Physical simulation of load displacement resistance of peat land surface on test bench

This article addresses resistance to displacement of loaded platform over the surface of natural peat land. We present the analysis of resistance forces applied to the platform during its displacement over the surface of water-flooded peat land. The diagram of forces affecting the moving platform on the surface of natural peat land is given. The resistance forces are added with the Archimedean force and the weights of the load and platform. The resistance forces and their generation factors are analyzed. The full-scale test data on displacement of a model over the natural peat land surface are presented. The relationship of the displacement resistance on the pressure applied to the peat land surface, as well as the dependence to estimate the required traction force to displace the platform are given. The test bench is designed for the detailed analysis of the platform front angle and friction properties of contacting surfaces. The physical simulation model allows deterministic variation in the platform weight, platform front angle and friction properties of contacting surfaces. The full-scale test results are compared with the test bench simulation data for the physical simulation relevance evaluation. The experimental data on the influence of the model platform front angle on the platform displacement resistance are presented. The traction force versus the peat land surface pressure is plotted for five values of the model platform front angle. The recommendations on reduction of the platform displacement resistance by selecting the optimized angle of the platform front are given.

Keywords: peat, peat raw material, peat land, natural peat bed, test bench, physical simulation, inundated land, load displacement, bog crossing, displacement resistance, modeling, model, experiment.
For citation:

Yakupov D. R., Ivanova P. V., Ivanov S. L. Physical simulation of load displacement resistance of peat land surface on test bench. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(5—1):117—129. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_117.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 5
Year: 2021
Page number: 117-129
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.331
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_117
Article receipt date: 27.01.2021
Date of review receipt: 17.03.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2021
About authors:

Yakupov D. R1, Postgraduate student at the Department of Mechanical Engeneering, e-mail: s195037@stud.spmi.ru;
Ivanova P. V.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), assistant lecturer of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, e-mail: Ivanova_PV@pers.spmi.ru;
Ivanov S. L.1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Professor of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, e-mail: Ivanov_SL@pers.spmi.ru;
1 Saint Petersburg Mining University, Saint Petersburg, Russia.

 

For contacts:
Bibliography:

1. Mikhailov A., Zhigulskaya A. and Yakonovskaya T. Strip mining of peat deposit. Mine Planning and Equipment Selection: MPES 2017. 2017. pp. 497—501.

2. Kremcheev E`.A. Specific Parameters of Technological Operations Performed during Peat Excavation with Staged Raw Material Dehydration [Osobennosti struktury` kompleksa texnologicheskix operacij pri e`kskavatornoj doby`che torfa so stadijny`m obezvozhivaniem sy`r`ya], Journal of Mining Institute. 2018. vol. 231, pp. 225—234, DOI: 10.25515/ РМ1.2018.3.225 [In Russ]

3. Gharedaghloo B., Price J. S., Rezanezhad F. and Quinton W. Evaluating the hydraulic and transport properties of peat soil using pore network modeling and X-ray micro computed tomography, Journal of Hydrology. 2018. 561, 494—508.

4. Kazakov Yu. A. et al. Analysis of Machines for Open-cast Working Peat Extraction [Analiz parka mashin pri kar`ernoj doby`che torfa]. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019. vol. S20, pp. 3—13 [In Russ]

5. Zyuzin B. F. et al. Kompleksy` gorny`x mashin dlya doby`chi biotopliva na torfyany`x mestorozhdeniyax [Systems of Mining Machines for Biofuel Extraction in a Peat Deposit], deposited manuscript. 2018. no. 1121/04—18 [In Russ]

6. Oganesyan A. S. et al. Mashiny` i kompleksy` dlya resursosberegayushhej texnologii doby`chi torfodrevesnogo sy`r`ya [Mining Machines and Mining Systems for Resource Efficient Extraction of Peat and Wood Materials], Sbornik nauchno-prakticheskoj konferencii, priurochennoj ko Dnyu rossijskoj nauki Teoreticheskie issledovaniya i e`ksperimental`ny`e razrabotki studentov i aspirantov TvGTU. 2017. pp. 141—145 [In Russ]

7. Jucha W., Mareczka P. and Okupny D. Using remote sensing materials to assess the effects of peat extraction on the morphology and vegetation cover of a raised bog. Mires and Peat. 2020. Vol. 26, 19 pp. DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2019.OMB.StA.1835

8. Zyuzin B. F. et al. Uborochny`e mashiny` dlya kompleksnoj mexanizacii doby`chi torfodrevesnogo sy`r`ya [Harversting Machines for Complex Mechanization of Production of Peat and Wood Raw Materials], Sbornik XV Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-texnicheskoj konferencii Texnologicheskoe oborudovanie dlya gornoj i neftegazovoj promy`shlennosti. 2017. pp. 129—132 [In Russ]

9. Mikhailov A., Zhigulskaya A. and Yakonovskaya A. Excavating and loading equipment for peat mining, IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science. 2017. 87(2) 022014, DOI:10.1088/1755—1315/87/2/022014

10. Zyuzin B. F. et al. Sovremenny`e napravleniya modernizacii kompleksov oborudovaniya v svyazi s e`volyuciej sposobov doby`chi torfa [Modern Approaches to Mining Machinery Systems Modernization in Response to Peat Extraction Methods Development], MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2015. vol. 6 [In Russ]

