Experimental and theoretical framework of nonlinear tomography. Part III: Promising systems to control deformation and wave processes in surface and underground mining

Authors: Опарин В. Н., Адушкин В. В., Востриков В. И., Юшкин В. Ф., Киряева Т. А.

To expand the range of instrumentation for nonlinear geotomography using pendulum waves, recording of complex deformation and wave processes, as well as analysis of the related seismic emission processes induced by surface and underground mining, earthquakes and powerful explosions, this article describes the modern and promising measuring equipment designed by the Institute of Mining, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences. Specifications of the equipment provide recording of the dynamic and kinematic characteristics of pendulum waves in high-stress geomedia with hierarchical block structure. The formalized connection between such structure and seismic emission processes was described earlier (Part II of the article). This part of the article presents two basic measuring and computing systems for monitoring absolute displacements and strains in real geomedia in a dynamic mode in underground and surface mines under extreme climate of Siberia. Efficiency of the measurement systems in recording of low-velocity (less than 100 m/s) pendulum waves is illustrated by the field records of blasting at copper–nickel mines in the Norilsk Region (instrumentation system MOED-p) and in open pit mines at the kimberlite pipes in Yakutia (multi-functional deformation–wave measuring and computing system Karier). The comparative analysis of these records and the wave packets of higher gas-dynamic activity induced in Kuzbass mines by earthquakes according to the readings of automated gas control systems shows the deterministic connection of earthquakes and low-velocity pendulum waves (less than 5 m/s).

Keywords: Geotomography using pendulum waves, high-stress rock masses, hierarchical block structure, nonlinear deformation–wave processes, measuring and computing equipment for pendulum wave recording, underground mines of Norilsk, kimberlite pipes and open pit mines of Yakutia, field records of production explosions, gas control system, earthquake-induced gas-dynamic activity in Kuzbass mines.
For citation:

Oparin V. N., Adushkin V. V., Vostrikov V. I., Yushkin V. F., Kiryaeva T. A. Experimental and theoretical framework of nonlinear tomography. Part III: Promising systems to control deformation and wave processes in surface and underground mining. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(12):529. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-0-5-29.

Acknowledgements:

The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Project No. 1717-01282.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2019
Page number: 5_29
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 550.3 + 622
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-12-05-29
Article receipt date: 27.07.2019
Date of review receipt: 11.09.2019
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 11.11.2019
About authors:

V.N. Oparin1, Corresponding Member of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Dr. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Professor, Head of Department,
e-mail: oparin@misd.ru,
V.V. Adushkin1, Аcademician of Russian Academy of Sciences,
Advisor of Russian Academy of Sciences, Dr. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.),
Institute of Geosphere Dynamics of Russian Academy of Sciences,
119334, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: adushkin@idg.chph.ras.ru,
V.I. Vostrikov1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Head of Laboratory,
e-mail: vvi49@mail.ru,
V.F. Yushkin1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Leading Researcher, e-mail: L14@ngs.ru,
T.A. Kiryaeva1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Senior Researcher,
e-mail: coalmetan@mail.ru,
1 Chinakal Institute of Mining of Siberian Branch
of Russian Academy of Sciences, 630091, Novosibirsk, Russia.

For contacts:

