Key ecological aspects of coal mining technology (in terms of the Bureya open pit coal mine)

Authors: Ozaryan Yu. A., Vasyanovich Yu. A.

Coal mining greatly affects the environment, especially atmospheric air, ground surface and water bodies. This article describes the results of the case study on coal dust formation and propagation. Satellite observations and image analysis allowed the authors to identify productioninduced objects and to calculate their area. The main sources and types of air pollution during coal mining by the open pit method are defined. It is found that the disturbed land area in the influence zones of the Bureya open pit mine, solely, is not less than 662 ha. From the satellite images, it is revealed that the coal dust transport radius in the test area is from 2 to 4 km depending on the direction. The features of initiation and growth of the production-induced pollution sources during open pit coal mining are studied. Using the winter satellite images, the coal dust propagation dynamics in space and time from a source to the natural-and-technical system is determined for the period from 2009 to 2019. The events of natural recovery of phytocenoses in the disturbed lands are indicated. The vegetation dynamics in the influence zone of the coal field development is analyzed. From the visual decoding and based on the variation of the vegetation index NDVI, it is determined that plant communities in the range zone of coal dust suffer from essential anthropogenic impact. Natural recoverability of vegetation in the disturbed territory is specified.

Keywords: Mining industry, open pit coal mining, coal dust, anthropogenic impact, dusting surface inactivation, natural-and-technical system, geoecology, natural recovery.
For citation:

Ozaryan YuA., Vasyanovich YuA. Key ecological aspects of coal mining technology (in terms of the Bureya open pit coal mine). MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(1):15-25. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-1-0-15-25.

Issue number: 1
Year: 2020
Page number: 15-25
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.85:622.807
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-1-0-15-25
Article receipt date: 06.10.2019
Date of review receipt: 17.11.2019
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.12.2019
About authors:

Yu.A. Ozaryan, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Researcher,
Mining Institute, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences,
680000, Khabarovsk, Russia, e-mail:,
Yu.A. Vasyanovich, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor,
Far Eastern Federal University, 690091, Vladivostok, Russia,
Corresponding author: Yu.A. Ozaryan, e-mail:

For contacts:

Yu.A. Ozaryan, e-mail:


1. Werner T. T., Bebbington A., Gregory G. Assessing impacts of mining: Recent contributions from GIS and remote sensing. The Extractive Industries and Society. 2019, Vol. 6, Issue 3, July, pp. 993—1012.
2. Bullock C. H., Collier M. J., Convery F. Peatlands, their economic value and priorities for their future management — The example of Ireland. Land Use Policy. 2012, Vol. 29, pp. 921—928.
3. Rooney R. C., Bayley S. E., Schindler D. W. Oil sands mining and reclamation cause massive loss of peatland and stored carbon. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2012, Vol. 109, pp. 4933—4937. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1117693108.
4. Lima A. T., Mitchell K., O’Connell D. W., Verhoeven J., Van Cappellen P. The legacy of surface mining: Remediation, restoration, reclamation and rehabilitation. Environmental Science & Policy. 2016, Vol. 66, pp. 227—233.
5. Mamaev Yu. A., Galchenko Yu. P., Bubnova M. B., Ozaryan Yu. A. Environmental aspects of the development of natural-technical systems for the development of minerals in the conditions of the Far East. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory. 2013, no 7, pp. 25—32. [In Russ].
6. Matthew A. Shapiroa, Toby Bolsen Korean perceptions of transboundary air pollution and domestic coal development: Two framing experiments. Energy Policy. 2019, Vol. 126, pp. 333—342.
7. Shuai Han, Hong Chen, Eric Stemn, John Owen Interactions between organisational roles and environmental hazards: The case of safety in the Chinese coal industry. Resources Policy. 2019, Vol. 60, pp. 36—46.
8. Kamila Svobodova, Mohan Yellishetty, Jiri Vojar Coal mining in Australia: Understanding stakeholder knowledge of mining and mine rehabilitation. Energy Policy. 2019, Vol. 126, pp. 421—430.
10. Ozaryan Yu. A., Cheban A. Yu., Bubnova M. B., Usikov V. I. Geoinformation and computing technologies for mon-itoring natural-technical systems to ensure environmental safety of coal mining. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory. 2019, no 10, pp. 45—53. [In Russ].
11. Galchenko Yu. P. Methodology for the quantitative assessment of the state of biota in the development of natural-technical systems for the development of complex structural ore deposits. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory. 2013, no 4, pp. 30—36. [In Russ].
12. Tolpin V. A., Lupyan E. A., Bartalev S. A. Possibilities of analysis of the state of agricultural vegetation using the VEGA satellite service. Optika atmosfery i okeana. 2014. Vol. 27, no 7 (306), pp. 581—586. [In Russ].
13. Usikov V. I., Lipina L. N., Bubnova M. B., Ozaryan Yu. A. The certificate of registration database RU 2019620201. 31.01.2019.
14. Lifanovskaya S. Yu. Environmental aspects of the extraction of mineral raw materials. Vestnik Kamchatskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2010, no 10, pp. 44—49. [In Russ].
15. Ozaryan Yu. A. The study of dust pollution of ecosystems in the open de-velopment of deposits of building materials. Ekologicheskie sistemy i pribory. 2012, no 2, pp. 48—55. [In Russ].
16. Khilimonyuk V. Z., Pustovoyt G. P., Filatova M. V. Changes in the temperature of permafrost during pollution of the earth's surface with coal dust on the territory of the Pechora coal basin. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta. Seriya 4. Geologiya. 2011, no 3, pp. 56—60. [In Russ].
17. Golokhvast K. S. Kupriyanov A. N., Manakov Yu. A., Chayka V. V., Filonova E. A., Vasyanovich Yu. A. Ecological and chemical analysis of snow composition near a large coal cluster. Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2014, no S4—11, pp. 133—140. [In Russ].
18. Marchuk G. I., Aloyan A. E. Mathematical modeling of regional environmental problems. Ekologicheskiy vestnik nauchnykh tsentrov Chernomorskogo ekonomicheskogo sotrudnichestva. 2004, no 1, pp. 88. [In Russ].

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.