Conceptual model for minimizing the risk of water pollution in the Kemerovo region

One of the problems of functioning of coal industry enterprises is the formation of mine waters, which are discharged into water bodies and cause their dangerous pollution. The total volume of water pumped by the enterprise includes up to 15 % for the recycling cycle, the remaining 85% is discharged to surface water bodies. As a result, the ecological balance of coal regions is disturbed, their sanitary and hygienic state on the environment worsens, and the quality of coal is reduced due to the intake of polluted water for technological operations. The volume of mine water contamination increases during mining operations at deeper horizons and in difficult mining and hydrogeological conditions. In turn, this leads to pollution and depletion of underground aquifers and the formation of environmental risk factors. In Kuzbass, all these factors contribute to the development of water crisis, since the state of surface reservoirs has already reached a critical limit. Especially dangerous is the process of liquidation of mines. Closing mines and sections disrupt natural water flows, resulting in all water from the aquifers going to deeper horizons. More pollutants enter the water, which poison the underground hydrosphere of the regions. The paper analyzes the pollutants entering the underground and surface hydro grid at coal-fired plants and offers a Conceptual model for minimizing the risk of water pollution.

Keywords: pollution, mine water, coal mine, hydro-chemical monitoring, conceptual model.
For citation:

Kulikova E.Yu., Sergeeva Ju.A. Conceptual model for minimizing the risk of water pollution in the Kemerovo region. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6-1):107-118. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-61-0-107-118.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 6
Year: 2020
Page number: 107-118
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 502/504 (571.17)
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-61-0-107-118
Article receipt date: 11.03.2020
Date of review receipt: 06.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.05.2020
About authors:

Kulikova Е.Yu., Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Prof., Department «Safety and Ecology of Mining», fragrante@mail.ru, National university of science and technology «MISIS», Russia;
Sergeeva Ju.A., Head of the Environmental Protection Department of, e-mail: sergeevaya@ suek.ru, JSC «SUEK», Russia.

For contacts:
Bibliography:

1. Doklad o sostoyanii I okhrane okruszhayuschei sredy Kemerovskoy oblasti v 2018 [Report on the state and protection of the environment of the Kemerovo region in 2018]. Kemerovo. 2019 [In Russ]

2. Ob utverzhdenii gosudarstvenno y programmy Kemerovskoy oblasti [Approval of the Kemerovo region Kuzbass state program “Ecology, subsoil use and rational water use” for 2017—2024 (as amended on December 23, 2019)]. Board of administration of the Kemerovo region. Resolution of September 16, 2016. no. 362 [In Russ] [

3. Popov A.A., Khoroshilova L.S. Influence of negative factors on the ecosystem of Kuzbass. Bulletin of the scientific center for work safety in the coal industry. no. 11, 2011. P. 5—8 [In Russ] [In Russ]

4. Popova D.S. Environmental problems of coal-mining regions of Russia. International journal of applied and fundamental research, 2017, no. 8 (part 1), pp. 126—131. [In Russ]

5. Efimov V.I., Lermontov Yu.S., Sidorov R.V., Korchagina T.V. Ecological consequences of the closure of mines in Kuzbass and their monitoring). Earth science. Issue 4. pp. 4—12 [In Russ]

6. Gavrishin A.I. Formation patterns of the chemical composition of mine waters in Eastern Donbas. Doklady Earth Sciences. 2018. Т. 481. no. 1. Pp. 916—917.

7. Runtti H., Tolonen E.T., Tuomikoski S., Lassi U., Luukkonen T. How to tackle the stringent sulfate removal requirements in mine water treatment-a review of potential methods. Environmental Research. 2018. Т. 167. pp. 207—222.

8. Arefieva O.D., Shapkin N.P., Gruschakova N.V., Prokuda N.A. Mine water: chemical composition and treatment. Water Practice and Technology. 2016. Т. 11. no. 3. pp. 540—546.

9. Pelipenko M.V., Balovtsev S.V., Aynbinder I.I. Integrated accident risk assessment in mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 11, pp. 180—192. DOI: 10.25018/0236— 1493-2019-11-0-180-192. [In Russ]

10. Balovtsev S.V., Shevchuk R.V. Geomechanical monitoring of mine shafts in difficult ground conditions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. 8, pp. 77—83. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-8-0-77-83. [In Russ]

11. Balovtsev S.V., Skopintseva O.V., Kolikov K.S. Aerological risk management in designing, operation, closure and temporary shutdown of coal mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6):85—94. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-6-0-85-94. [In Russ]

12. Ecologitcheskie problem Kemerovskoy oblasti [Environmental problems of the Kemerovo region]. Digest 2017, 2018 [In Russ]

13. Lebedev V.S., Skopintseva, O.V. Residual coalbed gas components: Composition, content, hazard. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2017, no. 4, pp. 84—86. DOI: 10. 17580/gzh.2017.04.17. [In Russ]

14. Gubina N.A., Ylesin M.A., Karmanovskaya N.V Ways to increase the productivity and quality of mine water treatment. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism. 2018. Т. 9. no. 3 (27). pp. 423—427.

15. Palihakkara C.R., Dassanayake S., Jayawardena C., Senanayake I.P. Floating wetland treatment of acid mine drainage using eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth). Journal of Health and Pollution. 2018. Т. 8. no. 17. pp. 14—19.

16. Informatsionno-tekhnicheskiy spravochnik po nailuchshim dostupnym tekhnologiyam [Information and technical reference on the best available technologies]. Rosstandart, 2020 [In Russ]

17. Kulikova E. Yu. Mechanism of risk management in urban underground construction. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. . 2006. pp. 32—35 [In Russ]

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.