Mining informational and analytical bulletin. №11/2015

TITUL PAGES
INFORMATION
СONTENT



UNDERGROUND MINING


P. 5

EREMENKO V.A.
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ON ROCKBURST-HAZARDOUS UNDERGROUND MINING IN GORNAYA SHORIA
To evaluate the stress-strain state of rock mass in underground development of ore deposits of parts of the new algorithm for search boundaries to detect boundary of a deformable wells that meet three criteria: good detection, good localization and single response to a single border. This algorithm allows to determine in situ the parameters of the deformation wells and calculate the relative deformation of hard rocks, as well as to determine the direction of action of maximal stresses.
Key words:
well, the rock mass, the deformation, the algorithm for finding boundaries of a deformable well, gradient.

P. 10

KRUPNIK L.А., SHAPOSHNIK YU.N., SHAPOSHNIK S.N.
THE DEVELOPOMENT OF BACKFILLING TECHNOLOGY IN TERMS OF TELLUR MINE, AKMOLA GOLD
The article describes geology and ore reserves as well as the opening scheme and the selection of mining method of gold ore in Tellur deposit. Descending horizontal slicing with solidifying backfilling has been established. Basic parameters of the mining method were calculated. The design values of allowable exposed spans of concrete backfill at different layer thickness and strength of backfill have been given for descending horizontal slicing. The production technology of backfill mixture includes milling method, fly ash-cement binder, a crushed rock as filling material, and backfill flow by gravity via pipelines. Backfill mixture formulation has been defined. The required standard strength of filling mass horizontally and vertically has been calculated for descending horizontal slicing. On the basis of laboratory tests, the strength of filling mass versus the amount of cement in backfill mixture has been plotted. The strength properties of filling mass at different formulations of backfill mixtures have been presented. The equipment for mineral filler milling has been presented. The parameters of the backfill flow pipeline have been calculated.
Key words:
backfill mixture preparation plant, solidifying backfill mixture, strength of filling mass.

P. 17

MASLENNIKOV S.A.
OPTIMIZATION OF PARAMETERS OF CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY SHAFTS
The article presents the results of the analysis duration sinking cycle in the extended part of the sinking of vertical shafts. Currently loading and delivery are carried out mainly without the changing of buckets , the use of entry loader, hoppet capacity, limited winders. With increasing depth of over 1–1.2 km, this approach leads to a significant increase in the duration of construction sinking cycle. Loading and delivery of the breed is a lengthy process, taking up to 50% the length of penetration, with a single cycle is issued to 100 or more hoppet. In this regard, improvement of the loading and egress can significantly increase the rock penetration rate, and hence is promising. During the construction of the skip shaft mine "Mir" the authors conducted chronometer observation, data were obtained on the driving cycle in 1118, and 1270 cycles of lifting hoppet. Based on the analysis and statistical processing of measurements proposed for determining the length depending on the loading bucket, the necessity of differential calculation, depending on the qualifications of drifters. The obtained results allow us to improve the technology of construction barrels and increase the speed of their construction.
Key words:
shaft, mining enterprise, hoppet, mining, rock loading, raising.



OPEN-CAST


P. 24

CHESKIDOV V.V.
ENGINEERING-GEOLOGICAL ZONING OF THE PROJECTED SOUTH-WESTERN OVERBURDEN DUMP OF «STOILENSKY GOK»
D
ue to insufficient capacity of the existing dump arrays by the project of development of mining operations till 2030 year within the land allotment LLC «Stoylenskiy GOK» envisages the formation of a new «South-west» dump. Based on the analysis of natural and man-made environment are made the following conclusions: Engineering-geological conditions of formation of dump mound are complex, because of the developed of gullies relief; Deformation processes in the construction of dump are most likely in quaternary clay sediments, which have the lowest mechanical properties; Complex of conducted field and laboratory work makes it possible to determine the physical and mechanical properties of the sediments in sufficient volume and a permissible error, allowing to make high-quality engineering and geological zoning.
In view of the data field (using the integrated sensing device MGGU) and laboratory (on an automated triaxial SPM-2) tests of mining rock foundation of the projected dump there are identified characteristics of resistance of shift and made valuation of bearing ability of Rdop of different parts of the territory of the moldboard. Also reviewed basic principles and criteria for delineating areas with similar geotechnical conditions and the sequences of dump operations.
Key words:
open pit mining, dumping operation, man-made massif, geological engineering searching, probing, physical and mechanical properties, bearing capacity, zoning.

