Back to search

Improving technologies for metals leaching during ore deposit development

The steady growth in the consumption of mineral raw materials, the depletion of resources available for mining and the change in the geography of the development of ore deposits increase the urgency of the problems of improving metal mining technologies, including new methods. The purpose of research in this area is to identify and substantiate promising innovative technologies, including the leaching of metals from the tailings of primary processing to ensure the sustainable operation of mining enterprises. The development of new natural and resource-saving technologies has been studied to a lesser extent compared with other areas of mining production. The efficiency of the development of rack-and-pinion drilling rigs has been studied, accelerating the solution of problems of underground deep and block leaching of ores, as well as inactive waste accumulated in dumps. It is proved that the productivity of drilling wells for various purposes, which determines the speed of opening and development of ore reserves, can be increased under certain conditions. Within the frame-work of the second direction, the mechanism of metal extraction is disclosed and the effect of mechanical activation of mineral waste from extraction and processing when transferring them to the category of technological deposits is shown. It is established that the degree of lead extraction increases non-linearly according to the polynomial law with an increase in the mass fractions of reagents at a high frequency of rotation of the rotors. The revealed features and patterns are applicable to substantiate the parameters of sustainable geotechnologies for the integrated development of polymetallic deposits. The research results may be in demand during the modernization of existing and planned mining and processing enterprises, as well as for the training of highly qualified personnel.

Keywords: technologies, research, innovations, metal leaching, processing tailings, drilling rig, wells, ore deposits, processing tailings.
For citation:

Golik V. I., Kondratyev V. V., Romanova V. V., Konyukhov V. Yu., Oparina T. A. Improving technologies for metals leaching during ore deposit development. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(7-1):5-14. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_71_0_5.

Issue number: 7
Year: 2024
Page number: 5-14
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622:504.55.054
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_71_0_5
Article receipt date: 03.04.2024
Date of review receipt: 08.05.2024
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.06.2024
About authors:

V.I. Golik, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Moscow Technological University (MSTU), Moscow, Russia, Chief Researcher, Geophysical Institute of Vladikavkaz Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 362002, Vladikavkaz, Russia, e-mail:, Elibrary: 497371, Scopus Author ID: 6602135324, Researcher ID: U-9000-2019, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-1181-8452,
V.V. Kondratyev, A.P. Vinogradov Institute of Geochemistry of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 664523, Irkutsk, Russia, e-mail:,
V.V. Romanova, Transbaikal State University, 672039, Chita, Russia, e-mail:,
V.Yu. Konyukhov1, e-mail:,
T. A. Oparina1, e-mail:,
1 Irkutsk National Research Technical University, 664074, Irkutsk, Russia.


For contacts:

V.I. Golik, e-mail:


1. Krausmann F., Gingrich S., Eisenmenger N., Erb K. H., Haberl H., Fischer-Kowalski M. Growth in global materials use, GDP and population during the 20th century. Ecological Economics. 2009, vol. 68, no. 10, pp. 2696—2705. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.05.007.

2. Gendler S. G., Rudakov M. L., Falova E. S. Analysis of the risk structure of injuries and occupational diseases in the mining industry of the Far North of the Russian Federation. Natsional'nyi Hirnychyi Universytet. Naukovyi Visnyk. 2020, no. 3, pp. 81—85. DOI: 10.33271/nvngu/2020-3/081.

3. Rubinstein J. B., Swanson A., Holuszko M. E., Shaoqiang Z., Ziaja D., Anastassakis G., Bokanyi L., Sachdev R. K., Bekturganov N. S., Aibuldinov E. K., Blaschke W., Baic I., De Korte G. J., Ozbayoglu G., Laurila M., Jenkinson D., Vorobev S. A. Coal Preparation in the World — Current status and global trends. A review. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016, no. 6, pp. 4—55. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/ gzh.2016.06.01.

4. Gulbin Y. L., Akbarpuran Khaiyati S. A., Sirotkin A. N. Mineral composition and thermobarometry of metamorphic rocks of Western Ny Friesland, Svalbard. Journal of Mining Institute. 2023, vol. 263, pp. 657—673. [In Russ].

5. Ilyushin Y. V., Pervukhin D. A., Afanaseva O. V. Application of the theory of systems with distributed parameters for mineral complex facilities management. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2019, vol. 14, no. 22, pp. 3852—3864.

6. Kulikova А. А., Ovchinnikova T. I. A regional criterion for classifying mining regions as territories with the greatest exposure to geoecological changes. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2023, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 27—34. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2023-15-1-27-34.

7. Kulikova E. Yu., Balovtsev S. V., Skopintseva O. V. Complex estimation of geotechnical risks in mine and underground construction. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2023, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 7—16. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2023-15-1-7-16.

