MODERN APPROACHES TO PRODUCTION SAFETY IN COAL MINING

The article presents a detailed analysis of causes of safety code disregard and breach as well as low proficiency of miners. The author thinks that labor management and production safety in mining requires implementation of a package of measures aimed at technical upgrading and intensification of coal mines, reduction in accident and injury rates as well as further development of potential of the coal industry towards the drastic increase in efficiency in compliance with the international standards of labor protection as well as safety of environment and production during coal mining and dressing. The critical problem of the coal industry safety is dust and methane control. The key source of the related disasters is professional disorderliness on all levels, starting from management and finishing with attending personnel. It is not by chance that almost in all mines suffering from accidents, “crude violations of labor and production discipline”, “unauthorized actions of executers” as well as “inefficient production control” and “insufficient knowledge of production safety standards” have been revealed; i.e. accidents and injuries take place because of the human factor, which involves organizational causes as well. The current procedures of labor protection and production safety inefficiently reflect features of industrial environment in coal mines as production objects of heightened hazards in terms of accounting all external and internal risks, specificity of labor protection and production safety and, particularly, effect of the human factor. The calculation of risk levels for mines in the Pechora Coal Basin and under auspices of SUEK Group allowed grouping the mines based on risk categories as well as identifying the most relevant risk groups for each mine and hazards which are the most difficult to predict. Coal mine safety is ensured by high skills and competence of miners, as well as their knowledge and faculty to use modern methods and means of industrial safety in mining.

Keywords

Сoal industry, human factor, production safety, accident rate, injury rate.

Issue number: 11
Year: 2018
ISBN:
UDK: 332.87+338.121
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-11-0-227-235
Authors: Savon D. Yu.

About authors: Savon D.Yu., Doctor of Economical Sciences, Professor, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: di199@yandex.ru.

REFERENCES:

1. Kubin'ski V., Kubin'ska-Yabtson E., Petrov A., Dariush S., Savon D. Yu. Analiz riskov v gornodobyvayushchey promyshlennosti, svyazannykh s bezopasnost'yu raboty [Analysis of safety-related risks in mining industry], Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2017, no 11, pp. 168—176. [In Russ].

2. Zholobova Yu. S., Safronov A. E., Kushchiy N. A., Savon D. Yu. Minimizatsiya vozdeystviya na okruzhayushchuyu sredu pri primenenii novykh tekhnologiy obogashcheniya ugley i utilizatsii otkhodov dobychi [Minimization of environmental impact using new technologies of coal dressing and mining waste management], Gornyy zhurnal. 2016, no 5, pp. 109—112. [In Russ].

3. Karibzhanova E. L., Misyura M. M., Savon D. YU., Safronov A. E. Sovershenstvovanie protsessa obogashcheniya i glubokoy pererabotki poleznykh iskopaemykh [Improvement of mineral beneficiation and deeper conversion], Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2017, no 12, pp. 161—169. [In Russ].

4. Misyura M. M., Savon D. Yu. Otsenka ekonomicheskoy effektivnosti investitsionnykh proektov almazodobyvayushchikh predpriyatiy [Assessment of economic efficiency of investment projects at a diamond mine], Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2016, no 9, pp. 82—98. [In Russ].

5. Peshkova M. Kh., Savon D. Yu. Mekhanizm gosudarstvenno-chastnogo partnerstva pri ekologo-ekonomicheskoy otsenke tekhnogennykh mineral'nykh ob"ektov [Mechanism of public-and-private partnership in ecological and economic estimation of mineral mining waste], Gornyy zhurnal. 2016, no 10, pp. 37—41. [In Russ].

6. Savon D. Yu. Sovershenstvovanie protsessa ekologizatsii territoriy narushennykh ugledobychey v Vostochnom Donbasse [Ecologization improvement of coal mining-disturbed lands in the east of the Donets Coal Basin], Gornyy informatsionno-analiticheskiy byulleten’. 2015, no S1, pp. 167. [In Russ].

7. Savon D. Yu., Samarina V. P. Vliyanie parametrov proizvodstva po pererabotke otkhodov ugledobychi i obogashcheniya na sostoyanie okruzhayushchey sredy [Environmental impact of coal mining and processing waste management]. Sovremennye problemy gorno-metallurgicheskogo kompleksa. Nauka i proizvodstvo. Materialy Chetyrnadtsatoy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii, s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem. 2017, pp. 305—309. [In Russ].

8. Tulupov A. S. Ponyatie «ushcherb» v ekonomike prirodopol'zovaniya [Notion of damage in the nature management economy], Nauchnyy vestnik Moskovskogo gosudarstvennogo gornogo universiteta. 2013, no 11, pp. 297—302. [In Russ].

9. Tulupov A. S. Vozmeshchenie ekologicheskogo vreda v ekonomike gornogo proizvodstva [Compensation for ecological harm in the mining industry economy], Gornyy zhurnal. 2017, no 8, pp. 61—65. [In Russ].

10. Zhaglovskaya А.Savon D.Safronov А.Sidorova Е. Production activity analysis Methodology for open pit coal mines (in terms of Shestaki open pit mine), Eurasian mining, 2017. No 1 (27), pp. 14—16.

11. Samarina V.Skufina T.Samarin A.Baranov S. Some System Problems of Russian Mining Enterprises of Ferrous Metallurgy, International Review of Management and Marketing. Special Issue for «Socio-Economic and Humanity-Philosophical Problems of Modern Sciences» 2016, 6(S1) 90—94. URL: http://econjournals.com/index.php/irmm/article/view/1882/pdf

12. Samarina Vera P., Skufina Tatiana P., Samarin Aleksandr V., Baranov Sergey V. Some Problems of Anti-recessionary Public Management in Russia at Present, Management of Systems of Socio-Economic and Legal Relations in Modern Conditions of Development of Education and Society. 2016, Vol. 6, No 6S, pp. 38—44. URL: http://econjournals.com/index.php/irmm/article/view/2917

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.