Back to search

Combination of leaching technologies with conventional ore processing techniques

The issue of efficiency promotion and optimization of subsoil use toward the complete use of accessed and extracted mineral resources is discussed. The aim of the research is the detailed elaboration of approaches to combining metal production technologies in underground mineral mining. The history of improvement of mining technologies as a framework for the refinement of ore mining and pretreatment processes is described, and the negative aftereffects of the reforms in the 1990s are generalized. As a tool of stabilization of mineral supply in the industry, it is proposed to combine the conventional technologies and the new metal leaching technology. A type design practice is proposed for the methods of improvement of metal leaching in disintegrators–activators. It is emphasized that leaching in disintegrators allows recovery of metals down to a sanitary standard, with elimination of storage of the conventional processing tailings. The problems connected with the strengthening of the mining industry, with the prioritized technological innovation in ore mining and processing, at the enhanced comprehensiveness of metal-bearing raw material use are generalized. A combination flowsheet is proposed for metal recovery at metallurgical plants, in-situ and heap leaching, and metal extraction from tailings in disintegrators is recommended. An idea of combining ore mining and processing methods within a mine field is put forward. An economic model is developed for evaluating efficiency of combining conventional and innovative technologies. It is shown that combination of ore mining and processing technologies is a promising resource for the improved sustainability of mineral supply in the industry. The novelty of the approach is governed by the addition of the technology with a cardinally new process of transition of metals to liquid phase in high-speed mills, with integration of mechanical and chemical energies within a single process, as well in in-situ and heap leaching within a mine field.

Keywords: combination, technology, ore, metals, mining, leaching, disintegrator, recovery, ecology.
For citation:

Valiev N. G. O., Razorenov Yu. I., Golik V. I., Lebzin M. S. Combination of leaching technologies with conventional ore processing techniques. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(4):33-43. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_4_0_33.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 4
Year: 2024
Page number: 33-43
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.55.054:622(470.6)
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_4_0_33
Article receipt date: 12.01.2024
Date of review receipt: 19.02.2024
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.03.2024
About authors:

N.G.O. Valiev1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail: gtf.gd@m.ursmu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5556-2217,
Yu.I. Razorenov2, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Professor, Rector, e-mail: yiri1963@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8171-0749,
V.I. Golik2, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Professor, Moscow Polytechnic University, 107023, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: v.i.golik@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1181-8452,
M.S. Lebzin1, Junior Researcher, e-mail: science@ursmu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5959-135X,
1 Ural State Mining University, 620144, Ekaterinburg, Russia,
2 South Russian State Polytechnic University, 346428, Novocherkassk, Russia.

 

For contacts:

V.I. Golik, e-mail: v.i.golik@mail.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Polovov B. D., Valiev N. G., Kokarev K. V. Features of simulation analysis of the levels of geomechanical risks of mining facilities. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016, no. 12, pp. 8—13. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.12.02.

2. Golik V. I., Komashchenko V. I., Urumova F. M. Raw materials for hardening mixtures for underground ore mining. News of the Tula state university. Sciences of Earth. 2018, no. 2, pp. 232—246. [In Russ].

3. Burmistrov K. V., Ovsyannikov M. P. Validation of open pit stage design in the transition periods of mining at steeply dipping mineral deposits. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. 6, pp. 20—28. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-6-0-20-28.

4. Azev V. A., Popov D. V. Quality management of commercial products in the conditions of development of complex-structured coal deposits. Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2020, no. 5(2), pp. 119—130. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17073/2500-0632-2020-2-119-130.

5. Kachurin N. M., Stas G. V., Korchagina T. V., Zmeev M. V. Geomechanical and aerogasdynamic consequences of undermining the territories of mining allotments of mines of Eastern Donbass. News of the Tula state university. Sciences of Earth. 2017, no. 1, pp. 170—182. [In Russ].

6. Khomenko O. E., Kononenko M. N., Lyashenko V. I. Improving the safety of underground vertical workings. Occupational Safety in Industry. 2021, no. 2, pp. 41—48. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.24000/04092961-2021-2-41-48.

7. Eremeeva Zh. V., Sharipzyanova G. X. Composition of diffusion layers and the influence of the type of activator on the structure of powder materials obtained by diffusion chromosiliconization. Metall technology. 2007, no. 7, pp. 35—37. [In Russ].

