P. 5EREMENKO V.A.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ON ROCKBURST-HAZARDOUS UNDERGROUND MINING IN GORNAYA SHORIA
evaluate the stress-strain state of rock mass in underground
development of ore deposits of parts of the new algorithm for search
boundaries to detect boundary of a deformable wells that meet three
criteria: good detection, good localization and single response to a
single border. This algorithm allows to determine in situ the parameters
of the deformation wells and calculate the relative deformation of hard
rocks, as well as to determine the direction of action of maximal
well, the rock mass, the deformation, the algorithm for finding boundaries of a deformable well, gradient.
P. 10KRUPNIK L.А., SHAPOSHNIK YU.N., SHAPOSHNIK S.N.
THE DEVELOPOMENT OF BACKFILLING TECHNOLOGY IN TERMS OF TELLUR MINE, AKMOLA GOLD
article describes geology and ore reserves as well as the opening
scheme and the selection of mining method of gold ore in Tellur deposit.
Descending horizontal slicing with solidifying backfilling has been
established. Basic parameters of the mining method were calculated. The
design values of allowable exposed spans of concrete backfill at
different layer thickness and strength of backfill have been given for
descending horizontal slicing. The production technology of backfill
mixture includes milling method, fly ash-cement binder, a crushed rock
as filling material, and backfill flow by gravity via pipelines.
Backfill mixture formulation has been defined. The required standard
strength of filling mass horizontally and vertically has been calculated
for descending horizontal slicing. On the basis of laboratory tests,
the strength of filling mass versus the amount of cement in backfill
mixture has been plotted. The strength properties of filling mass at
different formulations of backfill mixtures have been presented. The
equipment for mineral filler milling has been presented. The parameters
of the backfill flow pipeline have been calculated.
backfill mixture preparation plant, solidifying backfill mixture, strength of filling mass.
P. 17MASLENNIKOV S.A.
OPTIMIZATION OF PARAMETERS OF CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY SHAFTS
article presents the results of the analysis duration sinking cycle in
the extended part of the sinking of vertical shafts. Currently loading
and delivery are carried out mainly without the changing of buckets ,
the use of entry loader, hoppet capacity, limited winders. With
increasing depth of over 1–1.2 km, this approach leads to a significant
increase in the duration of construction sinking cycle. Loading and
delivery of the breed is a lengthy process, taking up to 50% the length
of penetration, with a single cycle is issued to 100 or more hoppet. In
this regard, improvement of the loading and egress can significantly
increase the rock penetration rate, and hence is promising. During the
construction of the skip shaft mine "Mir" the authors conducted
chronometer observation, data were obtained on the driving cycle in
1118, and 1270 cycles of lifting hoppet. Based on the analysis and
statistical processing of measurements proposed for determining the
length depending on the loading bucket, the necessity of differential
calculation, depending on the qualifications of drifters. The obtained
results allow us to improve the technology of construction barrels and
increase the speed of their construction.
shaft, mining enterprise, hoppet, mining, rock loading, raising.
P. 24CHESKIDOV V.V.
ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ZONING OF THE PROJECTED SOUTH-WESTERN OVERBURDEN DUMP OF «STOILENSKY GOK»
to insufficient capacity of the existing dump arrays by the project of
development of mining operations till 2030 year within the land
allotment LLC «Stoylenskiy GOK» envisages the formation of a new
«South-west» dump. Based on the analysis of natural and man-made
environment are made the following conclusions: Engineering-geological
conditions of formation of dump mound are complex, because of the
developed of gullies relief; Deformation processes in the construction
of dump are most likely in quaternary clay sediments, which have the
lowest mechanical properties; Complex of conducted field and laboratory
work makes it possible to determine the physical and mechanical
properties of the sediments in sufficient volume and a permissible
error, allowing to make high-quality engineering and geological zoning.
view of the data field (using the integrated sensing device MGGU) and
laboratory (on an automated triaxial SPM-2) tests of mining rock
foundation of the projected dump there are identified characteristics of
resistance of shift and made valuation of bearing ability of Rdop of
different parts of the territory of the moldboard. Also reviewed basic
principles and criteria for delineating areas with similar geotechnical
conditions and the sequences of dump operations.
pit mining, dumping operation, man-made massif, geological engineering
searching, probing, physical and mechanical properties, bearing
P. 32SHPAKOV P.S., YUNAKOV YU.L., SHPAKOVA M.V., CHUMLIAKOV V.А.
INFLUENCE ON STABILITY FRACTURED PIT AND ITS VARIABILITY IN SIZE AND DEPTH ON GOREVSKY FIELD
engineering-geological survey of fracture of various origins on the 3rd
ledges of pilot career, set the orientation of fracture systems
concerning Bench and the characteristic of the intensity of fracturing.
Processed results documentation of underground mine workings and
analysis of cores of exploratory wells. To estimate the orientation of
fracture systems in deep horizons field used the results
telefonokarotazha wells and measurements made by us throughout the
north-eastern side of the quarry, 23 metering stations. For all horizons
obtained generalize the lattice fracture. The quarry has been divided
into separate sections: the north- eastern flank, south- eastern flank,
southwest and northwest flanks. Within each species the difference
between the cracks were classified by genesis: tectonic, stratification
and crack isolation. Numerical values of strike azimuth and dip angles.