V.N. Oparin, e-mail: oparin@misd.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Oparin V. N., Adushkin V. V., Vostrikov V. I., Yushkin V. F., Kiryaeva T. A. Experimental and theoretical framework of nonlinear geotomography. Part I: Research problem statement and justification MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(1):5-25. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-01-0-5-25.
2. Oparin V. N., Adushkin V. V., Vostrikov V. I., Yushkin V. F., Kiryaeva T. A. Experimental and theoretical framework of nonlinear geotomography. Part II: Dynamic and kinematic characteristics of pendulum waves in high-stress geomedia and processes of seismic emission. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(11):5-26. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-11-0-5-26.
3. Adushkin V. V., Oparin V. N. From the alternating-sign explosion response of rocks to the pendulum waves in stressed geomedia. Journal of Mining Science. Part I. 2012. Vol. 48, no 2, pp. 203—222; part II, 2013. Vol. 49, no 2, pp. 175—209; part III, 2014. Vol. 50, no 4, pp. 623—645; part IV, 2016. Vol. 52, no 1, pp. 1—35.
4. Metody i izmeritel'nye pribory dlya modelirovaniya i naturnykh issledovaniy nelineynykh deformatsionno-volnovykh protsessov v blochnykh massivakh gornykh porod. Pod red. V. L. Shkuratnika [Methods and instruments for modeling and in-situ investigation of nonlinear deformation–wave processes in block rock mass. Shkuratnik V. L. (Ed.)], Novosibirsk, Izd-vo SO RAN, 2007, 320 p.
5. Sovremennaya geodinamika massiva gornykh porod verkhney chasti litosfery: istoki, parametry, vozdeystviya na ob"ekty nedropol'zovaniya. Pod red. M. D. Novopashina [Modern geodynamics in the top lithosphere: Sources, parameters, impact. Novopashin M. D. (Ed.)], Novosibirsk, Izd-vo SO RAN, 2008, 449 p.
6. Geomekhanicheskie polya i protsessy: eksperimental'no-analiticheskie issledovaniya formirovaniya i razvitiya ochagovykh zon katastroficheskikh sobytiy v gornotekhnicheskikh i prirodnykh sistemakh. Pod red. N. N. Mel'nikova [Geomechanical fields and processes: Experimental research and analysis of initiation and growth of disastrous event sources in natural and geotechnical systems. Mel'nikov N. N. (Ed.)], Novosibirsk, Izd-vo SO RAN. vol. 1. 2018, 549 p.;
vol. 2. 2019, 543 p.
7. Metody i sistemy seysmodeformatsionnogo monitoringa tekhnogennykh zemletryaseniy i gornykh udarov. Pod red. N. N. Mel'nikova [Methods and systems of seismic deformation monitoring of induced earthquakes and rock bursts. Mel'nikov N. N. (Ed.)], Novosibirsk, Izd-vo SO RAN. vol. 1, 2009, 304 p.; vol. 2, 2010, 261 p.
8. Kovchavtsev A. P. Thermal imager: Seeing is believing. Nauka iz pervykh ruk. 2012, no 5, pp. 34—43. [In Russ].
9. Sheynin V. N. Diagnostic of rapid periodic stress measurements in rocks by IR radiometry data. Fizika Zemli. 2001, no 4, pp. 24—30. [In Russ].
10. Oparin V. N., Usoltseva O. M., Tsoi P. A., Semenov V. N. Evolution of stress-strain state in the structural heterogeneities geomaterials under uniaxial and biaxial loading. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics. 2014;2:1039—1046, http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/jamp.2014.212118.
11. Kurlenya M. V., Oparin V. N., Vostrikov V. I. Generation of elastic wave packets under pulsed excitation of block medium. Pendulum waves Uμ. Doklady Akademii nauk. 1993. vol. 333, no 4, pp. 515—521. [In Russ].
12. Oparin V. N., Kurlenya M. V., Akinin A. A. Patent RU 2097558. 1997.
13. Kurlenya M. V., Oparin V. N., Akinin A. A.Multichannel longitudinal optoelectronic deformometer. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 1997, no 3, pp. 105—119. [In Russ].
14. Bagaev S. N., Orlov V. A., Fomin Yu. N., Chebotaev V. P. Heterodyne laser deformographs for precision geophysical measurements. Fizika Zemli. 1992, no 1, pp. 85—91. [In Russ].
15. Oparin V. N., Tanaino A. S. Canonical ranking of sizes of structural units in rocks classifications. Journal of Mining Science. 2009;45(6):551—562.
16. Baryakh A. A. South African technological safari. Gornoe ekho. 2006, no 6, pp. 49—53. [In Russ].
17. Bornyakov S. A., Salko D. V. Deformation monitoring instrumentation and trials in open pit kimberlite mine. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2016, no 2, pp. 172—178. [In Russ].
18. Potekhina I. A., Makovchuk I. V., Gladkov A. S. РExtensional tectonics in the Komsomolskaya Pipe. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2008, no 4 (36), pp. 25—31. [In Russ].
19. Vostrikov V. I., Ruzhich V. V., Federyaev O. V. Monitoring system for fall-hazardous deep open pit walls. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2009, no 6, pp. 118—127. [In Russ].
20. Vostrikov V. I., Oparin V. N. Multichannal Instrumentation System for Strain and Displacement Measurements. Proceeding of the 2009 International Symposium on Mechatronic and Biomedical Engineering and Applications, Taiwan, November 5, 2009, pp. 13—17.
21. Vostrikov V. I., Polotnyanko N. S. Multichannel measuring system Karier for deep open pit wall monitoring. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2014, no 6, pp. 224—229. [In Russ].
22. Oparin V. N., Vostrikov V. I., Polotnyanko N. S., Trofimov A. S., Potaka A. A. Karier measurement system. Monitoring of geodynamic behavior of deep open pit mine rock mass. EUROCK 2018: Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses. Vol. 2. 2018 Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK, pp. 1477—1482.
23. Dimaki A. V., Psakh'e S. G. Distributed measuring system for monitoring displacements at interfaces in block media based on Sdvig-4MR system. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2009, no 2, pp. 110—117. [In Russ].
24. Hanssen R. F. Radar interferometry: Data interpretation and error analysis, Kluwer Academic Publisch, Dordrecht, 2001. 328 p.
25. Wang K., Dou L., Pan Y., Oparin V. N. Study on recognition of pendulum-type wave propagation in block rock mass. Journal of Advanced Oxidation Technologies. 2018; 21(2):95—110.
26. Oparin V. N., Adushkin V. V., Kiryaeva T. A., Potapov V. P., Cherepov A. A., Tyukhrin V. G., Glumov A. V. Effect of earthquake-induced pendulum waves on gas-dynamic activity in coal mines in Kuzbass. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2018, no 1, pp. 3—15. [In Russ].
27. Emanov A. A., Emanov A. F., Fateev A. V., Leskova E. V. Induced seismicity activation in the south of Kuzbass (Malinovka settlement). Interekspo GEO-Sibir'-2017. Mezhdunarodnaya nauchnaya
konferentsiya «Nedropol'zovanie. Gornoe delo. Napravleniya i tekhnologii poiska, razvedki i razrabotki mestorozhdeniy poleznykh iskopaemykh. Ekonomika. Geologiya»: Collection of materials, vol. 3. Novosibirsk, SGUGiG, 2017, pp. 66—71. [In Russ].
28. Oparin V. N. Theoretical framework for description of interaction between geomechanical and physicochemical processes in coal seams. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2017, no 6, pp. 3—19. [In Russ].

 

Mining World Russia
Subscribe for our dispatch