Prospects for production of smokeless fuel briquettes from coal from open pit mines in Kazakhstan

The article discusses the common methods of manufacture of fuel briquettes, reviews the major coal fields in Kazakhstan and reports the outcome of experimental studies into production of smokeless fuel briquettes by thermal oxidative charring of coal with subsequent compression of the char. It is shown that coal from most Kazakhstan surface mines is a highgrade and available feedstock for production of smokeless fuel briquettes without binders. The benefits of the proposed approach consist in preliminary thermal treatment of coal, which is an autothermal and energy-saving process as against conventional thermal treatment techniques. Coals from Kuu-Chek, Borly, Sary Adyr, Ekibastuz, Shubarkol and Maikube feature low caking ability and volatile component, which enables their low-temperature coking in discontinuous operation vessels. Thermal treatment removes the most of toxic compounds, which makes such fuel ecologically harmful as compared with consumption coal burning in domestic furnace plants. The experimental briquettes have calorific capacity not less than 5100 kcal/kg and ash content of 21–30%. Due to lower volatile matter yield, no smoke is observed in burning of such briquettes, which allows ranking this product as ecologically safe smokeless fuel of high useful quality.

Keywords: smokeless fuel, power-generating coal, coal mining and conversion waste, thermal oxidative pyrolysis, semi-coke, briquetting, vessel, ecological pureness.
For citation:

Kim S. V., Bogoyavlenskaya O. A., Kudarinov S. Kh., Orlov A. S., Orlova V. V. Prospects for production of smokeless fuel briquettes from coal from open pit mines in Kazakhstan. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(9):147-158. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2020-9-0-147-158.

Acknowledgements:

The studies on the theme: Smokeless Fuel Production Technology and Pilot Coal Caking Installation Design was supported in the framework of Target Program O. 0787 (2018–2020). Unique Registration Number: BR05236708.

Issue number: 9
Year: 2020
Page number: 147-158
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 662.732:662.8
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-9-0-147-158
Article receipt date: 11.07.2019
Date of review receipt: 27.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.08.2020
About authors:

S.V. Kim1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Head of Laboratory, e-mail: sergey_kim@inbox.ru,
O.A. Bogoyavlenskaya1, Senior Researcher, e-mail: o-bogoyavlenskay@mail.ru,
S.Kh. Kudarinov1, Senior Researcher, e-mail: kudarinovs@mail.ru,
A.S. Orlov1, Master of Technical Sciences, Junior Researcher, e-mail: wolftailer@mail.ru,
V.V. Orlova1, Master of Technical Sciences, Junior Researcher, e-mail: vera_v09@mail.ru,
1 Zh. Abishev Chemical Metallurgical Institute, Karaganda, 100009, Kazakhstan.

For contacts:

O.A. Bogoyavlenskaya, e-mail: o-bogoyavlenskay@mail.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Bazhin V. Yu., Kuskov V. B., Kuskova Ya. V. Problems of the use of unclaimed coal and other carbon-containing materials as energy briquettes. Ugol'. 2019, no 4 (1117), pp. 50—54. [In Russ].

2. Massaro M. M., Son S. F., Groven L. J. Thermal and mechanical analysis of briquetted coal fines using municipal solid waste. 29-ya Yezhegodnaya mezhdunarodnaya konferentsiya po Pittsburgskomu uglyu. Т. 2. [29 Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference. Vol. 2], Pittsburgh, 2012, pp. 1288—1301.

3. Lishtvan I. I., Falyushin P. L., Dudarchik V. M., Kozhurin V. N., Anufriyeva E. V. Pyrolysis of brown coal from the Brinevsky deposit of the Republic of Belarus. Khimiya tverdogo topliva. 2009, no 3, pp. 19—25.

4. Maloletnev A. S., Gyul'maliyev A. M., Mazneva O. A. The chemical composition of the distillate fractions of coal tar of OJSC Altaikoks. Khimiya tverdogo topliva. 2014, no 1, pp. 12—22. [In Russ].

5. Khrustaleva G. K., Medvedeva G. A. Modern directions and methods of environmentally friendly use of coal in Russia and abroad. Razvedka i okhrana nedr. 2006, no 11, pp. 33—39. [In Russ].

6. Matuszek K., Hrycko P., Stelmach S., Sobolewski A. Carbonaceous smokeless fuel and modern small-scale boilers limiting the residential emission. Part 1. General aspects. Przemysl Chemiczny. 2016. Vol. 95. No 2. Pр. 223—227.

7. Matuszek K., Hrycko P., Stelmach S., Sobolewski A. Carbonaceous smokeless fuel and modern small-scale boilers limiting the residential emission. Part 2. Experimental tests of a new carbonaceous smokeless fuel. Przemysl Chemiczny. 2016. Vol. 95. No 2. Pр. 228—230.

8. Nikolaeva L. A. Development and structural studies of agglomerates from coal waste. Otkhody i resursy. 2017, vol. 4, no 4. https://resources.today/PDF/06RRO417.pdf DOI: 10.15862/06RRO417.

9. Yevstifeyev E. N. New technology for the production of domestic smokeless fuel. Mezhdunarodnyy zhurnal prikladnykh i fundamental'nykh issledovaniy. 2011, no 6, pp. 51—53. [In Russ].

