy: praktikum [Development of potash fields: practical work], Perm, Izd-vo Perm. nats. issled. politekhn.un-ta, 2013, 265 p.


2.        Zaytsev A. V., Kazakov B. P., Grishin E. L. Development complex sitsy normalization of microclimatic conditions in excavations of the deep horizons. Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, posvyashchennoy 25-letiyu gornogo instituta UrO RAN i 75-letiyu osnovatelya i pervogo direktora instituta gl.-korr. RAN A.E. Krasnoshteyna. Perm, 2014. [In Russ].


3.        Federal'nye normy i pravila «Pravila bezopasnosti pri vedenii gornykh rabot i pererabotke tverdykh poleznykh iskopaemykh», utverzhdennye prikazom Rostekhnadzora № 599 ot 11.12.2013 [Safety Rules when Conducting Mining Operations and Processing Solid Minerals, federal norms and the rules. Approved by the order of Rostekhnadzor No. 599 of 11.12.2013].


4.        Dudar' O. I., Mokhirev N. N., Postnikova M. Yu., Khasanshin R. R. Air conditioning on again designed potash mine of the Gremyachinsky field. Rudnik budushchego. 2010, no 3. [In Russ].


5.        Zemskov A. N., Liskova M. Yu., Smirnova E. V. Analysis of working conditions of miners and action for normalization of dust and gas composition of the atmosphere of mines and mines. Izvestiya Tul'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle. 2017, no 2, pp. 58—68. [In Russ].


6.  Fedorovich G. V. A hard work in the heating environment. Bezopasnost' i okhrana truda.


2017, no 2(71), pp. 54—61. [In Russ].


7.        Gigienicheskie trebovaniya k mikroklimatu proizvodstvennykh pomeshcheniy. SanPiN [Hygienic requirements to a microclimate of production rooms. Sanitary rules and regulations].


8.        Chebotarev A. G., Afanas'eva R. F. Fiziologo-gigiyenichesky assessment of a microclimate in workplaces in mines and pits and measures of prevention of its adverse effect. Gornaya promyshlennost'. 2012, no 6 (106), pp. 34—40. [In Russ].


9.        Losik T. K., Afanas'eva R. F., Konstantinov E. I. Fiziologo-gigiyenichesky assessment of a thermal condition of the military personnel performing continuous physical activity in the heating microclimate. Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya. 2015;(10):41—45. [In Russ].


10.     Afanas'eva R. F., Bessonova N. A., Burmistrova O. V., Burmistrov V. M., Losik T. K.Production microclimate. Results and prospects of researches. Meditsina truda i promyshlennaya ekologiya. 2013, no 6, pp. 30—35. [In Russ].


11.     Schulte P. A., Chun H. Climate change and occupational safety and health: establishing a preliminary framework. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene (AIHA &ACGIH) 2009. Vol. 6(9), pp. 542—554.


12.     Parsons K. C. Human thermal environments: the effects of hot, moderate, and cold environments on human health, comfort, and performance. 2nd ed. London; New York: Taylor and Francis, 2003. 560 p.


13.     Tipton M., Pandolf K., Sawka M., Werner J., Taylor N. Physiological adaptation to hot and cold environments. In: Taylor N, Groeller H, eds. Physiological bases of human performance during work and exercise. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2008. 608 p.


14.  Tanaka M. Heat stress standard for hot work environments in Japan. Industrial Health


(National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Japan). 2007. Vol. 45(1), pp. 85—90.


15.     Obshchie sanitarno-gigienicheskie trebovaniya k vozdukhu rabochey zony. GOST 12.1.005-88.SSBT [General sanitary hygienic requirements to air of the work area. State Standart12.1.005-88.SSBT.


16.     Otsenka teplovogo sostoyaniya cheloveka s tsel'yu obosnovaniya gigienicheskikh trebovaniy k mikroklimatu rabochikh mest i meram profilaktiki okhlazhdeniya i peregrevaniya. MUK


4.3.1895-04 [Assessment of a thermal condition of the person for the purpose of justification of hygienic requirements to a microclimate of jobs and measures of prevention of cooling and overheating. Torments 4.3.1895-04].


17.     Sredstva zashchity rabotayushchikh. Obshchie trebovaniya i klassifikatsiya. GOST 12.4.011-89 [Means of protection of working. General requirements and classification. State Standart 12.4.011-89].


18.     Otsenka teplovogo sostoyaniya cheloveka s tsel'yu obosnovaniya gigienicheskikh trebovaniy k mikroklimatu rabochikh mest i meram profilaktiki okhlazhdeniya i peregrevaniya. MUK 4.3.1895-04 [Assessment of a thermal condition of the person for the purpose of justification of hygienic requirements to a microclimate of jobs and meramprofilaktik of cooling and overheating. Torments 4.3.1895-04].


19.     Postanovlenie Pravitel'stvo RF ot 3 marta 2010 g, no 118 «Ob utverzhdenii Polozheniya o podgotovke, soglasovanii i utverzhdenii tekhnicheskikh proektov razrabotki mestorozhdeniy poleznykh iskopaemykh i inoy proektnoy dokumentatsii na vypolnenie rabot, svyazannykh s pol'zovaniem uchastkami nedr, po vidam poleznykh iskopaemykh i vidam pol'zovaniya nedrami (s izmeneniyami na 26 aprelya 2019 goda)» [The resolution the Government of the Russian Federation of March 3, 2010 No. 118 «About the adoption of the Provision on preparation, coordination and the approval of engineering designs of development of the mineral deposits and other project documentation on performance of work connected with use of subsoil plots by types of minerals and types of use of natural resources (with changes for April 26, 2019)»].


20.     Smirnov Yu. M. Upravlenie teplovymi rezhimami tupikovykh vyrabotok glubokikh rudnikov Noril'ska [Management of the thermal modes of deadlock developments of deep mines of Norilsk], Candidate’s thesis. Saint-Petersburg, 1998, 189 p.


21.     Opredelenie indeksa teplovoy nagruzki sredy. Usloviya truda. https://www.eksis.ru/technical-support/theory-and-practice/heat-load-of-environment.php.


22.     Vatanpour S. Can public health risk assessment using risk matrices be misleading? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2015. no 12. Pp. 9575—9588. DOI:10.3390/ijerph1208009575.


23.     Sorensen G., Nagler E. M., Pawar P. et al. Lost in translation: The challenge of adapting integrated approaches for worker health and safety for lowand middle-income countries. Plos One, 2017, vol. 12, no. 8. Paper No.: e0182607.


24.     Zamigulov E. A. Increase in effective management of working conditions at the mountain enterprises. Okhrana i ekonomika truda. 2015, no 2(19), pp. 23. [In Russ].

Subscribe for our dispatch