Loss prevention and safety improvement in the mining industry: main directions

Authors: Chmykhalova S.V.

Preventing losses and reducing possible hazards is the most urgent and important task in mining. Implementation of this task occurs throughout the entire life cycle of mining production, starting from the development of project documentation and ending with the stage of modernization or liquidation of spent mining production. For mining production as a dangerous production facility [1], it is necessary to develop a modern methodology for risk assessment, accident identification for subsequent analysis, development and implementation of measures to reduce it in the production process. To solve this problem, the most promising method is the analysis of technogenic risk, which must be developed in relation to mining facilities. methods and means of mining. Mineral resources are part of the natural environment, the impact on the natural environment is provided by technical equipment and technological processes necessary for the extraction of minerals [2]. For risk analysis, mining production must be represented as a complex system consisting of the following subsystems: natural; technological; technical; organizational, social, psychological, etc. This study examines natural and technological risks. For each subsystem, factors affecting the probability of accidents and the amount of expected damage are analyzed, and then measures to reduce the risk are proposed. Risk assessment should be part of a comprehensive approach to business management. A systematic and comprehensive approach to risk assessment will allow you to take possible measures to eliminate (reduce) the risk. A systematic approach to risk assessment helps to prevent losses and improve safety in the mining industry by taking better account of possible situations, identifying those responsible for the risk, prioritizing the urgency of execution, and evaluating the risk justification scale.

Keywords: Risk structure, natural and technical system, analysis, loss prevention, hazard reduction.
For citation:

Chmykhalova S.V. Loss prevention and safety improvement in the mining industry: main directions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6-1):146-153. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2020-61-0-146-153.

Issue number: 6
Year: 2020
Page number: 146-153
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.8
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-61-0-146-153
Article receipt date: 11.03.2020
Date of review receipt: 14.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.05.2020
About authors:

Chmykhalova S.V., Associate Professor, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), tchmy@mail.ru, National university of science and technology «MISIS», Russia.

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