There is a variety of systems individually characterizing blocking
array. The intensity of fracturing in the host rock ( siderite,
dolomite, shale) and ores is much higher than in the primary rocks,
represented by lime-stones; fragmentation of ore-bearing rocks in the
footwall of the Main ore body is significantly higher than in the
hanging, due to being in close proximity to a major tectonic
disturbance, strike and dip of which is close to the elements of
occurrence of the ore body ; occurrence of tectonic elements as well as
cracks layering set in limestone, typical for the host rock. These
findings are consistent with the results of the study of fracture
career. Within career (depth of 200–300 m) and below (below 300 m), the
intensity variation of fracture depth not found for individual species
differences and the array as a whole The greatest convergence in wells,
open and underground mines found along fractures layering.
stability, shooting, crack, lattice fracture strike azimuth angle zeal, intense fracturing, tectonic disturbance.
P. 41SHTIRTS V.A., KOLTYSHEV V.N.
DEVELOPMENT BLOCKS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF AFTERSHOCKS AFTER MASSIVE EXPLOSIONS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE TASHTAGOL DEPOSIT
process of improvement of blocks and the distribution of aftershocks
after massive explosions. The nature of distribution of shocks at
various mass explosives and seismic energy.
Key words: tremors, mine, ore, massive explosions, voltage, block array.
ENRICHMENT OF MINERALS
P. 47GOLBERG G.YU., LAVRINENKO A.A.
FORMATION, EXISTENCE AND BREAKUP OF FLOCCULATION STRUCTURES
WORK PRESENTS THE RESULTS OF INVESTIGATION OF THE STRUCTURES FORMED BY
FLOCCULATION OF FINE COAL PREPARATION PRODUCTS SUSPENSIONS.
of flocculation structures formation was carried out on the base of the
extended DLVO theory with taking into account the amount of polymer
macromolecules on one particle of known diameter. It was shown that the
particles of the solid phase with diameter more than 1 μm are
flocculated by ortokinetic way for a few seconds and submicron particles
are flocculated on perikinetic way for 400–600 seconds. On the base of
the theory of fluids flow in capillary-porous media it has been
developed and experimentally validated a model describing the kinetics
of flocs mechanical syneresis. It was shown the possibility of reducing
of the water content of coal froth flotation concentrate cake by
mechanical syneresis and, accordingly, cost decrease of concentrate
thermal drying. Theoretical analysis of flocculation structures strength
for maximum shear strain state, allowed to calculate the maximum shear
yield stress depending on the diameter of the particles and the
flocculant dosage. Rheological study on coal froth flotation concentrate
showed that the nature of these suspensions without flocculants are
close to Newtonian plastically fluids, and using flocculants are
pseudoplastic properties. Experimentally obtained values of shear yield
stress for coal froth flotation concentrate not contrary with
theoretically calculated one. Also the approach for evaluating the
effectiveness of suspensions flocculation conditioning based on
experimental determination of filtration and structural-mechanical
properties of filter cakes was proposed. The obtained results allow to
predict the performance and speed of the belts. To perform the necessary
calculations in this work was the interrelation between hydrostatic
pressure and drainage time was established.
flocculation, suspension, floc structure formation, mechanical syneresis
of flocs, floc structure breakup, water content, shear yield stress.
S.P., OSTAPENKO S.P., SKOROKHODOV V.F., NIKITIN R.M. STUDY OF SORPTION
CHARACTERISTICS OF SOLID PHASE THICKENER OVERFLOW IN APATITE PROCESSING
The studies have been performed of disperse and mineral
composition of thickener overflow samples from iron ore concentration
tailings and thickener overflows of apatite concentrate from
apatite-baddeleyite concentration plant of «Kovdorsky GOK» JSC in order
to work out recommendations for modification of raw material preparation
regime for its further processing.
hickener overflows, sorption characteristics, desliming, collectors.
P. 60OPALEV A.S., BIRUKOV V.V., SCHERBAKOV A.V.
OBTAINING OF THE MAGNETITE CONCENTRATE DURING THE DEVELOPMENT OF POWER
RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGY OF BENEFICATION OF FERRUGINOUS QUARTZITES ON
The ways to improve of energy resource efficiency of
technological flowsheets of ferruginous quartzites benefication are
examined on example of DPP of JSC «Olcon». Using magnetic-gravity
separation are proposed for produce the final magnetite concentrates at
every stage of benefication, the results of technological research on
stadial obtaining of commercial products with the content of Fetotal
65.7–70.0% are presented.
magnetite concentrate, stadial obtaining, energy resource efficiency,
magnetic-gravity separation and technological research.
