Geophysical research of the rock massif in underground mine conditions

Geophysical methods of research of rock mass are one of the most effective ways of solving various problems in mining and are widely used in mining, gas and oil industry, as well as in science. They allow remote search and assessment works, detection of structural inhomogeneities, voids, contact zones of various media in the rock mass with sufficient high accuracy. The article presents research and comparative analysis of geophysical methods of geophysical sensing and spectral seismo-profiling in underground mine conditions with determination of permissible tasks for which these methods are capable. In complex geophysical studies, methods of spectral seismo-profiling and geo-radar sensing in underground mine conditions have been applied. Measurements were made to search for different objects and at different angles to the object being searched. The use of geophysical methods made it possible to detect the metal shelf under the bulked rock mass with the separation of the boundaries of two tiers of the shelf during vertical measurements. In the process of searching for the underlying excavation in the mass during vertical geophysical measurements, which were carried out 20 meters from the shaft, a change in spectrum density at a depth of about 55 m was detected, which coincides with the actual location of the required mine working. The results of the search for caverns in the rock mass, when taking measurements at an angle to the object sought, showed the absence of sufficiently explicit boundaries of the caverns.

Keywords: geo-radar, geophysical research in underground conditions, shaft, rock massif, caverns, spectral seismo-profiling.
For citation:

Kharisov T.F., Mel’nik V.V., Kharisova O.D., Zamjatin A.L. Geophysical research of the rock massif in underground mine conditions. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020;(3-1):255263. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-31-0-255-263.


the Work was performed under the state Task # 075-00581-19-00 Topic № 0405-2019-0007.

Issue number: 3
Year: 2020
Page number: 255-263
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 550.8.05
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-31-0-255-263
Article receipt date: 21.11.2019
Date of review receipt: 12.02.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 20.03.2020
About authors:

Kharisov T.F.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), senior researcher, associate Professor of Mine Construction,
Mel’nik V.V.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), head of the Department of Geomechanical,
Kharisova O.D.1, researcher of ground rock displacement laboratory,
Zamyatin A.L.1, researcher of laboratory of technology for disaster risk reduction in subsoil use,
1 The Institute of Mining of the Ural branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 620075, Ekaterinburg, Russia.


For contacts:

Kharisov T.F. е-mail:


1. Andrianov S.V. Monitoring of space between lining and rock in underground mines. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019. no 5. pp. 124—132. [In Russ]

2. Gaponov D.A., Fomenko L.N., SHeremet R.D. The use of georadar in quality control of soil stabilization. Inzhenernyj vestnik Dona. 2016. no 3 (42). pp. 68—71. [In Russ]

3. Seregin M.Yu. Future Development of Ground-Penetrating Radars. Nauka i biznes: puti razvitiya. 2012. no 5 (11). pp. 70—72. [In Russ]

4. Noskevich V.V., Fedorova N.V. Using the ground penetrating radar method for research of the ancient “Vorovskaya Yama” copper mine in the South Ural. Izvestiya Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo gornogo universiteta. 2018. no 4 (52). pp. 61—67. [In Russ]

5. Kalashnik A.I., D’yakov A.Yu. Georadar research of geological-structural configuration of open pit working bench. Izvestiya vysshih uchebnyh zavedenij. Gornyj zhurnal. 2015. no 6. pp. 73—78. [In Russ]

6. Fischanger F., Morelli G., Ranieri G., Santarato G., Occhi M. 4D crossborehole electrical resistivity tomography to control resin injection for ground stabilization: a case history in Venice (Italy). Near Surface Geophysics, 2013, Vol. 11, pp. 41—50.

7. Santarato G., Ranieri G., Occhi M., Morelli G., Fischanger F., Gualerzi D. Threedimensional Electrical Resistivity Tomography to control the injection of expanding resins for the treatment and stabilization of foundation soils. Engineering Geology, 2011, Vol. 119, pp. 18–30.

8. Elsayed I.S., Alhussein A.B., Gad E., Mahfooz A.H. Shallow Seismic Refraction, Two-Dimensional Electrical Resistivity Imaging, and Ground Penetrating Radar for Imaging the Ancient Monuments at the Western Shore of Old Luxor City, Egypt. Archaeological Discovery, 2014, Vol. 2, no 2, pp. 31—43.

9. Conyers L.B. Ground-penetrating Radar for Geoarchaeology. Analytical Methods in Earth and Environmental Science N.Y.: Wiley, 2016, 160 p.

10. Dafflon B., E. Leger, F. Soom, C. Ulrich, J.E. Peterson, S.S. Hubbard. Quantification of arctic soil and permafrost properties using Ground Penetrating Radar. Proc. of 16th International Conference of Ground Penetrating Radar in The Hong Kong, 2016.

11. Harisov T.F., Zamyatin A.L., Vedernikov A.S. Features of elimination the shaft of the “S.M. Kirov” mine in Turyinsky copper mine. Problemy nedropol’zovaniya. 2015. no 2 (5). pp. 19—24. [In Russ]

12. Dalatkazin T.SH. Harisov T.F., Research of consequences of flooding of the underground mine in the residential territory. Izvestiya Tul’skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Nauki o Zemle. 2019. no 2. pp. 38—51. [In Russ]

13. Mel’nik V.V., Zamyatin A.L. Investigation of structural peculiarities of rock massif in surrounding of underground structures. Izvestiya vuzov. Gornyj zhurnal. 2008. no 8. pp. 165—171. [In Russ]

14. Mel’nik V.V. Application of spectral seismoprofylation method for assessment of geomechanical state of rock mass around mine workings. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2005. no 10. pp. 69—74. [In Russ]

15. Glikman A.G. Application of spectral-seismic profiling (SSP) for exploration of mineral deposits. Geologiya, geofizika i razrabotka neftyanyh i gazovyh mestorozhdenij. 2001. no 3. pp. 31—35. [In Russ]

16. Nabatov V.V. Increase of GPR survey effectiveness of subway tunnels construction elements by direct signal minimization. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2014. no S1. pp. 43—55. [In Russ]

17. Warren C., Giannopoulos A., Giannakis I. An advanced GPR modelling framework: The next generation of gprMax. IEEE, 2015. An advanced GPR modelling framework. pp. 1—4.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.