Kinetic model of ferrous iron oxidation with acidophil chemo-trophylitic microorganisms (review)

Authors: Хайнасова Т. С.

Investigations into the bio-geo-technology of metals have been carried out for a few decades. With large bulk of data collected, researchers focus on intensification of chemical-engineering processes, design of high-production equipment and improvement of quality of existing practices. To this effect, the method of mathematical modeling is used among other things. The diversity of chemical, biological, electrochemical and operational features, as well as nonlinearity of metal extraction in the bio-leaching environment complicates modeling of such systems. Ferrous iron oxidation with acidophil chemo-trophylitic microorganisms—a critical reaction in the bacterial–chemical leaching of sulfide ore. This article gives a brief review of the existing mathematical models describing the kinetics of the said reaction and the specific velocity of the biomass growth. The equations take into account influence of such factors as ferrous iron, cells of bacteria, temperature, рН, gas content, type of bioreactor, as well as the inhibitory action of ferric iron and other metals (zinc, nickel). It s shown that the majority of the existing models are based on the kinetics of enzymatic reaction, and are represented by modifications of the Michaelis–Menten and Monod equations. Despite the abundant research in the given scientific area, no integrated model including all nuance of oxidation yet exists.

Keywords: Bioleaching, biooxidation, ferrous iron, oxidation rate, rate of growth of microorganisms, kinetic models, mathematical modeling, acidophil chemo-trophylitic microorganisms.
For citation:

Khainasova TS. Kinetic model of ferrous iron oxidation with acidophil chemo-trophylitic microorganisms (review). MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(12):191-204. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-191-204.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 12
Year: 2019
Page number: 191-204
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 579.66:51-7
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-191-204
Article receipt date: 05.10.2019
Date of review receipt: 29.10.2019
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 11.11.2019
About authors:

T.S. Khainasova, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Senior Researcher,
e-mail: khainasova@yandeх.ru,
Geotechnological Scientific Research Center,
Far Eastern Brunch of Russian Academy of Sciences,
683002, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Russia.

For contacts:

T.S. Khainasova, 
e-mail: khainasova@yandeх.ru

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