P. 63SKOROKHODOV V.F., NIKITIN R.M., STEPANNIKOVA A.S., YAKUSHKIN V.P.
INITIALIZATION OF CLOSE-CUT SEPARATION FRACTIONS IN MODELING EXERCISE ON HETEROGENEOUS FLOTATION SYSTEM
method has been proposed of initialization of narrow separation
fractions while a computing experiment with a heterogenic flotation
system model. The method allows determining integral values of
components properties in a solid phase of flotation feeding. The values
are interpreted as single-valued conditions for the mathematical
flotation model. The method takes into account distribution of mineral
particles by grading, mineral composition, degree of useful mineral
liberation in intergrowth pieces, content of useful component, and
assessment of surface energy of mineral and polymineral particles.
approaches of step-by-step checking of the method’s algorithm
implementation have been considered based on possible estimations of
solid phase density and content of useful component. The method provides
obtaining results on mathematical modeling of flotation process in the
terms of content and recovery of useful component and verification of
the mathematical model and technological flowsheet of actual production
or laboratory testing. The method has been approved multiply at
different experiments performed in the Mining Institute KSC RAS with
using the ANSYS Fluent software.
separation fraction, mathematical model, computing test, computing
hydrodynamics, multivelocity multi-phased continuum, surface energy of
mineral and polymineral particles.
P. 74BOLOBOV V.I., BOCHKOV V.S., CHUPIN S.A., STEPANOV S.YU.
DEPENDENCE OF THE ABRASIVE PROPERTIES OF ROCKS FROM THEIR FORTRESSES
article describes the apatite-nepheline ores with varying strength. All
these ores also have a different mineral composition, the individual
elements of which differ in terms of hardness on the Mohs scale. The
samples were tested 110G13L made of steel, as the most frequent material
quickly wear parts of mining equipment. Fortress impact on the wear
rate of ore samples is considered. Fortress is not a defining indicator
of intensity of wear of metal pieces of equipment used in the mining
industry was established.
apatite, nepheline, fortress rock, steel 110G13L, wear rate, abrasiveness of rocks.
P. 80VERKHOTUROV A.G.
INFLUENCE OF CRYOLITOZONE DEGRADATION ON THE COMPLEXITY OF GEOLOGICAL
CONDITIONS OF NON-FERROUS AND RARE METALS OF TRANSBAIKALIE
causes of changes in geotechnical and hydrogeological conditions in the
southern cryolitozone at the stages of prospecting, exploration and
exploitation of mineral deposits are presented. Permafrost degradation
in Transbaikalie causes the development of dangerous exogenous processes
that have a negative impact on mining. Negative environmental impacts
associated with water production in mining are marked with conservation
or completion of deposits operation. Key words:
cryolitozone, degradation, temperature, rock, deposit, geotechnical conditions, groundwater.
P. 88MOSEYKIN V.V., MUSAEV N.M.
CLUSTERING OF PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SAW LIMESTONE QUARRY PERVOMAISKY
analysis of physical and mechanical properties of limestone
Pershamajski career in Derbent allocated two classes. For the
independent parameters of units produced standardization of data of
physical and mechanical tests of limestone. Clusters of bulk density,
water absorption, tensile strength displayed on the graphic projections
of pit wells. The complex nature of the distribution of clusters in the
thick limestone requires the creation of conditional block model of the
deposit of saw limestone for its effective development.
cluster analysis, inhomogeneity, bulk density, water absorption, ultimate strength, standardization, dendrogram.
P. 93YANCHENKO G.А.
INDICATORS OF CONTENT OF ICE AND WATER UNFROZEN IN THE FROZEN ROCKS AND SOILS
a brief analysis of the available technical literature on indicators of
content-ice and unfrozen water in the frozen rocks and soils showed
that no single approach to well-established terms and definitions of
these indicators. This creates certain difficulties in reading the
relevant technical literature and obtained by the use of this
information in practice. Indicators and their terms must clearly specify
what constitutes a particular figure, the principle of its definition
and measurement units respectively. It is shown that the most rational
content of all indicators of ice and unfrozen water in the frozen rocks
and soils to determine their state of the frozen and dry. It is possible
to form a unified approach to the methods of determining how well-known
figures, and first proposed by the author, and articulate their terms.
soil, total moisture, the total moisture content, interaction,
ldisitost, ldosoderzhanie, ldonasyschenie, content were unfrozen water.
MINING CARS, THE EQUIPMENT AND TRANSPORT
P. 102BUSYGIN A.M.
KINEMATIC ANALYSIS OF MECHANISM OF SHOVEL CRAWLER ARM WITH THREE DEGREES OF FREEDOM USING ANALYTICAL METHOD
the article the method of conducting the kinematic analysis of the
mechanism stick crawler excavator with three degrees of freedom in an
kinematic analysis, crawler excavator, movement of the handle.
P. 107MALAFEEV S.I., TIKHONOV YU.V.
INTELLECTUALIZATION OF A CAREER EXCAVATOR
article presents the results of analytical research and applications of
modern automation systems for new generation mining shovels through the
use of information technologies and methods of intelligent control.
mechatronics, control, monitoring, diagnostics, intelligent excavator.
P. 116MULUHOV K.K., BESLEKOEVA Z.N.
INCREASE OF THE RELIABILITY OF THE DESIGN OF STEEPLY ANGLE ELEVATING BELT-WHEELED CONVEYOR FOR HANDLING BULK LUMPY MINING LOADS
the previous construction of the steeply inclined belt-car conveyor
clamping of the layer of load by side belt sections was performed
directly by the pressing levers. In that case the contact between levers
and belt occurs in one or two points because of indeterminate surface
of the load layer. It’s difficult to keep the overlapping connection of
the belt side sections especially under atmospheric precipitations, when
the coefficient of friction between levers and belt is decreasing. In
the suggested construction clamping of the load layer is performed by
straps connected to the ends of levers and regulators with spiral
springs attached to the moving supports. The principle of action of the
straps with regulators is similar to the automobile safety belts. The
conveyor has the high level of construction continuity and sufficiently
increase the reliability due to the exclusion of accidents caused by
falling out of lumps of load.
conveyor, deep quarry, steeply inclined conveyor, pressing lever strap,
regulator, spiral spring, overlapping connection.
