Classification of man-made voids with regard to resource potential utilization for ecological rehabilitation of mining areas

Authors: Шеломенцев И. Г., Славиковская Ю. О.

The current call for mineral resources dictates expansion of mineral mining, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, aggravates ecological problems in the mining areas due to increased man-made pressing on the subsurface. The man-made voids generated by mineral mining are the source of aggressive ecological impact and, often, the origin of emergencies. Considering the fact that the mining industry is an urban element of economy, preservation and reclamation of lands, especially in the regions of high urban growth, is one of the critical tasks. In this regard, it is necessary to carry out ecological reclamation of man-made voids in order to meet standards of efficient and ecologically safe subsoil use to maintain required ecological property of mines at all stages of life span of mineral field development (in the course of actual mining and in the post-mining period). Based on the accomplished research, a new classification is proposed for grouping man-made voids by such critical criteria as: contact with ground surface; support method; life cycle (involvement in resource potential economy) and functional purpose. The classification is proposed for man-made voids formed by surface and underground mining of solid minerals. Then classification allows assessment and inventory man-made voids, as well as selection of their ecological rehabilitation.

Keywords: Solid mineral deposit, mining and processing plants, anthropogenic environmental impact, man-made voids, classification of man-made voids, pot-mining period, ecological reclamation of mining and processing plant territory, resource potential.
For citation:

Shelomentsev IG., Slavikovskaya YuO. Classification of man-made voids with regard to resource potential utilization for ecological rehabilitation of mining areas. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(12):127-140. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-127-140.

Acknowledgements:

The article is prepared in the framework of the Basic Research Program, Project No. 0405-2019-0005 in compliance with job scheduling plan for 2019–2021.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2019
Page number: 127-140
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.882:622.2
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-127-140
Article receipt date: 15.07.2019
Date of review receipt: 29.10.2019
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 11.11.2019
About authors:

I.G. Shelomentsev1, Junior Researcher, e-mail: gopi0@list.ru,
Yu.O. Slavikovskaya1, Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Senior Researcher,
e-mail:slavikov1977@mail.ru
1 Institute of Mining of Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,
620075, Ekaterinburg, Russia.

For contacts:

Yu.O. Slavikovskaya, e-mail: slavikov1977@mail.ru.

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