This article discusses potential expansion of monitoring capabilities in tunneling in watercut unstable soil with compensation of rock pressure in tunnel heading by the supporting medium backpressure created by bentonite suspension (hydro dead weight). In the tunneling site between metro stations Lefortovo and Aviamotornaya in Moscow, the bentonite dead weight is calculated by the procedure determining excess factor of the compensation backpressure over the pressure from the soil mass in the face zone. Sample results of discrete–continuous monitoring of thrust load on the tunneling machine rotor are discussed. The monitoring data are used to find changes in the indices of limiting stress state of soil, soil mass quality and ground water saturation rate, as well as to maintain the dead weight pressure at the preset value. It is assessed whether it is possible to determine actual load from soil for correlating with the compensation backpressure of bentonite suspension. It is found that in tunneling in sand, it is sufficient to maintain the compensation pressure excess factor higher than 1 in order to prevent from soil face displacement at breaks in the tunneling process. The lower backpressure excess factor will result in the increased load on the rotor drive during breaks.

For citation: Mazein S.V,, Voznesenskiy A. S., Pankratenko A. N. Monitoring of bentonite dead weight in shield tunneling. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019;(7):13-29. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2019-07-0-13-29.

Acknowledgements: The study was supported by Mosinzhproekt.


Тunnel, tunnel boring machine, hydro dead weight, bentonite suspension, load, rotor, dead weight pressure, discrete–continuous monitoring.

Issue number: 7
Year: 2019
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 624.191.6
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-07-0-13-29
Authors: Mazein S. V., Voznesenskiy A. S., Pankratenko A. N.

About authors: S.V. Mazein, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail:, Russian University of Transport (RUT-MIIT), A.S. Voznesenskiy (1), Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail:, A.N. Pankratenko (1), Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail:, 1 National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia. Corresponding author: A.S. Voznesenskiy, e-mail:


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