P. 123FOMIN K.V., ZHIGUL’SKAYA A.I.
DEFINITION OF THE SPECTRAL DENSITY OF THE MOMENT ON THE WORKING BODY OF
THE MACHINE DEEP MILLING IN THE PREPARATION OF PEAT DEPOSITS
In the article the expressions, allowing at the
design stage to determine the spectral density of the loading moment on
the working body of the machine deep milling in the preparation of peat
deposits to the operation considering the modes of operation, design
cutters and root system with exponential distribution of distances
between the roots. The information obtained serves as the starting
material for the calculation of probabilistic characteristics of dynamic
loads in the drive elements of milling aggregate.
machine deep milling, mathematical model, spectral density, loading moment, dynamic load.
P. 127SHARIPOV V.M., GORYUNOV S.V.
THE PREDICTION OF DURABILITY OF THE PNEUMATIC TIRE DUMP TRUCKS
possibility of predicting the durability of the pneumatic tire dump
trucks for tread wear using the power approach for real operating
pneumatic tires, durability, resource, quarry dump, functional model.
P. 131SHIGIN A.O.
ROLLING CUTTER BIT LIFE GAIN IN COMPLEX STRUCTURE ROCK MASSES
drilling in complex structure rock masses characterized by fluctuating
properties of rocks, high impact stresses are generated on drill tools.
The problem of weakening of rolling cutter bits has engineering and
technological solutions that allow essential gain in the rolling cutter
rolling cutter bit, life, improvement methods, rock mass, structure, impact stress, electromagnetic pulse.
BUILDING OF UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTIONS AND MINES
P. 137KULICKOV YU.N.
THE DEFINITION OF EXTERNAL LOADS SEAL ON CONCRETE MIX WHEN LAYING INTO THE SECONDARY LINING OF THE UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTIONS
article presents the methodology of the study of the character of
formation of physical-mechanical properties of secondary lining of
underground structures on the basis of the lay-outs of sensors with
their acoustic survey. The conclusion: there is the influence of the
configuration of the cross-section of secondary concrete lining of
underground constructions on the character transfer the load of the
upper layers on the bottom.
secondary lining of
underground works, water-cement ratio, numerical experiment, water,
lining, casing, the laying of concrete mixture.
PHYSICOTECHNICAL CONTROL OF PROCESSES MOUNTAIN MANUFACTURE
P. 143NIKOLENKO P.V., KORMNOV A.A.
STRESS STATE MONITORING OF ROCK MASS USING ACOUSTIC EMISSION EFFECTS IN ANISOTROPIC COMOSITE MATERIALS
of using acoustic emission memory effect in anisotropic composite
materials for evaluation of stress-strain state of rock mass is shown.
The analysis of laboratory research results of common and specially
synthesized materials is performed. It was found that the angle between
direction of uniaxial compression application and direction of
lamination (elastic inclusion plane for synthesized material) in
composites has a significant impact on the behavior of acoustic emission
during the first loading cycle, and manifestation of acoustic emission
memory effect. Thus the lowest values of the acoustic emission activity
are when such angle is 90° in the first loading cycle. When studying
memory effect it is manifested most clearly at an angle of 0° for
synthetic materials with elastic inclusion and 45° for layered
composites. A method that allows continuous monitoring of maximum
principal stress orientation acting in the area of excavation is
offered. Also a method for determining direction and magnitude of
increments of the maximum principal stress, based on memory effects in
some anisotropic composite materials is provided
stress-strain state, geocontrol, acoustic emission, composite materials, anisotropy, memory effects, defects.
P. 148SULTANALIEVA R.M.
DETERMINATION OF THE SPECIFIC ENERGY INTENSITY AND OPTIMUM TEMPERATURE OF THE STRONG ORES AFTER INFLUENCE OF MICROWAVES
effectively reduce the energy intensity of softening and crushing hard
ore, are most perspective methods, based on the effects of
electromagnetic waves (UHF) range. The results of investigations of
temperature changes of ores on the duration of exposure to microwaves.
Is substantiated formula for determining the characteristic temperature
at which the realized effective grinding of ores and minerals.
ore; mineral; temperature; microwave; heat capacity. energy intensity, grinding.