P. 32

SHPAKOV P.S., YUNAKOV YU.L., SHPAKOVA M.V., CHUMLIAKOV V.А.
INFLUENCE ON STABILITY FRACTURED PIT AND ITS VARIABILITY IN SIZE AND DEPTH ON GOREVSKY FIELD
Held engineering-geological survey of fracture of various origins on the 3rd ledges of pilot career, set the orientation of fracture systems concerning Bench and the characteristic of the intensity of fracturing. Processed results documentation of underground mine workings and analysis of cores of exploratory wells. To estimate the orientation of fracture systems in deep horizons field used the results telefonokarotazha wells and measurements made by us throughout the north-eastern side of the quarry, 23 metering stations. For all horizons obtained generalize the lattice fracture. The quarry has been divided into separate sections: the north- eastern flank, south- eastern flank, southwest and northwest flanks. Within each species the difference between the cracks were classified by genesis: tectonic, stratification and crack isolation. Numerical values of strike azimuth and dip angles. There is a variety of systems individually characterizing blocking array. The intensity of fracturing in the host rock ( siderite, dolomite, shale) and ores is much higher than in the primary rocks, represented by lime-stones; fragmentation of ore-bearing rocks in the footwall of the Main ore body is significantly higher than in the hanging, due to being in close proximity to a major tectonic disturbance, strike and dip of which is close to the elements of occurrence of the ore body ; occurrence of tectonic elements as well as cracks layering set in limestone, typical for the host rock. These findings are consistent with the results of the study of fracture career. Within career (depth of 200–300 m) and below (below 300 m), the intensity variation of fracture depth not found for individual species differences and the array as a whole The greatest convergence in wells, open and underground mines found along fractures layering.
Key words:
stability, shooting, crack, lattice fracture strike azimuth angle zeal, intense fracturing, tectonic disturbance.

P. 41

SHTIRTS V.A., KOLTYSHEV V.N.
DEVELOPMENT BLOCKS AND THE DISTRIBUTION OF AFTERSHOCKS AFTER MASSIVE EXPLOSIONS IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE TASHTAGOL DEPOSIT
The process of improvement of blocks and the distribution of aftershocks after massive explosions. The nature of distribution of shocks at various mass explosives and seismic energy.
Key words: tremors, mine, ore, massive explosions, voltage, block array.



ENRICHMENT OF MINERALS


P. 47

GOLBERG G.YU., LAVRINENKO A.A.
FORMATION, EXISTENCE AND BREAKUP OF FLOCCULATION STRUCTURES
THIS WORK PRESENTS THE RESULTS OF INVESTIGATION OF THE STRUCTURES FORMED BY FLOCCULATION OF FINE COAL PREPARATION PRODUCTS SUSPENSIONS.
Consideration of flocculation structures formation was carried out on the base of the extended DLVO theory with taking into account the amount of polymer macromolecules on one particle of known diameter. It was shown that the particles of the solid phase with diameter more than 1 μm are flocculated by ortokinetic way for a few seconds and submicron particles are flocculated on perikinetic way for 400–600 seconds. On the base of the theory of fluids flow in capillary-porous media it has been developed and experimentally validated a model describing the kinetics of flocs mechanical syneresis. It was shown the possibility of reducing of the water content of coal froth flotation concentrate cake by mechanical syneresis and, accordingly, cost decrease of concentrate thermal drying. Theoretical analysis of flocculation structures strength for maximum shear strain state, allowed to calculate the maximum shear yield stress depending on the diameter of the particles and the flocculant dosage. Rheological study on coal froth flotation concentrate showed that the nature of these suspensions without flocculants are close to Newtonian plastically fluids, and using flocculants are pseudoplastic properties. Experimentally obtained values of shear yield stress for coal froth flotation concentrate not contrary with theoretically calculated one. Also the approach for evaluating the effectiveness of suspensions flocculation conditioning based on experimental determination of filtration and structural-mechanical properties of filter cakes was proposed. The obtained results allow to predict the performance and speed of the belts. To perform the necessary calculations in this work was the interrelation between hydrostatic pressure and drainage time was established.
Keywords:
flocculation, suspension, floc structure formation, mechanical syneresis of flocs, floc structure breakup, water content, shear yield stress.

P. 55

MESYATS S.P., OSTAPENKO S.P., SKOROKHODOV V.F., NIKITIN R.M. STUDY OF SORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF SOLID PHASE THICKENER OVERFLOW IN APATITE PROCESSING CIRCUIT
The studies have been performed of disperse and mineral composition of thickener overflow samples from iron ore concentration tailings and thickener overflows of apatite concentrate from apatite-baddeleyite concentration plant of «Kovdorsky GOK» JSC in order to work out recommendations for modification of raw material preparation regime for its further processing.
Key words:
hickener overflows, sorption characteristics, desliming, collectors.

P. 60

OPALEV A.S., BIRUKOV V.V., SCHERBAKOV A.V.
STADIAL OBTAINING OF THE MAGNETITE CONCENTRATE DURING THE DEVELOPMENT OF POWER RESOURCE-SAVING TECHNOLOGY OF BENEFICATION OF FERRUGINOUS QUARTZITES ON JSC «OLCON»
The ways to improve of energy resource efficiency of technological flowsheets of ferruginous quartzites benefication are examined on example of DPP of JSC «Olcon». Using magnetic-gravity separation are proposed for produce the final magnetite concentrates at every stage of benefication, the results of technological research on stadial obtaining of commercial products with the content of Fetotal 65.7–70.0% are presented.
Key words:
ferruginous quartzites, magnetite concentrate, stadial obtaining, energy resource efficiency, magnetic-gravity separation and technological research.

