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Toxicity estimate of heavy metals, metalloids and nonmetals contained in mineral mining waste

Mining activities lead to severe pollution of the environment with metals, metalloids and nonmetals. In the Caucasus, the largest induced pollution results from performance of Urup and Tyrnyauz mining and processing integrated works, Mizur concentration factory, as well as Electrozinc and Pobedit plants. Pollutants from these sources mostly accumulate in soil. The most wide-spread soil in the influence zone of the listed pollution sources is the brown forest earth. The article offers a comparative estimation of pollution hazard for 28 heavy metals, metalloids and nonmetals contained in mineral mining and processing waste by the rate of total depopulation of bacteria in the weakly unsaturated brown forest earth. Pollution was modeled on a laboratory scale. The cryptotoxic elements were entered as oxides at concentrations of 10 and 100 mg of an element per 1 kg of soil. The total number of bacteria was determined using direct luminescence microscopy. The cryptotoxic elements were ranked by their hazard for bacteria in the weakly unsaturated brown forest earth at the concentration of 10 mg/kg: Se > Te. The most hazardous pollutants for the earth bacteria appeared to be chromium, selenium, tellurium and silver.

Keywords: chemical pollution, soil, heavy metals, metalloids, nonmetals, biotesting, bacterial population.
For citation:

Evstegneeva N. A., Kolesnikov S. I., Minnikova T. V., Timoshenko A. N. Toxicity estimate of heavy metals, metalloids and nonmetals contained in mineral mining waste. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(5-1):73-85. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_51_0_73.


The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation (Grant No. 22-24-01041) in Southern Federal University.

Issue number: 5
Year: 2023
Page number: 73-85
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 57.044; 631.46
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_51_0_73
Article receipt date: 10.01.2023
Date of review receipt: 02.03.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2023
About authors:

N.A. Evstegneeva1, Graduate Student, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3133-7629,
S.I. Kolesnikov1, Dr. Sci. (Agric.), Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5860-8420,
T.V. Minnikova1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Leading Researcher, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9453-7137,
A.N. Timoshenko1, Cand. Sci. (Biol.), Leading Researcher, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5589-2171,
1 D.I. Ivanovsky Academy of Biology and Biotechnology, Southern Federal University, 344090, Rostov-on-Don, Russia.


For contacts:

N.A. Evstegneeva, e-mail:


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