P. 153TAZHIBAEV K.T., SULTANALIEVA R.M.,TAZHIBAEV D.K.
POLARISATION-ACOUSTIC METHOD OF DEFINITION OF THE RESIDUAL AND ACTING STRESSES OF ROCKS
law of change of a relative rate of speed of passage of the ultrasonic
polarized shift wave from change of mechanical stress in firm materials
is installed. The law consists that change of mechanical stress in firm
materials, including in rocks, leads proportional, depending on
magnitude of the installed new characteristic of a firm material – the
wave module of stress – K, to change of a relative rate of speed of
passage of an ultrasonic shift polarized wave in a direction
perpendicular to a direction of act of stress. Change of a relative rate
of speed of passage of the ultrasonic polarized shift wave, with the
vector of polarization coinciding with a direction of stress, is caused
by that stress excursion in a direction perpendicular to a direction of
passage of an ultrasonic shift polarized wave calls material
deformation. The formulas are gained, allowing to define a sign and
magnitude acting and residual stresses in firm materials in certain
directions for certain baseline of measurement (Law of Kushbakali). On
the basis of the installed Law of change of a relative rate of speed of
passage of the ultrasonic polarised shift wave from change of mechanical
stress the method of definition of the residual and acting stresses in
rocks is developed. Instances of definition acting and residual stresses
rock, acting stress, deformation,
polarized shift wave, residual stress, speed of the wave, the stress
module, polarization vector.
P. 162TERENTYEV P.YU., NEMCHIN N.P.
OF NUMERICAL METHODS TO CALCULATE THE ROCK PRESSURE IN THE HORIZONTAL
EXCAVATIONS IN THE PRESENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL INFLUENCES
solution of the problem on rock pressure taking into account
drilling-and-blasting works and an inelastic zone is provided in
horizontal excavations. The solution of the problem is received on the
basis of known experimental dependences of an elastic modulus and
ultimate strength on radius. The algorithm of the solution of this
problem is offered by finite differences method. The semi-empirical
method of determination of the maximal and minimum pressure on the mine
support is offered and determination of parameters mine support.
Introduction of semi-empirical coefficients in this method is proved.
Values of these coefficients for the superficial horizons on the example
of conditions of Novo-Shirokinsky rudnik are received. The hypothesis
that hardening of development after formation of an inelastic zone leads
to resilient unloading of the massif is offered. The problem about rock
pressure, in case of hardening of breeds near a development contour is
solved. For an assessment of effectiveness of carrying out hardening of
development the degree of safety on durability of breeds is offered.
pressure, inelastic zone, horizontal excavations, cementation,
artificial array’s strengthening, a computer program, the explicit
finite difference method.
AEROLOGY, METHANE, SAFETY
P. 173GENDLER S.G., SINYAVINA S.V.
FEATURES OF CONTROL OF THE NEW BAYKALSK RAILWAY TUNNEL VENTILATING MODE
principle of heating system of air operation on railway tunnels is
developed. Connection of final temperature of the warmed-up air from its
total quantity, reference temperature and power of heater installations
is noted. It is told about possibility of reduction of amount of the
air coming to a tunnel due to installation on its portals of ventilating
gate. Results of natural researches on estimates of influence of
ventilating gate on the ventilating mode of a tunnel are given. The
coefficient of local resistance of gate is experimentally defined.
Mathematical modeling of aerodynamics of the Baikal tunnel at
installation on its portals of ventilating gate and operation of jet
fans at action of natural draft is carried out. Prediction calculations
of air amount which will come to the Baikal tunnel, at absence and train
movements are performed. The assessment of power of the heater
equipment is given.
system of heating, railway
tunnel, train, natural draft, heater, gate, local resistance, air
consumption, mathematical modeling, jet fans.
ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT
P. 180KOMISSAROVA M.A., KOMISSAROV V.D.
WORKING MODELS OF ADAPTATION COAL MINING COMPANIES TO THEIR INNOVATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
paper addresses the issues of functioning of coal-mining companies in
the Russian territory of the Eastern Donbass, the need to maintain coal
production as a social goal, which is to be considered among the top in
relation to the economic priorities of the implementation process of
investment in the development of coal industry enterprises in the
region; the feasibility of using the apparatus of Markov chains to
evaluate the consistency of the priorities of development of the
industry and the region as a resource-base.
coal-mining enterprises, regional policy, management strategy.
P. 189RYABOVA T.F., FOMINA V.P.
THE SYSTEM OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
this paper we prove that the set of indicators plays a key role in the
diagnosis of the socio-economic system. The system of indicators as a
criterion for sustainable development, which is necessary to observe,
monitor and take action to achieve them. In practical activities are
accounted for and are used, for example, indicators such as: land; water
resources; water volumes in huge lakes and reservoirs; the average
monthly air temperature; the consumption of fresh water; the amount of
circulated water usage emissions from wastewater into bodies of water;
the volume of wastewater discharge in the context of seas and rivers;
emissions of air pollutants and other. To assess the economic growth at
the macroeconomic level used criteria such as growth: annual budget,
gross domestic product, national income per capita, income and
expenditures of the consolidated budget surplus, deficit, net financial
result, external debt, investment in fixed capital, foreign trade
turnover, the number of unemployed, the number of pensioners, the number
of the population with incomes below the subsistence level, the
coefficient of the Rainbow and the Gini coefficient and other.
growth, factors and mechanisms, deavereficacia production, gross
domestic product, importablestion, restructuring, innovation level.