P. 63
SKOROKHODOV V.F., NIKITIN R.M., STEPANNIKOVA A.S., YAKUSHKIN V.P.
INITIALIZATION OF CLOSE-CUT SEPARATION FRACTIONS IN MODELING EXERCISE ON HETEROGENEOUS FLOTATION SYSTEM
The method has been proposed of initialization of narrow separation fractions while a computing experiment with a heterogenic flotation system model. The method allows determining integral values of components properties in a solid phase of flotation feeding. The values are interpreted as single-valued conditions for the mathematical flotation model. The method takes into account distribution of mineral particles by grading, mineral composition, degree of useful mineral liberation in intergrowth pieces, content of useful component, and assessment of surface energy of mineral and polymineral particles.
The approaches of step-by-step checking of the method’s algorithm implementation have been considered based on possible estimations of solid phase density and content of useful component. The method provides obtaining results on mathematical modeling of flotation process in the terms of content and recovery of useful component and verification of the mathematical model and technological flowsheet of actual production or laboratory testing. The method has been approved multiply at different experiments performed in the Mining Institute KSC RAS with using the ANSYS Fluent software.
Key words:
flotation, narrow separation fraction, mathematical model, computing test, computing hydrodynamics, multivelocity multi-phased continuum, surface energy of mineral and polymineral particles.



GEOLOGY


P. 74

BOLOBOV V.I., BOCHKOV V.S., CHUPIN S.A., STEPANOV S.YU.
DEPENDENCE OF THE ABRASIVE PROPERTIES OF ROCKS FROM THEIR FORTRESSES
The article describes the apatite-nepheline ores with varying strength. All these ores also have a different mineral composition, the individual elements of which differ in terms of hardness on the Mohs scale. The samples were tested 110G13L made of steel, as the most frequent material quickly wear parts of mining equipment. Fortress impact on the wear rate of ore samples is considered. Fortress is not a defining indicator of intensity of wear of metal pieces of equipment used in the mining industry was established.
Key words:
apatite, nepheline, fortress rock, steel 110G13L, wear rate, abrasiveness of rocks.

P. 80

VERKHOTUROV A.G.
THE INFLUENCE OF CRYOLITOZONE DEGRADATION ON THE COMPLEXITY OF GEOLOGICAL CONDITIONS OF NON-FERROUS AND RARE METALS OF TRANSBAIKALIE
The causes of changes in geotechnical and hydrogeological conditions in the southern cryolitozone at the stages of prospecting, exploration and exploitation of mineral deposits are presented. Permafrost degradation in Transbaikalie causes the development of dangerous exogenous processes that have a negative impact on mining. Negative environmental impacts associated with water production in mining are marked with conservation or completion of deposits operation.
Key words: cryolitozone, degradation, temperature, rock, deposit, geotechnical conditions, groundwater.

P. 88

MOSEYKIN V.V., MUSAEV N.M.
CLUSTERING OF PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF SAW LIMESTONE QUARRY PERVOMAISKY
Cluster analysis of physical and mechanical properties of limestone Pershamajski career in Derbent allocated two classes. For the independent parameters of units produced standardization of data of physical and mechanical tests of limestone. Clusters of bulk density, water absorption, tensile strength displayed on the graphic projections of pit wells. The complex nature of the distribution of clusters in the thick limestone requires the creation of conditional block model of the deposit of saw limestone for its effective development.
Key words:
cluster analysis, inhomogeneity, bulk density, water absorption, ultimate strength, standardization, dendrogram.

P. 93

YANCHENKO G.А.
INDICATORS OF CONTENT OF ICE AND WATER UNFROZEN IN THE FROZEN ROCKS AND SOILS
Made a brief analysis of the available technical literature on indicators of content-ice and unfrozen water in the frozen rocks and soils showed that no single approach to well-established terms and definitions of these indicators. This creates certain difficulties in reading the relevant technical literature and obtained by the use of this information in practice. Indicators and their terms must clearly specify what constitutes a particular figure, the principle of its definition and measurement units respectively. It is shown that the most rational content of all indicators of ice and unfrozen water in the frozen rocks and soils to determine their state of the frozen and dry. It is possible to form a unified approach to the methods of determining how well-known figures, and first proposed by the author, and articulate their terms.
Key words:
rocks, soil, total moisture, the total moisture content, interaction, ldisitost, ldosoderzhanie, ldonasyschenie, content were unfrozen water.



MINING CARS, THE EQUIPMENT AND TRANSPORT



P. 102

BUSYGIN A.M.
KINEMATIC ANALYSIS OF MECHANISM OF SHOVEL CRAWLER ARM WITH THREE DEGREES OF FREEDOM USING ANALYTICAL METHOD
In the article the method of conducting the kinematic analysis of the mechanism stick crawler excavator with three degrees of freedom in an analytical way.
Key words:
kinematic analysis, crawler excavator, movement of the handle.

P. 107

MALAFEEV S.I., TIKHONOV YU.V.
INTELLECTUALIZATION OF A CAREER EXCAVATOR
This article presents the results of analytical research and applications of modern automation systems for new generation mining shovels through the use of information technologies and methods of intelligent control.
Key words:
mechatronics, control, monitoring, diagnostics, intelligent excavator.