8. Ilyushin Y. V., Kivayev I. N., Novozhilov I. M. Classification of modern educational programs by functional purpose. Proceedings of 2017 IEEE 6th Forum Strategic Partnership of Universities and Enterprises of Hi-Tech Branches (Science. Education. Innovations), SPUE 2017. 2017, pp. 96—99. DOI: 10.1109/IVForum.2017.8246061.

9. Malyukova L. S., Martyushev N. V., Tynchenko V. V., Kondratiev V. V., Bukhtoyarov V. V., Konyukhov V. Y., Bashmur K. A., Panfilova T. A., Brigida V. Circular mining wastes management for sustainable production of Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. Sustainability. 2023, vol. 15, article 11671. DOI: 10.3390/su151511671.

10. Kulikova E. Yu., Balovtsev S. V., Skopintseva O. V. Comprehensive assessment of geoecological risks in conducting open and underground mining. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2024, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 205—216. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2024-16-1-205-216.

11. Golik V. I., Klyuev R. V., Martyushev N. V., Kondratiev V. V., Tynchenko V. S., Gladkikh V. A., Iushkova L. V., Brigida V. Reuse and mechanochemical processing of ore dressing tailings used for extracting Pb and Zn. Materials. 2023, vol. 16, article 7004. DOI: 10.3390/ma16217004.

12. Vorobev S. A., Vorobyev A. A. On the problem of contouring core values for the future of rock mechanics (Publisher’s view). Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020, no. 1, pp. 7—11. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/ gzh.2020.01.01.

13. Rakishev B. R., Bоndаrenkо V. I., Маtayev М. М., Kenzhetayev Z. S. Influence of chemical reagent complex on intensification of uranium well extraction. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2019, no. 6, pp. 25—30. DOI: 10.29202/nvngu/20196/4.

14. Komashchenko V. I., Atrushkevich V. A., Kachurin N. M., Stas G. V. The effectiveness of borehole charges in the destruction of rocks by explosion. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2019, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 191—198. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2019-11-2-191-198.

15. Anischenko V. I., Atrushkevich V. A. Influence of drilling rig design on well drilling efficiency. Sustainable Development of Mountain Territories. 2020, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 383—393. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21177/1998-4502-2020-12-3-383-393.

16. Khayrutdinov M. M., Kongar-Syuryun C. B., Tyulyaeva Y. S., Khayrutdinov A. M. Cementless backfill mixtures based on water-soluble manmade waste. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2020, vol. 331, no. 11, pp. 30—36. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18799/24131830/ 2020/11/2883.

17. Yushina T. I., Krylov I. O., Valavin V. S., Toan V. V. Old iron-bearing waste treatment technology. Eurasian Mining. 2018, no. 1, pp. 16—21. DOI: 10.17580/em.2018.01.04.

18. Rasskazova A. V., Sekisov A. G., Kirilchukirilchu M. S., Vasyanovvasyanov Y. A. Stage-activation leaching of oxidized copper—gold ore: Theory and technology. Eurasian Mining. 2020, no. 1, pp. 52—55. DOI: 10.17580/em.2020.01.10.

19. Minagawa M., Hisatomi S., Kato T., Granata G., Tokoro C. Enhancement of copper dissolution by mechanochemical activation of copper ores: Correlation between leaching experiments and DEM simulations. Advanced Powder Technology. 2018, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 471—478. DOI: 10.1016/j. apt.2017.11.031.

20. Basturkcu H., Achimovičová M., Kaňuchová M., Acarkan N. Mechanochemical pretreatment of lateritic nickel ore with sulfur followed by atmospheric leaching. Hydrometallurgy. 2018, vol. 181, pp. 43—52. DOI: 10.1016/j.hydromet.2018.08.016.

21. Golik V. I., Lukyanov V. G., Khasheva Z. M. Rationale for feasibility of using ore tailings for manufacturing hardening mixtures. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2015, vol. 326, no. 5, pp. 6—14. [In Russ].

22. Galle E. M., Woods H. B. Variable weight and rotary speed for lowest drilling cost. AAODC Annual Meeting. American Petroleum Institute. New Orleans, LA, USA, 1960.

23. Galle E. M., Woods A. B. Best constant weight and rotary speed for rotary rock bits. API Drilling and production practice. 1963, pp. 48—73.

24. Bourgoyne A. T. Jr., Millheim K. K., Chenevert E. M., Young F. S. Jr. Applied drilling engineering, society of petroleum engineers. Richardson, TX, USA, 1991, p. 226.

25. Golik V. I., Razorenov Y. I., Stradanchenko S. G., Khasheva Z. M. Principles and economic efficiency of ore mining technology combination. Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University. Geo Assets Engineering. 2015, vol. 326, no. 7, pp. 6—14. [In Russ].

26. Dzhioeva A. K., Brigida V. S. Spatial non-linearity of methane release dynamics in underground boreholes for sustainable mining. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020, vol. 245, pp. 522—530. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2020.5.3.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.