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Effects of the mining sector on the quality of the living environment in mountainous terrains

The results of scientific research carried out on the objects of the mining and processing complex are presented. The analysis of the factors that cause the destruction of components of the biosphere area, reviewed the functioning of natural-technical systems with elements of a development ecosystem disorders with prolonged use of the field of the mining industry. The content of heavy metals of ore Genesis in the soil layer is shown and the influence of mobile ions on the agrobiocenoses of this zone is characterized. It is established that the greening of surface mining processes allows for the sustainable development of the ecosystem as a whole. Information on the level of influence of soil pollution on biota is provided. At the same time, recommendations are given for reducing mobile heavy metal ions in the soil horizon using local raw materials of organic and mineral origin. The decrease in productivity of land in the area of mining and processing production is experimentally proved, the natural landscape is transformed into a technogenic one, individual elements of the ecosystem are modified and acquire a stable irreversible negative character. The recommended recipe of ingredients for obtaining the necessary soil quality is given. the scheme of interaction of the natural and technical system with the components of the biosphere is presented and conclusions are given based on the results of the research.

Keywords: zone of activity, technogenic origin, heavy metals, mobile ions, gross content, soil morphology, soil horizon, flora, fauna, bioassay, ore genesis, form of soil contamination.
For citation:

Alborov I.D., Tedeeva F.G., Gutsaev F.H., O.G Burdzieva, Gegelashvili M.V. Effects of the mining sector on the quality of the living environment in mountainous terrains. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(11-1):32-39. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-111-0-32-39.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 11
Year: 2020
Page number: 32-39
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 502.3.502.64
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-111-0-32-39
Article receipt date: 09.10.2019
Date of review receipt: 31.08.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.10.2020
About authors:

Alborov I.D.1,2, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Head Department of Ecology and Technosphere Safety; Ch. Researcher, Geophysical Institute, VSC RAS, e-mail: ekoskgmi@rambler.ru;
Tedeeva F.G.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Prof. Department of Ecology and Technosphere Safety, e-mail: ekoskgmi@rambler.ru;
Gutsaev F.Kh.1, Postgraduate Student of the Department of Ecology and Technosphere Safety Safety, e-mail: ekoskgmi@rambler.ru;
Burdzieva O.G.2, Cand. Sci. (Geogr.), e-mail:ekoskgmi@rambler.ru;
Gegelashvili M.V., Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor;
1 North Caucasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (State Technological University), Vladikavkaz, Russia;
2 Geophysical Institute of the Vladikavkaz Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladikavkaz, Russia.

 

For contacts:

Ivan Alborov, ekoskgmi@rambler.ru.

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