10. Ivanov I. P. Polucheniye briketirovannogo i bezdymnogo topliva izkansko-achinskikh ugley s ispol'zovaniyem biosvyazuyushchikh. [Production of briquetted and smokeless fuel from Kansko-Achinsk coal using biocoupling], Candidate’s thesis, Krasnoyarsk: IKHKHT SO RAN, 1998, 20 p.

11. Nifontov Yu. A. Nauchnye osnovy sozdaniya resursosberegayushchikh tekhnologiy ispol'zovaniya otkhodov dobychi i pererabotki ugley Pechorskogo basseyna. [Scientific basis for the creation of resource-saving technologies in the use of waste from the extraction and processing of coal from the Pechora basin], Doctor’s thesis, Saint-Petersburg, 2000, 308 p.

12. Nikolayeva L. A., Popov S. N. Binding compositions for briquetting brown coal wastes. Izvestiya vysshikh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Gornyy zhurnal. 2013, no 3, pp. 127—132. [In Russ].

13. Nwabue F. I., Unah U., Itumoh E. J. Production and characterization of smokelessbiocoalbriquettesin corporating plastic waste materials. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2017. Vol. 8. Pp. 233—245.

14. Fomin A. P., Enik G. I., Maymur B. N. Factors of the process of thermal briquetting of dense brown coals. Khimiya tverdogo topliva. 1993, no 5, pp. 71—77. [In Russ].

15. Kulagin R. A., Kulagin O. R. Preparation of brown coal briquetting without binder. Energeticheskaya bezopasnost' Rossii. Novyye podkhody k razvitiyu ugolnoy promyshlennosti: sbornik trudov XVI Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Russia's Energy Security. New approaches to the development of the coal industry. Proceedings of the XVI International scientific-practical conference], Kemerovo, 2014, pp. 277. [In Russ].

16. BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2015 [Electronic resource]. Mode of access: http://www.bp.com/content/dam/bp/pdf/energy-economics/statistical-review-2015 (accessed 23.08.2018).

17. Venzhega R. V. The coal industry of China and the CIS countries: Problems of functioning in the context of modern challenges. Economy of Industry. 2016. Vol. 2. No 74. С. 91—123.

18. Yedil'bayev A.I., Chokin K. S., Muzgina V. S., Strakhov V. M., Surovtseva I. V. Coal from Kazakhstan for the direct reduction of iron. Koks i khimiya. 2013, no 9, pp. 20—27. [In Russ].

19. Kolyshkina T.A., Koroleva A. A. Economic aspects of the development of the coal industry in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Prirodnyye i intellektualnyye resursy Sibiri: sbornik nauchnykh trudov XVI Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii [Natural and intellectual resources of Siberia. Proceedings of the XVI International scientific-practical conference]. Kemerovo, 2016, pp. 75—76. [In Russ].

20. Syskov K. I., Mashenkov O. N. Termookislitel'noye koksovaniye ugley. [Thermal-oxidative coking of coal]. Moscow, Metallurgiya, 1973, 176 p.

21. Kim V.A., Akhmerov M.ZH., Nadyrbekov A. K. Industrial tests of the technology of thermooxidative coking of Shubarkol coal. Promyshlennost Kazakhstana. 2001, no 2, pp. 101—103. [In Russ].

22. Kim S. V., Kudarinov S. Kh., Orlova V. V., Orlov A. S., Bogoyavlenskaya O. A. Application for an invention (patent) KZ 2019/0933.1, 19.12.2019.

23. Metody opredeleniya vlagi. GOST 27314-91 (ISO 589-81) [Moisture determination methods, State Standart 27314-91 (ISO 589-81)], Moscow, Standarty, 1992, 10 p.

24. Toplivo tverdoe mineral'noe. Metody opredeleniya vykhoda letuchikh veshchestv. GOST 6382-2001 (ISO 562-1-97) [Solid mineral fuel. Methods for determining the yield of volatile substances, State Standart 6382-2001 (ISO 562-1-97)], Moscow, Standarty, 2002, 14 p.

25. Toplivo tverdoe mineral'noe. Metody opredeleniya zol'nosti. GOST 11022-95 [Solid mineral fuel. Methods for determining ash content, State Standart 11022-95], Moscow, Standarty, 1996, 8 p.

26. Toplivo tverdoe. Metody opredeleniya khimicheskogo sostava zoly. GOST 10538-87 (ST SEV 5776-86) [Solid fuel. Methods for determining the chemical composition of ash. State Standart 10538-87 (ST SAV 5776-86)], Moscow, Standarty, 1987, 15 p.

27. Kim S. V., Kim V.A., Sariev O. R., Kudarinov S. Kh., Bogoyavlenskaya O. A., Orlov A. S., Orlova V. V., Zhdanov A. V. Influence of coal heat treatment parameters on physicalchemical properties of smokeless fuel. Bulletin of the Karaganda University. Chemistry Series. 2018. No 4. Pр. 62—67.

28. Kim S. V., Bogoyavlenskaya O. A., Kudarinov S. Kh., Orlova V. V., Orlov A. S. Application for an invention (patent) KZ 2019/0922.1, 18.12.2019.

29. Vypolneniye ukrupnenno-laboratornykh i opytnykh ispytaniy tekhnologii polucheniya nizkofosforistogo spetskoksa [Implementation of enlarged laboratory and experimental tests of technology for obtaining low-phosphorous special coke]. Report on research. Karaganda, 2013, 46 p. [In Russ].

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.