Characteristics of geoecological local conditions for the construction of communications to ensure the transit of products from extractive industries

The sale of extractive industries products on the international market is important not only for the development of mining enterprises, but also for replenishing budgets at various levels and solving social employment problems, which will be particularly important in the post-crisis period. Currently, the state has two main tasks for the coal industry: increasing exports and reducing the negative impact on the environment of mining and transportation processes, including coal transshipment at ports. The creation of new Russian transit sea communications in the face of the loss of a number of ports in the Baltic States will increase the volume of cargo transportation between Russia, Asia and Europe. In these conditions, the geo-ecological safety of port terminals for the transit of products from extractive industries is of particular importance. At the same time, such security involves preventing and reducing the negative impact on all components of the natural environment, including the conservation of animal and plant life, biota in General for the sustainable development of territories. The Economics of nature management or ecological Economics up to now gives very approximate and insufficiently objective economic estimates of the reproduction of plants and animals, so the first stage of such an assessment is a characteristic of local environmental conditions and bioresources in the areas of construction of transit communications. Study on the impact of new facilities on biological resources deepen and expand scientific understanding of geoecologically security. The article provides a brief description of the flora and fauna and their possible losses in the area of the projected universal commercial port terminal, which, among other things, transports and transits coal.

Keywords: environmental safety, environmental impact assessment, bioresources, natural resources, sustainable development of territories.
For citation:

Goncharova A.R., Stoyanova I.A. Characteristics of geoecological local conditions for the construction of communications to ensure the transit of products from extractive industries. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6-1):163-175. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-14932020-61-0-163-175.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 6
Year: 2020
Page number: 163-175
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK:
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-61-0-163-175
Article receipt date: 11.03.2020
Date of review receipt: 13.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.05.2020
About authors:

Goncharova A.R., first Deputy General Director limited liability Company «Сargo company «Novotrans», Leningradsky prospect, 44a, Moscow, 3125167, e-mail: a.goncharova@ novotrans.com, Russia;
Stoyanova I.A., professor of the Department of industrial strategy, e-mail: mgoagn@mail.ru, National university of science and technology «MISIS», Russia.

 

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