P. 196HOLODNYAKOV D.G., DZENDZIK A.A.
OUTPUT VALUE ACCOUNTING IN DISTRIBUTION OF GENERAL INPUT PER DIFFERENT MINERALS AT AN OPEN PIT MINE
article suggests a principle of the general quarry expenses costs
distribution to all types of commercial minerals. It also deals with
methods of general quarry costs distribution for different types of
minerals while developing complex deposits. It includes comparison of
these methods and finding the optimal calculation. It is proven that
expenses for development of complex deposits of different types of
commercial minerals should be calculated proportionally with excavation
volume and sale value. The article also has an example of using this
cost distribution method at the Kovdor deposit.
cost distribution, allocation of cost to prime cost, improvement of open-pit mining, cost saving.
P. 201YASTREBINSKIY M.A., GUSEVA N.M.
MARGINAL APPROACH TO GOLD PRICE MANAGEMENT IN JEWELLERY AND MINING
paper contains theoretical developments and practical recommendations
based on the proposed margin approach for the management of the
formation of the cost of production of jewelry and precious metals
mining.Justified cause – effect relationships between key features and
their distress, formed the basis of cost management of gold jewelry
(without stones) and extraction of precious metals.The techniques: a)
non-traditional cost calculation based only on direct and variable costs
that are directly associated with the production of jewelry and
precious metals mining; b) determining the critical break-even point on
the basis of the marginal approach and in the production of income; c)
define a variable WACC (or Sw) – part of the profit, which is used in
the proposed formula to all individual cases. The content index Sw
(WACC). and forming its variable components, both financial species
belonging to their own, borrowed funds and types of shares.Made
solutions examples that confirm the theoretical and practical
significance to develop a formula and a number of market indicators,
allowing an objective assessment of techno-economic, financial and
operational performance of jewelery and mining companies.
jewelry, rock mass, calculation, the cost of gold and jewelry, silver,
margin approach, variable and fixed costs, price, weighted average cost
of capital, profit, profit margin, operating leverage, financial
P. 215VALUEV A.M.
PARETO OPTIMIZATION OF A TRAJECTORY ON A NETWORK AS A METAMODEL OF
MULTIOBJECTIVE CHOICE OF PROJECT PARAMETERS FOR MINING ENTERPRISES
paper treats the problem of formalization of the decision-making model
for selecting project options for development of solid minerals
deposits. Multi-criteria nature of the decision stems from the need to
balance the interests of a company – the subsoil users (represented by
the integral economic effect of the project) and the state – the subsoil
owner (expressed by the budget income and completeness of extraction of
balance reserves of solid minerals from the subsoil). The developed
approach is based on common features of the mining industry and its
design, consisting in the binding of the majority of design decisions to
the time and at the same time to the space, the specific character of
the dynamics of the production process, including the dynamics of mining
and providing works and equipment assignment to sites, the
irreversibility of the changes of the entire natural-technological
system state. To represent the relationships between qualitatively
different alternatives of design decisions (including mining system,
technological zoning of mine field and the opening scheme), the form of
the tree of alternatives is proposed, end vertices whereof corresponding
to fully defined project alternatives. To represent the implementation
of alternatives in time and space the form of contourless oriented graph
of states and transitions (GST) is introduced. The ways to represent
mining operations dynamics, equipment fleet composition and its
assignment to the areas of mining and providing jobs in the form of GST
are proposed. The choice of the project variant is represented in the
form of the problem of multi-objective optimization trajectory on GST.
It is substantiated that the problem of Pareto-optimization of
trajectories may be reduced to the problem of finding the entire set of
suboptimal trajectories on GST which may be solved either by modified
Dijkstra’s method or the branch and bound method.
Key words and phrases:
of mining enterprises, solid minerals, the order of development of the
deposit, distribution of equipment on sites, multicriteria optimization,
Pareto set, tree of alternatives, transition graph, sub-optimal routing
on a network.
P. 224GENDLINA L.I., KULIKOVA E.G.
ABOUT NUMERICAL MODELING OF DYNAMICS OF A VIBRATION FEEDER FOR ROCK MASS RELEASE
the basis of the analysis of the vibration feeder with elastic working
body existing mathematical models the numerical model allowing to
include in research process of these machines dynamics computer modeling
by means of the program complexes using a method of final elements for
calculation is developed. The rated scheme of a vibration feeder was
made, necessary assumptions, entry and boundary conditions of
calculation are accepted, conditions of free contact interaction of
working body with the elastic basis are established. The damping
properties of vibrosystem «elastic working body – the vibroexciter – the
elastic basis» are analyzed, and simplification of a damping matrix in
the vibrofeeder dynamics equation is proved. The stand and a technique
for experimental determination of vibrosystem damping coefficient
necessary at drawing up a matrix of damping are described. The results
of the solution of the vibrating working body of a feeder with the
elastic basis a interaction contact task received by means of the
program Ansys are presented and analyzed. Dependences of the elastic
working body amplitude of vibrovelosity from the force and rigidity of
the elastic basis are received. Adequacy of the obtained data to results
of physical modeling is established. It is shown that use of function
of elastic potential for the description of properties of material of
the elastic basis gives the chance to receive more exact results of
calculation, than use of the elastic module.
numerical model, elastic working body, elastic basis, contact interaction, damping, adequacy, function of elastic potential.
