Back to search

Justification of technological scheme of work of the complex of extraction and loading equipment and automobile transport in open-pit mining

The paper considers technological schemes for the use of hydraulic backhoe shovels in combination with modern types of automobile transport. This type of extraction and loading equipment in modern open-pit mining is most often used in the development of placer and construction deposits, where tight working space becomes a frequent phenomenon. The study examines modern mass-produced types of open-pit mining equipment that allow to work with different width of the working ramp. The research methods were the study of the technical documentation of the extraction and loading and transport equipment considered in the work, the justification via formulas of the width of the working ramp for the selected complexes of extraction and loading equipment and automobile transport. As a part of the study, the change of the minimum width of the working ramp for hydraulic excavators of the backhoe shovel relation, depending on the transport used, was justificated. The result of the study were the comparison of the obtained average values of the minimum width of the working ramp for different types of vehicles, the justification of the parameters of working ramp with the use of crawler dump with a rotary mechanism. Crawler dump with rotary mechanism has a number of advantages: shortest time of maneuvering, increased surmountable slop, letting this type of vehicle be used in difficult mining conditions and tight working space without productivity loss. The results of the research are relevant and capable of being implemented in mining enterprises developing placer and construction deposits.

Keywords: open-pit mining, extraction and loading equipment, dump truck, crawler dump, hydraulic shovel, working ramp, loading scheme, maneuvering scheme of loading.
For citation:

Loginov E. V., Masalskiy S. S., Petrov K. D. Justification of technological scheme of work of the complex of extraction and loading equipment and automobile transport in openpit mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(9-1):22-34. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_ 1493_2023_91_0_22.

Issue number: 9
Year: 2023
Page number: 22-34
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.271
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_91_0_22
Article receipt date: 02.05.2023
Date of review receipt: 09.08.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.08.2023
About authors:

E.V. Loginov1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3965-0839,
S.S. Masalskiy1, Student, e-mail:,
K.D. Petrov1, Student, e-mail:,
1 Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.


For contacts:

E.V. Loginov, e-mail:


1. Loginov E. V., Masalskiy S. S. Research on technical characteristics of mass-produced models of extraction and loading equipment of various types. Vestnik of Nosov Magnitogorsk State Technical University. 2023, no. 1, vol. 21, pp. 15—23. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18503/19952732-2023-21-1-15-23.

2. Loginov E. V., Volf V. V. Parameters of flow charts for hydraulic backhoe excavation of sand-and-gravel deposits. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 8, pp. 71—84. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_8_0_71.

3. Zhuravlev A. G., Semenkin A. V., Cherepanov V. A., Glebov I. A., Chendyrev M. A. The purpose of developing advanced in-pit crushing and conveying technology for deep open pits. Russian Mining Industry Journal. 2022, no. 1S, pp. 53—62. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.30686/16099192-2022-1S-53-62.

4. Anistratov K. Ju., Lukichev S. V., Isajchenkov A. B. Comparative analysis of the efficiency of using rope and hydraulic excavators. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020, no. 12, pp. 74—78. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2020.12.17.

5. Сherepanov V. A., Zhuravlev A. G. Modern technological and design solutions in mining transport. Problems of Subsoil Use. 2022, no. 4, pp. 75—93. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25635/23131586.2022.04.075.

6. Litvinenko V. S., Petrov E. I., Vasilevskaya D. V., Yakovenko A. V., Naumov I. A., Ratnikov M. A. Assessment of the role of the state in the management of mineral resources. Journal of Mining Institute. 2023, vol. 259, pp. 95—111. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2022.100.

7. Bochkaryov Yu. S., Zyryanov I. V. Improving the efficiency of operation quarry dump trucks on placer deposits in the North conditions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 5-2, pp. 80—90. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_52_0_80.

8. Gogolynskiy K. V., Gromyka D. S., Kremcheev E. A. A modelling of cyclic thermal and impact loads on excavator bucket. International Review of Mechanical Engineering. 2021, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 189—196. DOI: 10.15866/ireme.v15i4.20699.

9. Nikiforov A. V., Anisimov K. A. Modern technologies of the development of diamondiferous deposits. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2023, vol. 334, no. 1, pp. 196—208. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18799/24131830/2023/1/3837.

10. Khazin M. L. Directions of career transport development. Nedropolzovanie. 2021, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 144—150. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.15593/2712-8008/2021.3.7.

11. Fomin S. I., Vinogradov I. P., Lapshin N. S. Determining length of mining front in nonblast open mining of complex structure carbonate deposits. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2020, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 94—98. DOI: 10.36478/jeasci.2020.94.98.

12. Makharatkin P. N., Abdulaev E. K., Vishnyakov G. Yu. , Botyan E. Yu., Pushkarev A. E. Increase of efficiency of dump trucks functioning on the basis of justification of their rational speed by means of simulation modeling. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 6-2, pp. 237—250. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_62_0_237.

13. Sidorov V. V., Kosolapov A. I. Required optimization of process flow designs in open pit mining in the Chernogorsky coal field. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 1, pp. 68—77. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021.

14. Nagovitsyn O. V., Voznyak M. G. Robotic mine management. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 5-1, pp. 326—335. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_326.