P. 116

MULUHOV K.K., BESLEKOEVA Z.N.
INCREASE OF THE RELIABILITY OF THE DESIGN OF STEEPLY ANGLE ELEVATING BELT-WHEELED CONVEYOR FOR HANDLING BULK LUMPY MINING LOADS
In the previous construction of the steeply inclined belt-car conveyor clamping of the layer of load by side belt sections was performed directly by the pressing levers. In that case the contact between levers and belt occurs in one or two points because of indeterminate surface of the load layer. It’s difficult to keep the overlapping connection of the belt side sections especially under atmospheric precipitations, when the coefficient of friction between levers and belt is decreasing. In the suggested construction clamping of the load layer is performed by straps connected to the ends of levers and regulators with spiral springs attached to the moving supports. The principle of action of the straps with regulators is similar to the automobile safety belts. The conveyor has the high level of construction continuity and sufficiently increase the reliability due to the exclusion of accidents caused by falling out of lumps of load.
Key words:
belt-wheeled conveyor, deep quarry, steeply inclined conveyor, pressing lever strap, regulator, spiral spring, overlapping connection.

P. 123
FOMIN K.V., ZHIGUL’SKAYA A.I.
THE DEFINITION OF THE SPECTRAL DENSITY OF THE MOMENT ON THE WORKING BODY OF THE MACHINE DEEP MILLING IN THE PREPARATION OF PEAT DEPOSITS EXPLOITATION
In the article the expressions, allowing at the design stage to determine the spectral density of the loading moment on the working body of the machine deep milling in the preparation of peat deposits to the operation considering the modes of operation, design cutters and root system with exponential distribution of distances between the roots. The information obtained serves as the starting material for the calculation of probabilistic characteristics of dynamic loads in the drive elements of milling aggregate.
Key words:
machine deep milling, mathematical model, spectral density, loading moment, dynamic load.

P. 127

SHARIPOV V.M., GORYUNOV S.V.
THE PREDICTION OF DURABILITY OF THE PNEUMATIC TIRE DUMP TRUCKS
The possibility of predicting the durability of the pneumatic tire dump trucks for tread wear using the power approach for real operating conditions.
Key words:
pneumatic tires, durability, resource, quarry dump, functional model.

P. 131
SHIGIN A.O.
ROLLING CUTTER BIT LIFE GAIN IN COMPLEX STRUCTURE ROCK MASSES
In drilling in complex structure rock masses characterized by fluctuating properties of rocks, high impact stresses are generated on drill tools. The problem of weakening of rolling cutter bits has engineering and technological solutions that allow essential gain in the rolling cutter bit life.
Key words:
rolling cutter bit, life, improvement methods, rock mass, structure, impact stress, electromagnetic pulse.



BUILDING OF UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTIONS AND MINES


P. 137

KULICKOV YU.N.
THE DEFINITION OF EXTERNAL LOADS SEAL ON CONCRETE MIX WHEN LAYING INTO THE SECONDARY LINING OF THE UNDERGROUND CONSTRUCTIONS
The article presents the methodology of the study of the character of formation of physical-mechanical properties of secondary lining of underground structures on the basis of the lay-outs of sensors with their acoustic survey. The conclusion: there is the influence of the configuration of the cross-section of secondary concrete lining of underground constructions on the character transfer the load of the upper layers on the bottom.
Key words:
secondary lining of underground works, water-cement ratio, numerical experiment, water, lining, casing, the laying of concrete mixture.



PHYSICOTECHNICAL CONTROL OF PROCESSES MOUNTAIN MANUFACTURE


P. 143

NIKOLENKO P.V., KORMNOV A.A.
STRESS STATE MONITORING OF ROCK MASS USING ACOUSTIC EMISSION EFFECTS IN ANISOTROPIC COMOSITE MATERIALS
Possibility of using acoustic emission memory effect in anisotropic composite materials for evaluation of stress-strain state of rock mass is shown. The analysis of laboratory research results of common and specially synthesized materials is performed. It was found that the angle between direction of uniaxial compression application and direction of lamination (elastic inclusion plane for synthesized material) in composites has a significant impact on the behavior of acoustic emission during the first loading cycle, and manifestation of acoustic emission memory effect. Thus the lowest values of the acoustic emission activity are when such angle is 90° in the first loading cycle. When studying memory effect it is manifested most clearly at an angle of 0° for synthetic materials with elastic inclusion and 45° for layered composites. A method that allows continuous monitoring of maximum principal stress orientation acting in the area of excavation is offered. Also a method for determining direction and magnitude of increments of the maximum principal stress, based on memory effects in some anisotropic composite materials is provided
Key words:
stress-strain state, geocontrol, acoustic emission, composite materials, anisotropy, memory effects, defects.

P. 148

SULTANALIEVA R.M.
DETERMINATION OF THE SPECIFIC ENERGY INTENSITY AND OPTIMUM TEMPERATURE OF THE STRONG ORES AFTER INFLUENCE OF MICROWAVES
To effectively reduce the energy intensity of softening and crushing hard ore, are most perspective methods, based on the effects of electromagnetic waves (UHF) range. The results of investigations of temperature changes of ores on the duration of exposure to microwaves. Is substantiated formula for determining the characteristic temperature at which the realized effective grinding of ores and minerals.
Key words:
ore; mineral; temperature; microwave; heat capacity. energy intensity, grinding.

