Hydrogeological supervision of kimberlite mining in permafrost zone in Western Yakutia

Hydrogeological supervision of mining makes it possible to obtain full information on the spread, conditions, feed, permeability and behavior of aquifers, rocks and groundwater during mineral mining. At the present time, ALROSA has a hydrogeological service that solves current problems connected with the hydrogeological supervision of mining operations at kimberlite pipes in Western Yakutia. Departments of chief hydrogeologists in the structure of mining and processing plants perform hydrogeological monitoring immediately in surface and underground mines. The hydrogeological supervision of mineral mining uses, first of all, the data of full-scale and lab-scale investigations and theoretical analyses. The main problems solved in the course of the integrated research are described. The changes in the cryo-hydrogeological conditions at mineral deposits being mined are predicted together with their impact on the monitoring and control methods. The main adversaries to arise in mineral mining at greater depths are identified. The promising trends of research required to continue safe diamondbearing kimberlite mining in the permafrost zone are proposed, including the scientific methodology framework, which is essential for the further generation of new engineering solutions and their introduction in the industry.

Keywords: Yakutia diamond province, primary diamond deposit, hydrogeological modeling, hydrogeological service, hydrogeological survey, saturated and nonsaturated brines, water inflows, ALROSA.
For citation:

Yannikov A. M., Zyryanov I. V., Korepanov A. Yu. Hydrogeological supervision of kimberlite mining in permafrost zone in Western Yakutia. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(7):169-179. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_7_0_169.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 7
Year: 2024
Page number: 169-179
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 556.334
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_7_0_169
Article receipt date: 18.11.2023
Date of review receipt: 25.12.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.06.2024
About authors:

A.M. Yannikov1, Cand. Sci. (Geol. Mineral.), Deputy Director for Research, e-mail: YannikovAM@alrosa.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2169-123Х,
I.V. Zyryanov, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Head of Chair, Mirny Polytechnic Institute, Branch of the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Mirny, Russia, e-mail: iv.zyrianov@s-vfu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4346-6671,
A.Yu. Korepanov1, Head of Department, e-mail: KorepanovAYu@alrosa.ru,
1 «Yakutniproalmaz» Institute, PJSC «ALROSA», Mirny, Russia.

 

For contacts:

A.M. Yannikov, e-mail: yannikov90@mail.ru.

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