11. Menegaki M., Michalakopoulos T. and Roumpos C. Exploring the effect of physical, human and technical factors on bucket wheel excavators’ efficiency: a fuzzy cognitive map approach, International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering. 2019. 10(2—4), pp. 189—204. DOI:10.1504/IJMME.2019.104447

12. Inisheva L. I. Torfyany`e pochvy`, genezis i podxody` k ix izucheniyu [Genesis of Peat Soil and Approaches to its Study], Sbornik materialov VII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii, posvyashhennoj 90-letiyu kafedry` pochvovedeniya i e`kologii pochv TGU Otrazhenie bio-, geo, antroposferny`x vzaimodejstvij v pochvax i pochvennom pokrove. 2020. pp. 57—60 [In Russ]

13. Dokuchaeva M. V. et al. Bolota osoby`j klass landshaftov [Bogs as a Specific Landscape], Sbornik mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-issledovatel`skoj konferencii molody`x ucheny`x, aspirantov, studentov i starsheklassnikov Molodezhnaya nauka v XXI veke: tradicii, innovacii, vektory` razvitiya. 2017. pp. 199—202 [In Russ]

14. Yudin S. A. Osnovny`e teoreticheskie i e`ksperimental`ny`e rezul`taty` obosnovaniya invariantov predel`ny`x napryazhenno-deformirovanny`x sostoyanij pri vzaimodejstvii rabochix organov gorny`x mashin s torfyanoj zalezh`yu [Main Practical and Theoretical Results of the Validation of Stress-Strain Behavior Thresholds for Peat Winning Machine Working Bodies during their Interaction with Peat Deposit Materials], Sbornik nauchny`x trudov Teoreticheskie, e`ksperimental`ny`e i eksperimental’nye razrabotki studentov i aspirantov Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo texnicheskogo universiteta. 2018. pp. 162—169 [In Russ]

15. Khudyakova I. N. et al. Selection and Substantiation of Parameters of Technological Equipment of Peat Extraction Complex from Natural Deposits, MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019. vol. 3 (special issue 4), pp. 3—15, DOI: 10.25018/0236—1493—2019—3-4—315 [In Russ]

16. Fomin K. V. et al. Ocenka plotnosti raspredeleniya vozdejstvij so storony` poverxnosti karty` na e`lementy` xodovy`x konstrukcij torfyanoj mashiny` [Assessment of Impact of Distribution Density from the Surface of the Peat Field to the Elements of Running Structures of a Peat Machine], Trudy` Instorfa. 2019. vol. 20 (73), pp. 32—36 [In Russ]

17. Bozhbov V. Ye. et al. Analysis of Approaches to Describing Processes of Interactions Between Chassis of Forest Machines with Logging Area Soils, Resources and Technologies. 2019. vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 13—35, DOI: 10.15393/j2.art.2019.4482 [In Russ]

18. Fyodorov B. A. et al. Analysis of Calculation Method for Determining the Module of Overall Deformation of Soft Soil, Molodezhny`j nauchny`j vestnik. 2017. vol. 11 (24), pp. 171—180 [In Russ]

19. Karmatskiy V. I. et al. Puti dostizheniya vy`sokoj proxodimosti kolesny`x dvizhitelej po torfyany`m osnovaniyam [Methods of Achieving High Wheel Chassis Performance for Movement in Peat Deposit Soils], Sbornik nauchny`x trudov Teoreticheskie, e`ksperimental`ny`e i prikladny`e issledovaniya molody`x uchyony`x Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo texnicheskogo universiteta. 2017. pp. 449—454 [In Russ]

20. Kazakov, Yu. A. Analiz uslovij funkcionirovaniya gornotransportnogo agregata dlya transportirovka e`kskavatornogo torfyanogo sy`r`ya [Analysis of Operation Conditions of Mining Transporting Machine for Excavated Peat Material Transportation], Sbornik trudov XVII Mezhdunarodnoj nauchno-texnicheskoj konferencii Texnologicheskoe oborudovanie dlya gornoj i neftegazovoj promy`shlennosti. 2019. pp. 57—60 [In Russ]

21. Bolotov A. N. et al. Teoreticheskie i e`ksperimental`ny`e issledovaniya processov v tribotexnicheskix sistemax [Theoretical and Practical Research of Tribosystem Processes‘], monograph. 2019. Tverskoj gosudarstvenny`j texnicheskix universitet, Tver’. [In Russ]

22. Chuvirina I. V. et al. Mathematical Processing of Statistical Data in a Passive Experiment, Molodezhny`j nauchny`j vestnik. 2017. vol. 11 (24), pp. 181—190 [In Russ]

23. Samson-Dô, M., St-Hilaire, A. Characterizing and modelling the trapping efficiency of sedimentation basins downstream of harvested peat bog. Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, 45, pp. 478−488, 2018. DOI:10.1139/cjce2017—0330.

24. Iakupov D. R. et al. Modelling of Cargo Motion Resistance during its Movement over the Peat Deposit Surface, MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020., vol. 12 (special issue 45), pp. 3—12, DOI: 10.25018/0236—1493—2020—12—45—3-12

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.