P. 153

TAZHIBAEV K.T., SULTANALIEVA R.M.,TAZHIBAEV D.K.
POLARISATION-ACOUSTIC METHOD OF DEFINITION OF THE RESIDUAL AND ACTING STRESSES OF ROCKS
The law of change of a relative rate of speed of passage of the ultrasonic polarized shift wave from change of mechanical stress in firm materials is installed. The law consists that change of mechanical stress in firm materials, including in rocks, leads proportional, depending on magnitude of the installed new characteristic of a firm material – the wave module of stress – K, to change of a relative rate of speed of passage of an ultrasonic shift polarized wave in a direction perpendicular to a direction of act of stress. Change of a relative rate of speed of passage of the ultrasonic polarized shift wave, with the vector of polarization coinciding with a direction of stress, is caused by that stress excursion in a direction perpendicular to a direction of passage of an ultrasonic shift polarized wave calls material deformation. The formulas are gained, allowing to define a sign and magnitude acting and residual stresses in firm materials in certain directions for certain baseline of measurement (Law of Kushbakali). On the basis of the installed Law of change of a relative rate of speed of passage of the ultrasonic polarised shift wave from change of mechanical stress the method of definition of the residual and acting stresses in rocks is developed. Instances of definition acting and residual stresses are resulted.
Key words:
rock, acting stress, deformation, polarized shift wave, residual stress, speed of the wave, the stress module, polarization vector.

P. 162

TERENTYEV P.YU., NEMCHIN N.P.
APPLICATION OF NUMERICAL METHODS TO CALCULATE THE ROCK PRESSURE IN THE HORIZONTAL EXCAVATIONS IN THE PRESENCE OF TECHNOLOGICAL INFLUENCES
The solution of the problem on rock pressure taking into account drilling-and-blasting works and an inelastic zone is provided in horizontal excavations. The solution of the problem is received on the basis of known experimental dependences of an elastic modulus and ultimate strength on radius. The algorithm of the solution of this problem is offered by finite differences method. The semi-empirical method of determination of the maximal and minimum pressure on the mine support is offered and determination of parameters mine support. Introduction of semi-empirical coefficients in this method is proved. Values of these coefficients for the superficial horizons on the example of conditions of Novo-Shirokinsky rudnik are received. The hypothesis that hardening of development after formation of an inelastic zone leads to resilient unloading of the massif is offered. The problem about rock pressure, in case of hardening of breeds near a development contour is solved. For an assessment of effectiveness of carrying out hardening of development the degree of safety on durability of breeds is offered.
Key words:
rock pressure, inelastic zone, horizontal excavations, cementation, artificial array’s strengthening, a computer program, the explicit finite difference method.



AEROLOGY, METHANE, SAFETY


P. 173

GENDLER S.G., SINYAVINA S.V.
FEATURES OF CONTROL OF THE NEW BAYKALSK RAILWAY TUNNEL VENTILATING MODE
The principle of heating system of air operation on railway tunnels is developed. Connection of final temperature of the warmed-up air from its total quantity, reference temperature and power of heater installations is noted. It is told about possibility of reduction of amount of the air coming to a tunnel due to installation on its portals of ventilating gate. Results of natural researches on estimates of influence of ventilating gate on the ventilating mode of a tunnel are given. The coefficient of local resistance of gate is experimentally defined. Mathematical modeling of aerodynamics of the Baikal tunnel at installation on its portals of ventilating gate and operation of jet fans at action of natural draft is carried out. Prediction calculations of air amount which will come to the Baikal tunnel, at absence and train movements are performed. The assessment of power of the heater equipment is given.
Key words:
system of heating, railway tunnel, train, natural draft, heater, gate, local resistance, air consumption, mathematical modeling, jet fans.



ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT


P. 180

KOMISSAROVA M.A., KOMISSAROV V.D.
WORKING MODELS OF ADAPTATION COAL MINING COMPANIES TO THEIR INNOVATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
The paper addresses the issues of functioning of coal-mining companies in the Russian territory of the Eastern Donbass, the need to maintain coal production as a social goal, which is to be considered among the top in relation to the economic priorities of the implementation process of investment in the development of coal industry enterprises in the region; the feasibility of using the apparatus of Markov chains to evaluate the consistency of the priorities of development of the industry and the region as a resource-base.
Key words:
coal-mining enterprises, regional policy, management strategy.

P. 189

RYABOVA T.F., FOMINA V.P.
THE SYSTEM OF ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
In this paper we prove that the set of indicators plays a key role in the diagnosis of the socio-economic system. The system of indicators as a criterion for sustainable development, which is necessary to observe, monitor and take action to achieve them. In practical activities are accounted for and are used, for example, indicators such as: land; water resources; water volumes in huge lakes and reservoirs; the average monthly air temperature; the consumption of fresh water; the amount of circulated water usage emissions from wastewater into bodies of water; the volume of wastewater discharge in the context of seas and rivers; emissions of air pollutants and other. To assess the economic growth at the macroeconomic level used criteria such as growth: annual budget, gross domestic product, national income per capita, income and expenditures of the consolidated budget surplus, deficit, net financial result, external debt, investment in fixed capital, foreign trade turnover, the number of unemployed, the number of pensioners, the number of the population with incomes below the subsistence level, the coefficient of the Rainbow and the Gini coefficient and other.
Key words:
economic growth, factors and mechanisms, deavereficacia production, gross domestic product, importablestion, restructuring, innovation level.