P. 231ISAEV A.B., KHALABI S.M., ALNADFA A.
FOR BIAS OF COEFFICIENTS OF LINEAR AND PARABOLIC REGRESSION
RELATIONSHIPS OBTAINED USING CONVENTIONAL LEAST SQUARE METHOD IN
METROLOGICAL CERTIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTATION
certification of calibration instruments cannot neglect inaccuracy of
calibration instruments as it is comparable to the inaccuracy of the
instruments under certification. This fact causes considerable bias
(systematic inaccuracy) of estimates obtained using the conventional
least square method. In terms of the linear and parabolic approximating
regressional relationships, the analytical expressions are derived for
quantitative estimation of bias of values obtained by the conventional
least square method for the parameters of the regressional relationships
as functions of allowable random error in measurement of input variable
(input signal). The author introduces predefined upper limits for bias
of the parameters of linear and parabolic recovering functional
relationships, least square method estimates, estimation bias, allowable
inaccu-racy of independent (input) variable measurements.
P. 237LAN TIANWEI, ZHANG HONGWEI, LI SHENG, TANG GUOSHUI, HAN JUN, SONG WEIHUA, BATUGIN А.С., BATUGINA I.М.
STUDY ON COAL AND GAS OUTBURST REGIONAL PREDICTION BY PATTERN RECOGNITION
factor pattern recognition model has been built, and probability
prediction criterion for coal and gas outburst has been identified after
finding out the relationship between influence factors and danger of
coal and gas outburst. Multi factor pattern recognition method is based
on the result of geo-dynamic division and spatial data management,
combining with neural network and fuzzy reasoning method, which is used
to divide the danger area, the threatened area and safety area.
According to this method, coal and gas outburst danger can be estimated,
and gas disaster forecast accuracy has been improved.
coal and gas outburst, regional forecast, multi factor pattern recognition, outburst danger area.
P. 243NIKOLAEV P.V., SHUPLIK M.N.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF ARTIFICIAL GROUND FREEZING WITH USING SOLID CARBON DIOXIDE
article presents a method of mathematical modeling artificial ground
freezing process in software package COMSOL Multiphysics. According to
the results of laboratory research were obtained the dependencies of
heat flow to freezing column filled with solid carbon dioxide. This data
dependencies was included in the mathematical model, as result it
allowed accurately predict the results of experiments for single freeze
pipe and a group of freeze pipes. Based on this, we suggest that this
method may be used in the design of artificial ground freezing.
Mathematical modeling allows designer to define all the necessary
parameters of freezing: freeze time; consumption of solid carbon
dioxide; total amount of carbon dioxide;, the shape of icewall with
possible influence of heat sources (heating system, pipes, etc.). Thus,
the presented method opens up opportunities for designers to expand the
practice of introducing new solid carbon dioxide freezing methods.
artificial ground freezing; solid carbon dioxide; dry ice; ground improvement; mathematical modeling.
P. 252PANKRATENKO A.N., NGUYEN QUANG HUY, SAMAL’ A.S., BEGALINOV A.B., AMANTOLOV D.B.
MODELING OF INFLUENCE OF MICROTUNNELING BY PUNCHING ON STRESS STATE OF
ENCLOSING ROCK MASS AND ON SUPPORT OF EXISTING TUNNEL
to the prediction of stress state and assessing the strength of a
circular tunnel lining and the surrounding rock mass under construction
near the production used by the micro-tunneling technology. The basis of
this method is necessary analytical solution of the corresponding plane
problem of elasticity theory.
tunnel construction, microtunneling, stress strain state of rocks lining tunnel.
P. 259LYASHENKO V.I., KISLYY B.P., ALEKHIN A.I.
ENHANCEMENT OF BLASTING EFFICIENCY IN MINES
article reports basic research findings and working knowledge on
enhancement of blasting efficiency by intensifying operating procedure
due to use of the new-generation high-productive charging machines
designed by the experts in industry and the leading research centers.
Experience on mechanization of blasting using ecology-friendly
trotyl-free emulsion explosives in drivage and actual mining in Ukraine,
which has found yet seldom application, is described.
underground mining, occupational safety, blasting, emulsion explosives, operating efficiency.
P. 269BYKADOROV A.I., LARICHKIN P.M., SVIRKO S.V., YAGUNOVA O.A.
ANALYSIS OF DYNAMICS OF FLOODING IN MINE CONSERVATION IN KUZBASS
are two main methods of mine conservation in Kuzbass. The first of them
is a completely flooding to spouting point, which is called «wet
method». The second way of conservation («combined method») is a
supporting the groundwater level at a certain point, which is determined
by the conditions of exception flows to adjacent operating mines as a
rule. The 15 flooding mines of Kuzbass are reviewed. There are regular
measurements of groundwater level from the beginning of their
liquidation in these mines. The periods of the active process of
flooding (from the beginning to the moment when the level of the
floodwaters rosed the surface aquifers and the process of flooding took
protracted, or to special mark point when pumping-out started in the
flooded mine) are analyzed. The results of the analysis reveals that the
conservations of the mines in Kuzbass by «wet» and «combined» methods
are specified by large fluctuations in the velocity of flooding, the
analysis of variance of which can be produced by using methods of the
theory of random functions. The groups of flooding mines are defined by
speed’s characters of flooding. The method and the results of the
analysis of variance of the speeds of flooding are given. The regularity
of the speed of the flooding new mines is revealed by analysis of all
performed measurements. This regularity has exponential character with
defined parameters and can be used for flooding predictions.
mine, conservation, the speed of flooding, the dynamics of the flooding process, correlation function, analysis.
