Bionic decisions of interest to the mining industry

Authors: Khabarova E.I.

Speaking about the prospects of human development, ecologists focus on the coevolution of society and nature and on joint, nature-saving technologies. This article proposes a six-variant differentiation of bionic decisions that has developed over 60 years of official existence of bionics. It involves the search for better adaptive advantages of living organisms and their use, both in the existing version and as new original decisions that improve certain human capabilities. This systematization reflects three generations of testing of engineering thought: 1) biologization of production processes using known living organisms, 2) design of hybrid systems that integrate living and artificial components, 3) creation of fundamentally new bioinformatics systems. The above points are illustrated by bionic solutions of interest to the mining industries. For this purpose, the following areas of activity are analyzed: 1) search for new deposits, 2) mining, 3) mineral processing, 4) ensuring safe working conditions, 5) providing rescue operations, 6) transportation of raw materials and finished products, 7) minimizing associated environmental problems.

 

Keywords: geoecology, bionics, differentiation of bionic decisions, search for new deposits, mining and processing of minerals, ensuring safe and rescue operations, transportation of finished products, minimizing environmental problems.
For citation:

Khabarova E.I. Bionic decisions of interest to the mining industry. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(2—1):287-297. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-287-297.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 2
Year: 2021
Page number: 287-297
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622+004.94
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-21-0-287-297
Article receipt date: 14.01.2021
Date of review receipt: 28.01.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 01.02.2021
About authors:

Khabarova E.I., Cand. Sci. (Chemical), associate Professor of the Department of environmental and Industrial safety of the Lomonosov Institute of fine chemical technologies of MIREA — Russian Technological University.

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