P. 196

HOLODNYAKOV D.G., DZENDZIK A.A.
OUTPUT VALUE ACCOUNTING IN DISTRIBUTION OF GENERAL INPUT PER DIFFERENT MINERALS AT AN OPEN PIT MINE
The article suggests a principle of the general quarry expenses costs distribution to all types of commercial minerals. It also deals with methods of general quarry costs distribution for different types of minerals while developing complex deposits. It includes comparison of these methods and finding the optimal calculation. It is proven that expenses for development of complex deposits of different types of commercial minerals should be calculated proportionally with excavation volume and sale value. The article also has an example of using this cost distribution method at the Kovdor deposit.
Key words:
cost distribution, allocation of cost to prime cost, improvement of open-pit mining, cost saving.

P. 201
YASTREBINSKIY M.A., GUSEVA N.M.
MARGINAL APPROACH TO GOLD PRICE MANAGEMENT IN JEWELLERY AND MINING
The paper contains theoretical developments and practical recommendations based on the proposed margin approach for the management of the formation of the cost of production of jewelry and precious metals mining.Justified cause – effect relationships between key features and their distress, formed the basis of cost management of gold jewelry (without stones) and extraction of precious metals.The techniques: a) non-traditional cost calculation based only on direct and variable costs that are directly associated with the production of jewelry and precious metals mining; b) determining the critical break-even point on the basis of the marginal approach and in the production of income; c) define a variable WACC (or Sw) – part of the profit, which is used in the proposed formula to all individual cases. The content index Sw (WACC). and forming its variable components, both financial species belonging to their own, borrowed funds and types of shares.Made solutions examples that confirm the theoretical and practical significance to develop a formula and a number of market indicators, allowing an objective assessment of techno-economic, financial and operational performance of jewelery and mining companies.
Key words:
jewelry, rock mass, calculation, the cost of gold and jewelry, silver, margin approach, variable and fixed costs, price, weighted average cost of capital, profit, profit margin, operating leverage, financial headroom. resource-base.



MATHEMATICAL MODELING


P. 215
VALUEV A.M.
PROBLEM OF PARETO OPTIMIZATION OF A TRAJECTORY ON A NETWORK AS A METAMODEL OF MULTIOBJECTIVE CHOICE OF PROJECT PARAMETERS FOR MINING ENTERPRISES
The paper treats the problem of formalization of the decision-making model for selecting project options for development of solid minerals deposits. Multi-criteria nature of the decision stems from the need to balance the interests of a company – the subsoil users (represented by the integral economic effect of the project) and the state – the subsoil owner (expressed by the budget income and completeness of extraction of balance reserves of solid minerals from the subsoil). The developed approach is based on common features of the mining industry and its design, consisting in the binding of the majority of design decisions to the time and at the same time to the space, the specific character of the dynamics of the production process, including the dynamics of mining and providing works and equipment assignment to sites, the irreversibility of the changes of the entire natural-technological system state. To represent the relationships between qualitatively different alternatives of design decisions (including mining system, technological zoning of mine field and the opening scheme), the form of the tree of alternatives is proposed, end vertices whereof corresponding to fully defined project alternatives. To represent the implementation of alternatives in time and space the form of contourless oriented graph of states and transitions (GST) is introduced. The ways to represent mining operations dynamics, equipment fleet composition and its assignment to the areas of mining and providing jobs in the form of GST are proposed. The choice of the project variant is represented in the form of the problem of multi-objective optimization trajectory on GST. It is substantiated that the problem of Pareto-optimization of trajectories may be reduced to the problem of finding the entire set of suboptimal trajectories on GST which may be solved either by modified Dijkstra’s method or the branch and bound method.
Key words and phrases:
design of mining enterprises, solid minerals, the order of development of the deposit, distribution of equipment on sites, multicriteria optimization, Pareto set, tree of alternatives, transition graph, sub-optimal routing on a network.

P. 224

GENDLINA L.I., KULIKOVA E.G.
ABOUT NUMERICAL MODELING OF DYNAMICS OF A VIBRATION FEEDER FOR ROCK MASS RELEASE
On the basis of the analysis of the vibration feeder with elastic working body existing mathematical models the numerical model allowing to include in research process of these machines dynamics computer modeling by means of the program complexes using a method of final elements for calculation is developed. The rated scheme of a vibration feeder was made, necessary assumptions, entry and boundary conditions of calculation are accepted, conditions of free contact interaction of working body with the elastic basis are established. The damping properties of vibrosystem «elastic working body – the vibroexciter – the elastic basis» are analyzed, and simplification of a damping matrix in the vibrofeeder dynamics equation is proved. The stand and a technique for experimental determination of vibrosystem damping coefficient necessary at drawing up a matrix of damping are described. The results of the solution of the vibrating working body of a feeder with the elastic basis a interaction contact task received by means of the program Ansys are presented and analyzed. Dependences of the elastic working body amplitude of vibrovelosity from the force and rigidity of the elastic basis are received. Adequacy of the obtained data to results of physical modeling is established. It is shown that use of function of elastic potential for the description of properties of material of the elastic basis gives the chance to receive more exact results of calculation, than use of the elastic module.
Key words:
numerical model, elastic working body, elastic basis, contact interaction, damping, adequacy, function of elastic potential.