8. Golik V. I., Maksimov R. N., Ignatov V. N., Lyashenko Yu. M. Deep utilization of enrichment tailings using mechanochemical technology. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. S25, pp. 61—71. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-6-25-61-71.

9. Kulikova E. Yu., Balovtsev S. V., Skopintseva O. V. Complex estimation of geotechnical risks in mine and underground construction. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2023, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 7—16. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2023-15-1-7-16.

10. Sitorous F., Cilliers J. J., Brito-Parada P. R. Multi-criteria decision making for the choice problem in mining and mineral processing: applications and trends. Expert Systems with Applications. 2018, vol. 121, pp. 393—417. DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2018.12.001.

11. Li J.-G., Zhan K. Intelligent mining technology for an underground metal mine based on unmanned equipment. Engineering. 2018, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 381—391. DOI: 10.1016/j.eng.2018.05.013.

12. Kulikova А. А. A new approach to estimating emissions from mining enterprises, taking into account the carbon footprint. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2023, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 825—832. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2023-15-4-825-832.

13. Razorenov Yu. I., Dzeranov B. V. Parameters of rock structures during underground mining of ores. Structural mechanics of engineering constructions and buildings. 2017, no. 6, pp. 55—67. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.22363/1815-5235-2017-6-55-67.

14. Komashchenko V. I., Dzaparov V. Kh., Dzeranov B. V., Stas G. V. Breaking of ores with borehole charges of a modernized design. Vektor GeoNauk. 2019, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 40—46. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.24411/2619-0761-2019-10031.

15. Dmitrak Yu. V., Tsidaev B. S., Dzaparov V. Kh., Kharebov G. Kh. Mineral resource base of non-ferrous metallurgy in Russia. Vektor GeoNauk. 2019, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 9—18. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.24411/2619-0761-2019-10002.

16. Fernando W. A., Ilankoon I. M., Chong M. N., Syed T. H. Effects of intermittent liquid addition on heap hydrodynamics. Minerals Engineering. 2018, vol. 124, pp. 108—115. DOI: 10.1016/j.mineng. 2018.05.016.

17. Emelyanenko E. A., Radchenko D. N., Lavenkov D. N., Gavrilenko V. V. Joint utilization of enrichment waste during the integrated development of multicomponent ore deposits. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016, no. 12, pp. 87—93. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.12.18.

18. Efimov V. I., Khmelinsky A. A., Mefodiev S. N. Modern approaches to the layout of equipment for coal mining on flat seams. Ugol'. 2019, no. 6(1119), pp. 36—40. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18796/00415790-2019-6-36-40.

19. Bosikov I. I., Klyuev R. V., Silaev I. V., Stas G. V. Comprehensive assessment of formalized ventilation difficultly and technological processes in coal mines. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2023, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 516—527. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2023-15-3-516527.

20. Krupskaya L. T., Orlov A. M., Golubev D. A., Kolobanov K. A., Filatova M. A. Assessment of the environmental hazard of accumulated waste from the processing of mineral raw materials from closed mining enterprises in the Amur region and Primorye. Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2020, no. 5(3), pp. 208—223. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17073/25000632-2020-3-208-223.

21. Golik V. I., Titova A. V. Strengthening the resource base of metallurgy by combining ore mining technologies. Russian Mining Industry Journal. 2018, no. 2, pp. 232—246. [In Russ].

22. Martos V. V. Planning of work on monitoring and assessing the strength of concrete. Construction production. 2020, no. 1, pp. 108—114. [In Russ].

23. Tolvanen A., Pilu E., Juutinen A., Kangas K., Kivinen M., Markovaara-Koivisto M., Naskali A., Salokannel V., Tuulentie S., Similä J. Mining in the Arctic environment. A review from ecological, socioeconomic and legal perspectives. Journal of Environmental Management. 2019, vol. 23, pp. 832—844. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.11.124.

24. Velasquez-Yevenes L., Torres D., Toro N. Leaching of chalcopyrite ore agglomerated with high chloride concentration and high curing periods. Hydrometallurgy. 2018, vol. 181, pp. 215—220. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2018.10.004.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.