Evaluation of environmental impact of mining waste using GIS technologies

Authors: Усиков В. И., Липина Л. Н., Александров А. В., Корнеева С. И.

Mineral mining is one of the critical environmental impacts. This problem is of particular concern at the objects put out of service as they are uncontrolled. This article, in terms of a tailings pond of the Central concentration mill of Solnechny Mining and Processing Plant in the Komsomolsk tin district, describes construction of an integrated model based on interpretation of satellite images, digital terrain model with STRTM03 elevation matrix draped with Landsat8 image and the calculated parameters of chemical contamination propagation in the local area. The features of the contamination propagation are estimated. For the Low Amur industrial district, the aspects of mining waste formation and environmental impact are discussed. The ways of dealing with ecological and safety problems in the region are shown. It is proposed to introduce new technologies of efficient waste and recycling water treatment with ecologically safe agents at the mining and processing plants. In mining and processing waste management, it is natural to assume mining waste as a new resource of subsoil potential maintenance and alteration for further utilization. In both districts discussed, the geoecological errors of infrastructure planning are revealed, and the suggestions on their prevention in the future are made.

Keywords: Environment, mining waste, tailings pond, GIS technologies, satellite images, modeling, ecological safety, heavy metals.
For citation:

Usikov V. I., Lipina L. N., Alexandrov A. V., Korneeva S. I. Evaluation of environmental impact of mining waste using GIS technologies. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(12):114-126. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-114-126.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 12
Year: 2019
Page number: 114-126
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 574:004
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-114-126
Article receipt date: 07.02.2019
Date of review receipt: 02.10.2019
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 11.11.2019
About authors:

V.I. Usikov1, Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Senior Researcher,
e-mail: v-i-usikov@yandex.ru,
L.N. Lipina1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Researcher,
e-mail: geo-lipina@rambler.ru,
Pacific National University, 680035, Khabarovsk, Russia,
A.V. Alexandrov1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Leading Researcher,
е-mail: IGDALEX@rambler.ru,
S.I. Korneeva1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Researcher,
e-mail: s-korneeva@mail.ru,
1 Mining Institute, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences,
680000, Khabarovsk, Russia.

For contacts:

L.N. Lipina, e-mail: geo-lipina@rambler.ru.

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