P. 231

ISAEV A.B., KHALABI S.M., ALNADFA A.
ALGORITHM FOR BIAS OF COEFFICIENTS OF LINEAR AND PARABOLIC REGRESSION RELATIONSHIPS OBTAINED USING CONVENTIONAL LEAST SQUARE METHOD IN METROLOGICAL CERTIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTATION
Metrological certification of calibration instruments cannot neglect inaccuracy of calibration instruments as it is comparable to the inaccuracy of the instruments under certification. This fact causes considerable bias (systematic inaccuracy) of estimates obtained using the conventional least square method. In terms of the linear and parabolic approximating regressional relationships, the analytical expressions are derived for quantitative estimation of bias of values obtained by the conventional least square method for the parameters of the regressional relationships as functions of allowable random error in measurement of input variable (input signal). The author introduces predefined upper limits for bias of the parameters of linear and parabolic recovering functional regressional relationships.
Key words:
regressional relationships, least square method estimates, estimation bias, allowable inaccu-racy of independent (input) variable measurements.

P. 237

LAN TIANWEI, ZHANG HONGWEI, LI SHENG, TANG GUOSHUI, HAN JUN, SONG WEIHUA, BATUGIN А.С., BATUGINA I.М.
STUDY ON COAL AND GAS OUTBURST REGIONAL PREDICTION BY PATTERN RECOGNITION
Multi factor pattern recognition model has been built, and probability prediction criterion for coal and gas outburst has been identified after finding out the relationship between influence factors and danger of coal and gas outburst. Multi factor pattern recognition method is based on the result of geo-dynamic division and spatial data management, combining with neural network and fuzzy reasoning method, which is used to divide the danger area, the threatened area and safety area. According to this method, coal and gas outburst danger can be estimated, and gas disaster forecast accuracy has been improved.
Key words:
coal and gas outburst, regional forecast, multi factor pattern recognition, outburst danger area.

P. 243

NIKOLAEV P.V., SHUPLIK M.N.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF ARTIFICIAL GROUND FREEZING WITH USING SOLID CARBON DIOXIDE
This article presents a method of mathematical modeling artificial ground freezing process in software package COMSOL Multiphysics. According to the results of laboratory research were obtained the dependencies of heat flow to freezing column filled with solid carbon dioxide. This data dependencies was included in the mathematical model, as result it allowed accurately predict the results of experiments for single freeze pipe and a group of freeze pipes. Based on this, we suggest that this method may be used in the design of artificial ground freezing. Mathematical modeling allows designer to define all the necessary parameters of freezing: freeze time; consumption of solid carbon dioxide; total amount of carbon dioxide;, the shape of icewall with possible influence of heat sources (heating system, pipes, etc.). Thus, the presented method opens up opportunities for designers to expand the practice of introducing new solid carbon dioxide freezing methods.
Key words:
artificial ground freezing; solid carbon dioxide; dry ice; ground improvement; mathematical modeling.

P. 252

PANKRATENKO A.N., NGUYEN QUANG HUY, SAMAL’ A.S., BEGALINOV A.B., AMANTOLOV D.B.
MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF INFLUENCE OF MICROTUNNELING BY PUNCHING ON STRESS STATE OF ENCLOSING ROCK MASS AND ON SUPPORT OF EXISTING TUNNEL
An approach to the prediction of stress state and assessing the strength of a circular tunnel lining and the surrounding rock mass under construction near the production used by the micro-tunneling technology. The basis of this method is necessary analytical solution of the corresponding plane problem of elasticity theory.
Key words:
tunnel construction, microtunneling, stress strain state of rocks lining tunnel.



EXPLOSIVE WORK


P. 259

LYASHENKO V.I., KISLYY B.P., ALEKHIN A.I.
ENHANCEMENT OF BLASTING EFFICIENCY IN MINES
The article reports basic research findings and working knowledge on enhancement of blasting efficiency by intensifying operating procedure due to use of the new-generation high-productive charging machines designed by the experts in industry and the leading research centers. Experience on mechanization of blasting using ecology-friendly trotyl-free emulsion explosives in drivage and actual mining in Ukraine, which has found yet seldom application, is described.
Key words:
underground mining, occupational safety, blasting, emulsion explosives, operating efficiency.



ECOLOGY


P. 269

BYKADOROV A.I., LARICHKIN P.M., SVIRKO S.V., YAGUNOVA O.A.
ANALYSIS OF DYNAMICS OF FLOODING IN MINE CONSERVATION IN KUZBASS
There are two main methods of mine conservation in Kuzbass. The first of them is a completely flooding to spouting point, which is called «wet method». The second way of conservation («combined method») is a supporting the groundwater level at a certain point, which is determined by the conditions of exception flows to adjacent operating mines as a rule. The 15 flooding mines of Kuzbass are reviewed. There are regular measurements of groundwater level from the beginning of their liquidation in these mines. The periods of the active process of flooding (from the beginning to the moment when the level of the floodwaters rosed the surface aquifers and the process of flooding took protracted, or to special mark point when pumping-out started in the flooded mine) are analyzed. The results of the analysis reveals that the conservations of the mines in Kuzbass by «wet» and «combined» methods are specified by large fluctuations in the velocity of flooding, the analysis of variance of which can be produced by using methods of the theory of random functions. The groups of flooding mines are defined by speed’s characters of flooding. The method and the results of the analysis of variance of the speeds of flooding are given. The regularity of the speed of the flooding new mines is revealed by analysis of all performed measurements. This regularity has exponential character with defined parameters and can be used for flooding predictions.
Key words:
mine, conservation, the speed of flooding, the dynamics of the flooding process, correlation function, analysis.

