Prospects of peat development in the Arctic and Subarctic zones of Russia

The vital infrastructure of Russia’s Arctic and Subarctic, in view of severe nature and climate, consumes much energy sources, mostly, coal shipped from central Russia by water transport via the Northern Sea Route (2–3 thousand kilometers) in summer. This raises the cost 3–4 times. A good alternative to the imported fuel is local peat. The principal consumer of peat as a fuel can be the Verkhoyansk Region in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), which is the subject of research. This article describes the promising deposits of peat in this region, peat occurrence conditions and possible production output. The scope of the discussion embraces the most popular methods of peat production: milling, hydraulic, dredging, scraper–elevator, cutting, milling-and-forming, shoveling, etc., with field curing and harvesting. However, because of high bogginess of the tundra zone, the listed methods of peat production are unusable. In this regard, the most promising approach is winter production of frozen peat with preliminary monitoring of the frozen thickness by ground penetrating radar. The earlier studies into the temperature conditions of the active soil layers, including peat beds, are presented. The chosen technology will ensure maximum preservation of landscape and ecological safety.

Keywords: Arctic and Subarctic zones, peat beds, permafrost, mining methods, temperature conditions, seasonally frozen layer, yearly average temperature and precipitation, ground penetrating radar, winter production.
For citation:

Zarovnyaev B. N., Popov V. F., Shubin G. V., Budikina M. E., Sokolova M. D. Prospects of peat development in the Arctic and Subarctic zones of Russia. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6):168-177. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-6-0-168-177.

Issue number: 6
Year: 2020
Page number: 168-177
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.271.7
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-6-0-168-177
Article receipt date: 27.01.2020
Date of review receipt: 06.03.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.05.2020
About authors:

B.N. Zarovnyaev1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail:,
V.F. Popov1, Assistant Professor, e-mail:,
G.V. Shubin1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:,
M.E. Budikina1, Assistant of Chair, e-mail:,
M.D. Sokolova, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Institute of Oil and Gas Problems, Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia,
1 M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, 678000, Yakutsk, Russia.


For contacts:

B.N. Zarovnyaev, e-mail:


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