Interaction of risk-based approach and best available technologies in the environmental supervision system for underground coal mining

The volume of coal mining by underground method in the Russian Federation is about 100 million tons annually and has no tendency to decrease. At the same time, with the development of underground mining, there is a constant complication of mining and geological conditions and an increasing negative impact on the environment. Over the past three years, there have been significant changes in the area of state environmental oversight. Some of them are the introduction of a risk-based approach and the best available technologies into the Russian regulatory system. Now it is legislatively established that development, introduction and application of the best available technologies in a life cycle of the coal-mining enterprise can serve as the basis for lowering of a risk category of coal-mining object. In turn, this should encourage the subsoil user to promote and implement environmental policy at their enterprise. In article features of introduction of risk-oriented approach and the best available technologies and an estimation of prospects of introduction of such methods at the underground coal-mining enterprise are considered. As a result of the analysis the hierarchy of relations of modern legislation in the sphere of ecological supervision, coal-mining enterprise, its possibilities on development of the best available technologies and branches of decisions according to the riskoriented approach is presented.

Keywords: risk-based approach, underground coal mining, mine, environmental supervision, best available technologies (BAT), mine environmental policy, environmental management.
For citation:

Grishin V.Yu., Udalova N.P., Manevich P.P. Interaction of risk-based approach and best available technologies in the environmental supervision system for underground coal mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(6-1):46-54. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-61-046-54.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 6
Year: 2020
Page number: 46-54
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.06; 622
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-61-0-46-54
Article receipt date: 11.03.2020
Date of review receipt: 14.04.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.05.2020
About authors:

Grishin V.Yu.1, head of the department of industrial safety and ecology;
Udalova N.P.2, senior lecturer of the Department «Safety and Ecology of Mining»;
Manevich P.P.2, postgraduate student of the Department «Safety and Ecology of Mining», polina.manevich@yandex.ru;
1 Ministry of Energy of the Russian Federation, Russia;
2 National university of science and technology «MISIS», Moscow, Russia.

 

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