Risks as a cause of industrial safety inhibition in underground construction

Underground construction is always affected by numerous hazards. The risks degrade safety and longevity of underground structures. The risk analysis shows that the main root causes of risk are the errors and ill-coordinated wok of personnel in construction and operation of an underground facility. The major risks in underground construction are described. The modes of industrial supervision over construction quality are presented. The definition of an accident risk is discussed. The majority of accidents falls at the errors of personnel, both managers and executives. Shortage of skills, lack of coordination, violation of labor discipline and deficiency of control lead to disasters in underground constructions. The required organizational arrangements are developed subject to assessment of underground structure conditions. Mitigation of technical risks should base on advance of protection technologies and equipment to ensure collective safety of workers. Furthermore, it is necessary to improve regulatory system, assessment of the industrial environment condition, mine planning and design methods, etc. Organizationally, risk reduction needs creation of social and psychological climate to motivate personnel to work safely and efficiently, including each individual and the whole company.

Keywords: construction, safety, reliability, assessment, risk, mine personnel, personnel activities, shelteredness, safety criterion.
For citation:

Kulikova E. Yu., Vinogradova O. V. Risks as a cause of industrial safety inhibition in underground construction. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(7):146-154. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-7-0-146-154.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 7
Year: 2020
Page number: 146-154
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622:521
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-7-0-146-154
Article receipt date: 11.03.2020
Date of review receipt: 13.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.06.2020
About authors:

E.Yu. Kulikova1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: fragrante@mail.ru,
O.V. Vinogradova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: sapik@mail.ru,
1 National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.

For contacts:

O.V. Vinogradova, e-mail: sapik@mail.ru.

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