Environmental monitoring in the territories involved in mining and management of coal with high concentration of natural radionuclides

Authors: Сидорова Г. П., Авдеев П. Б., Якимов А. А. и др.

Development of coal fields with high concentration of radionuclides contributes to anthropogenic impact on geological environment, which makes monitoring of coal production areas a relevant and critical task. The article expounds the monitoring procedures required for observation, assessment and prediction of the environmental conditions in the territories involved in mining and management of coal with high concentration of natural radionuclides in terms of the Urtui lignite deposit in Transbaikalia. The location of the deposit and the surrounding infrastructure are described. The main pollution sources and radioecological monitoring objects are identified. The natural and geotechnical influences on the structure and contents of the radioecological monitoring, as well as its key objectives are defined. The justification of the air quality control monitoring is given based on the active legislation and regulatory documents, and the layout of air sampling points at the deposit is shown. The hydrogeological features of the deposit location, as well as the hydrogeochemical anomaly with increased content of fluorine, uranium, molybdenum and lead, affecting the structural of surface and ground water monitoring are presented. The soil cover control structure is described. The environmental observation layout and procedures selected with regard to geological, hydrogeological and geotechnical conditions are justified.

Keywords: Radioecological monitoring, environment, coal, natural radionuclides, soil, subsoil, atmosphere.
For citation:

Sidorova G. P., Avdeev P. B., Yakimov A. A., Ovcharenko N. V., Manikovskiy P. M. Environmental monitoring in the territories involved in mining and management of coal with high concentration of natural radionuclides. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(12):102-113. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-102-113.

Acknowledgements:

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Grant No. 18-05-00397.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2019
Page number: 102-113
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 662.33;553
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-102-113
Article receipt date: 01.11.2019
Date of review receipt: 06.11.2019
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 11.11.2019
About authors:

G.P. Sidorova1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor,
e-mail: druja@inbox.ru,
P.B. Avdeev1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor,
e-mail: chita-apb@yandex.ru,
A.A. Yakimov1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor,
e-mail: yaa76@yandex.ru,
N.V. Ovcharenko, Chief Geologist, Urtuyskoe Mine Office,
672039, Chita, Russia, e-mail: nataovha-renko@mail.ru,
P.M. Manikovsky1, Graduate Student, e-mail: manikov-skiypm@yandex.ru,
1 Transbaikal State University, 672039, Chita, Russia.
Corresponding author: G.P. Sidorova, e-mail: druja@inbox.ru.

For contacts:

G.P. Sidorova, e-mail: druja@inbox.ru.

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