15. Fomin S. I., Ivanov V. V. Improving the reliability of opencast system for complex structure ore deposits. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 2018, vol. 9, no. 13, pp. 36—43.

16. Ivanov V. V., Dzjurich D. O. Justification of the parameters of the technological scheme for the development of flooded deposits of building sand. Journal of Mining Institute. 2022, vol. 253, pp. 33—40. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2022.3

17. Loginov E. V. Tyuleneva T. A. Сontrol of quarry parameters to improve the efficiency of hydraulic backhoes. Ugol'. 2022, no. 12, pp. 6—10. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-202112-6-10.

18. Jung T., Raduenz H., Krus P., De Negri V. J., Lee J. Boom energy recuperation system and control strategy for hydraulic hybrid excavators. Automation in Construction. 2022, vol. 135, no. 7, article 104046. DOI: 10.1016/j.autcon.2021.104046.

19. Vedrova D. A., Reshetnyak S. P. Methods to improve the waste rock dumping efficiency and reclamation under the north condition. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2020, vol. 539, no. 1, article 012037. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/539/1/012037.

20. Onifade M., Adebisi J. A., Shivute A. P., Genc B. Challenges and applications of digital technology in the mineral industry. Resources Policy. 2023, vol. 85, part B. DOI: 10.1016/j. resourpol.2023.103978.

21. Yuasa T., Ishikawa M. An optimal design methodology for the trajectory of hydraulic excavators based on genetic algorithm. Journal of Robotics and Mechatronics. 2021, vol. 33, pp. 1248—1254. DOI: 10.20965/jrm.2021.p1248.

22. Strelnikov A. V., Tyulenev M. A. Experience in the use of hydraulic backhoes in the open pits of OAO «UK «Kuzbassrazrezugol». Bulletin of the Kuzbass State Technical University. 2011, no. 2(85), pp. 8—12. [In Russ].

23. Litvin O. I., Litvin Ja. O., Tjulenev M. A. On determining the parameters of bottomhole blocks in the course of mining operations with hydraulic backhoes. Russian Mining Industry Journal. 2021, no. 6, pp. 76—81. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2021-6-76-81.

24. Kholodnyakov G. A., Argimbaev K. R., Reshetnyak S. P. Determining the mine working height for the development of tailing dumps hydraulic excavator backdigger. Journal of Mining Institute. 2012, vol. 195, pp. 138—141. [In Russ].

25. Ligotsky D. N. A review of mining and loading equipment currently used for open pit mining. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2019, vol. 14, no. 19, pp. 7154— 7158. DOI: 10.36478/JEASCI.2019.7154.7158.

26. Boymurodov N. The current state of the study of geomechanical conditions of rock masses with an increase in the depth of open-pit mining. Universum: tehnicheskie nauki. 2022, no. 11-8(104), pp. 4—8.

27. Fomin S. I., Ivanov V. V., Semenov A. S., Ovsyannikov M. P. Incremental open-pit mining of steeply dipping ore deposits. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2020, vol. 11, no. 15, pp. 1306—1311. DOI: jeas_0620_8231.pdf.

28. Pavlovich A. A., Korshunov V. A., Bazhukov A. A., Melnikov N. Ya. Evaluation of the strength of a rock mass in the development of deposits by an open method. Journal of Mining Institute. 2019, vol. 239, pp. 502—509. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2019.5.502.

29. Wang X., Sun H., Feng M., Ren Z., Liu J. Dynamic analysis of working device of excavator under limit digging force. Journal of the Institution of Engineers. 2021, vol. 102, no. 5, pp. 1137—1144. DOI: 10.1007/s400н32-021-00725-4.

30. Lel Yu. I., Glebov I. A. Justification of optimal gradient of steeply inclined ramps for allwheel drive dump trucks used in diamond deposit completion. Russian Mining Industry Journal. 2022, no. 1, pp. 95—99. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2022-1S-95-99.

31. Tarasov P. I., Khazin M. L., Golubev O. V. The evolution of quarry vehicles. Herald of the Ural state university of railway transport. 2021, no. 2, pp. 67—74. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.20291/ 2079-0392-2021-2-67-74.

32. Drebenstedt C., Argimbaev K. R. Korkinsk brown coal open pit as a case study of endogenous fires. International Journal of Engineering, Transactions A: Basics. 2021, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 292—304. DOI: 10.5829/ije.2021.34.01a.32.

33. Li Y., Mu X., Fan R. Multi-objective optimization and simulation of novel working mechanism for face-shovel excavator. International Journal of Intelligent Robotics and Applications. 2021, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1—9. DOI: 10.1007/s41315-020-00160-1.

34. Kurganov V. M., Gryaznov M. V., Kolobanov S. V. Assessment of operational reliability of quarry excavator-dump truck complexes. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020, vol. 241, pp. 10—21. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2020.1.10.

35. Nosov A. A., Karpov G. N., Kovalsky E. R. Features of the technology of forming an artificial mass in the roof rocks above the recovery room. Ugol'. 2023, no. 3, pp. 69—74. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2023-3-69-74.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.