On the issue of ecological rehabilitation of the natural ecosystem disturbed during the development of the Kolyvan deposit

In the areas where enterprises operating in the extractive sector of the economy operate, multifactor, often time-varying, types of technogenic impact on the biosphere arise. Deep quarrying after coal mining, which radically changes the initial landscapes, require significant funds to restore the ecological balance of the territory. In order to accelerate rehabilitation measures within the boundaries of an ecosystem that was disturbed during the development of the Kolyvan deposit, an approach to organizing combined flooding of mining and creating a multi-use reservoir was proposed. To reduce the time of the formation of the reservoir, it is recommended that the M. Elbash River and the Krutikha River be diverted to the developed space with further organization of release into the Krutikha riverbed. In order to avoid erosion of the quarry side wall, made up of Quaternary sediments, it was proposed to provide water inlet to the quarry at existing motor ramps, bypassing the boundary of the Quaternary sediments. Since the considered decisions on the rehabilitation of the territory can have a negative impact on aquatic biological resources, an assessment of the alleged damage has been carried out, on the basis of which compensatory measures for restoring biodiversity are provided.

Keywords: opencast mining, disturbed lands, quarry reclamation, formation of a reservoir, calculation of environmental damage, rehabilitation of the biodiversity, reforestation.
For citation:

Kornilkov S.V., Antoninova N.Yu., Shubina L.A., Sobenin A.V. On the issue of ecological rehabilitation of the natural ecosystem disturbed during the development of the Kolyvan deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(3-1):465-474. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2020-31-0-465-474.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 3
Year: 2020
Page number: 465-474
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-31-0-465-474
Article receipt date: 21.11.2019
Date of review receipt: 13.03.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.03.2020
About authors:

Kornilkov S.V.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Chief Researcher,
Antoninova N.Yu.1,2, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), the head of laboratory mining ecology, e-mail:geoeco@ igduran.ru,
Shubina L.A.1, researcher,
Sobenin A.V.1, junior researcher,
1 The Institute of Mining of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620075, Ekaterinburg, Russia,
2 Ural State Mining University, Kuibyshev Str., 30, Ekaterinburg, 620014, Russia.

 

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