P. 277KRYLOV D.A., SIDOROVA G.P.
WAYS REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL COAL PLANTS RUSSIA
data given show that Russian coal plants are a source of trace elements
and radionuclides contamination of the environment. This is due to the
concentration of trace elements and radionuclides in ash and slag dumps
TPP and in air emissions of fly ash thermal power plants.
the effects of trace elements and radionuclides needs a well-organized
control, as the content of trace elements and radionuclides in coal and
in ash waste and emissions of fly ash thermal power plants.
reduce the environmental impact of coal-fired plants on the environment
is possible only with the introduction of innovative clean technologies
in the electricity and coal processing. The Energy Strategy of Russia
for the period up to 2030 is planned to increase the introduction of new
environmentally friendly and highly efficient coal combustion
technologies. This should dramatically decrease the environmental impact
on the environment coal-fired plants in Russia.
trace elements and radionuclides in coal, fly ash thermal power plants,
emissions from thermal power plants, the impact on the environment and
human health harmful impurities coal plants.
P. 286YAKOVLEV V.L., LAPTEV YU.V., YAKOVLEV A.M.
METHODS QUALITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS GEOMETRIZATION GUSEVOGORSKOYE DEPOSIT OF TITANIUM ORES
this article is described a method of qualitative characteristics
geometrization Gusevogorskoye field titanomagnetite ores using
geo-information tools for improving allocation of technological types of
minerals in order to increase the recovery of valuable components.
quality management, geometrization, GIS software, surpac, titanomagnetite ore deposit Gusevogorskoye.
P. 297KALININ S.I., PUDOV E.YU., KUZIN E.YU.
PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION OF GPR TO DETERMINE THE CONDITION OF THE ROOF SHAFT WORKINGS
possibility of using GPR equipment to determine the state of the roof
of underground workings. Are examples of survey roofing shaft workings
at the presence of the fracture, moisture saturation and other
GPR, roofing, underground workings, condition, fracture, geophysical research methods.
P. 300VENKOVA Y.A., KRAPIVSKY E.I.
STUDY OF THE STRESS STATE INFLUENCE ON INDUCED PIPELINES MAGNETIC FIELD
paper studies the correlation of the steel pipe mechanical stresses
with its magnetic field parameters. Stress states in the pipe metal can
lead to the serious accidents, but they are difficult diagnosed at the
predestruction stage. This question was studied by different authors, in
particular Aginey R.V.  Kuleev V.G. [5, 6], Lopatin V.V. . During
the experiment on Mining University basis, and the calculation in the
software package ANSYS MAGNETOSTATIC 15.0 authors obtained three
mutually orthogonal components of the magnetic induction distribution
graphs of unloaded and loaded horizontal or slightly inclined steel pipe
placed in a magnetic field of the Earth. The data are in good
qualitative correlation with the calculated distribution of the stray
fields of the magnetization, previously obtained by other authors .
It was found that the dependence of the field strength are complex and
increasing load leads increasing of the extrema absolute values. The
results can be used to magnetograms interpretation obtained by
diagnostic examination of pipelines, determining stress states in the
metal pipe, and good agreement of the magnetic induction experimental
and calculated values enables the use of ANSYS MAGNETOSTATIC to
calculate the magnetic field distribution under loading in more complex
cases, than considered in this article.
stress stage, pipeline, coercive force, magnetic induction, diagnostic, pipeline, ANSYS.
P. 306POPOV S.M., KOZLOV O.V.
BASIS FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR THE PROTECTION
OF THE ATMOSPHERIC AIR IN THE UNDERGROUND TECHNOSPHERE CITY
development of large cities, accompanied by serial deterioration in
ambient air has determined the need to develop effective measures for
the protection of the technosphere environment based on advanced
achievements of scientific-technical progress.
However, in contrast
to well-established public opinion, modern scientific data show that in
closed spaces surface and underground infrastructure of the city air
pollution can be dozens of times higher than outside. In the early
1950-ies found that allergies and other chronic diseases linked to air
Today, people living in cities of developed
countries in the world spend most of their lives indoors. Therefore, the
increase in time of exposure to air pollutants causes an increase in
the number and severity of allergic reactions.
In the result of the
research conducted in the air atmosphere of the Moscow residential and
public buildings found about a hundred of inorganic and organic chemical
compounds belonging to different classes of risk. Among the volatile
chemical compounds found in the air more often than others, the most
toxic formaldehyde, phenol, benzene, styrene, ethylbenzene, toluene,
xylene, aldehydes, acetone, ammonia, ethyl acetate, oxides of nitrogen,
oxides of carbon. In addition, in the air of buildings contains aerosols
of heavy metals: lead, cadmium, mercury, zinc, Nickel, magnesium,
chromium and other
The article presents the results of the
development of the fundamental principles of the organization of
activities for the protection of the atmosphere underground technosphere
cities. Typed the impacts of pollution technosphere atmosphere on the
results of the various economic activities in the underground space of
the metropolis. The dependence of the magnitude of the damages and costs
for different types of product