P. 277

KRYLOV D.A., SIDOROVA G.P.
WAYS REDUCE THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ENVIRONMENTAL COAL PLANTS RUSSIA
The data given show that Russian coal plants are a source of trace elements and radionuclides contamination of the environment. This is due to the concentration of trace elements and radionuclides in ash and slag dumps TPP and in air emissions of fly ash thermal power plants.
To reduce the effects of trace elements and radionuclides needs a well-organized control, as the content of trace elements and radionuclides in coal and in ash waste and emissions of fly ash thermal power plants.
Significantly reduce the environmental impact of coal-fired plants on the environment is possible only with the introduction of innovative clean technologies in the electricity and coal processing. The Energy Strategy of Russia for the period up to 2030 is planned to increase the introduction of new environmentally friendly and highly efficient coal combustion technologies. This should dramatically decrease the environmental impact on the environment coal-fired plants in Russia.
Key words:
coal, trace elements and radionuclides in coal, fly ash thermal power plants, emissions from thermal power plants, the impact on the environment and human health harmful impurities coal plants.

P. 286

YAKOVLEV V.L., LAPTEV YU.V., YAKOVLEV A.M.
METHODS QUALITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS GEOMETRIZATION GUSEVOGORSKOYE DEPOSIT OF TITANIUM ORES
In this article is described a method of qualitative characteristics geometrization Gusevogorskoye field titanomagnetite ores using geo-information tools for improving allocation of technological types of minerals in order to increase the recovery of valuable components.
Key words:
quality management, geometrization, GIS software, surpac, titanomagnetite ore deposit Gusevogorskoye.

P. 297

KALININ S.I., PUDOV E.YU., KUZIN E.YU.
PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION OF GPR TO DETERMINE THE CONDITION OF THE ROOF SHAFT WORKINGS
The possibility of using GPR equipment to determine the state of the roof of underground workings. Are examples of survey roofing shaft workings at the presence of the fracture, moisture saturation and other parameters.
Key words:
GPR, roofing, underground workings, condition, fracture, geophysical research methods.

P. 300

VENKOVA Y.A., KRAPIVSKY E.I.
STUDY OF THE STRESS STATE INFLUENCE ON INDUCED PIPELINES MAGNETIC FIELD
The paper studies the correlation of the steel pipe mechanical stresses with its magnetic field parameters. Stress states in the pipe metal can lead to the serious accidents, but they are difficult diagnosed at the predestruction stage. This question was studied by different authors, in particular Aginey R.V. [1] Kuleev V.G. [5, 6], Lopatin V.V. [5]. During the experiment on Mining University basis, and the calculation in the software package ANSYS MAGNETOSTATIC 15.0 authors obtained three mutually orthogonal components of the magnetic induction distribution graphs of unloaded and loaded horizontal or slightly inclined steel pipe placed in a magnetic field of the Earth. The data are in good qualitative correlation with the calculated distribution of the stray fields of the magnetization, previously obtained by other authors [5]. It was found that the dependence of the field strength are complex and increasing load leads increasing of the extrema absolute values. The results can be used to magnetograms interpretation obtained by diagnostic examination of pipelines, determining stress states in the metal pipe, and good agreement of the magnetic induction experimental and calculated values enables the use of ANSYS MAGNETOSTATIC to calculate the magnetic field distribution under loading in more complex cases, than considered in this article.
Key words:
stress stage, pipeline, coercive force, magnetic induction, diagnostic, pipeline, ANSYS.

P. 306

POPOV S.M., KOZLOV O.V.
METHODOLOGICAL BASIS FOR THE ORGANIZATION OF INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR THE PROTECTION OF THE ATMOSPHERIC AIR IN THE UNDERGROUND TECHNOSPHERE CITY
The development of large cities, accompanied by serial deterioration in ambient air has determined the need to develop effective measures for the protection of the technosphere environment based on advanced achievements of scientific-technical progress.
However, in contrast to well-established public opinion, modern scientific data show that in closed spaces surface and underground infrastructure of the city air pollution can be dozens of times higher than outside. In the early 1950-ies found that allergies and other chronic diseases linked to air pollution indoors.
Today, people living in cities of developed countries in the world spend most of their lives indoors. Therefore, the increase in time of exposure to air pollutants causes an increase in the number and severity of allergic reactions.
In the result of the research conducted in the air atmosphere of the Moscow residential and public buildings found about a hundred of inorganic and organic chemical compounds belonging to different classes of risk. Among the volatile chemical compounds found in the air more often than others, the most toxic formaldehyde, phenol, benzene, styrene, ethylbenzene, toluene, xylene, aldehydes, acetone, ammonia, ethyl acetate, oxides of nitrogen, oxides of carbon. In addition, in the air of buildings contains aerosols of heavy metals: lead, cadmium, mercury, zinc, Nickel, magnesium, chromium and other
The article presents the results of the development of the fundamental principles of the organization of activities for the protection of the atmosphere underground technosphere cities. Typed the impacts of pollution technosphere atmosphere on the results of the various economic activities in the underground space of the metropolis. The dependence of the magnitude of the damages and costs for different types of product
Mining World Russia
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