Geological, geotechnical and geoecological problems of reclamation of land disturbed by dumping in open pit coal mining in Kuzbass

The article discusses reclamation of external dumps in coal fields in Kuzbass. Open pit coal mining in this region necessitates efficient overburden dumping and subsequent reclamation of dumping-disturbed land. Based on the scientific and technical literature review, auditing of geological conditions, as well as in-situ and lab-scale studies of manmade deposits, the main factors which govern formation of natural-and-technical systems and their influence on the natural environment are revealed. The test dumping areas feature the change in the natural landscape and the origination of another manmade (adoptive) landscape which drastically differs from the initial terrain. The geotechnical conditions of dumping in the region are analyzed as function of composition of overburden and progression of technogenesis processes which govern stability of geotechnical slopes. It is highlighted that fertility of land disturbed by dumping recovers owing to generation of manmade eluvium on the land surface. It is justified that reclamation of hydraulic fills is possible through dry rock dumping on their surface, at different thickness depending on needs of a mine. The research findings prove usability of overburden in coal mining as safe and potentially fertile soil for biological reclamation. The recommendations on the selection of reclamation methods and technologies subject to properties of overburden, as well as type and parameters of dumps as a natural-and-technical system are given.

Keywords: geological and geotechnical conditions, geoecological conditions, coal, external dump, hydraulic fill, reclamation, fertile layer, manmade landscape.
For citation:

Kutepov Yu. I., Kutepova N. A., Mukhina A. S., Moseykin V. V. Geological, geotechnical and geoecological problems of reclamation of land disturbed by dumping in open pit coal mining in Kuzbass. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(5):5-24. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_5_0_5.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 5
Year: 2022
Page number: 5-24
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.271.45
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_5_0_5
Article receipt date: 16.03.2022
Date of review receipt: 24.03.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2022
About authors:

Yu.I. Kutepov1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Head of Laboratory, e-mail: koutepovy@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-3698-3072,
N.A. Kutepova1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Chief Researcher, e-mail: koutepovy@mail.ru, 
A.S. Mukhina1, Graduate Student, e-mail: aleksandra_sergeevna94@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0707-8914,
V.V. Moseykin, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Mining Institute, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: moseykin@inbox.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-2286-1480,
1 Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

 

For contacts:

Yu.I. Kutepov, e-mail: koutepovy@mail.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Tarazanov I. G., Gubanov D. A. Russia's coal industry performance for January—June 2021. Ugol'. 2021, no. 9, pp. 25—36. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18796/0041-5790-2021-9-25-36.

2. Mironenko I. A., Protasov S. I. Reduction of coal losses by combined open cast and underground mining of periferal reserves from the pit side. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2019, no. 1 (131), pp. 59—65. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.26730/19994125-2019-1-59-65.

3. Galperin A. M., Moseykin V. V., Pynevskiy S. A., Semenova E. A. Problems of geomechanics and engineering geology in man-made massives. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. S1, pp. 5—13. [In Russ]. DOI 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-1-1-5-13.

4. Galperin M., Moseikin V. V., Kutepov Yu. I., Derevyankin V. V. Assessment of state of water-saturated mine waste for the justification of engineering structure designs at open pit mines. Eurasian Mining. 2017, no. 1, pp. 6–9. DOI: 10.17580/em.2017.01.02.

5. Koutepov Yu. I., Koutepova N. A., Karasev M. A., Fomenko N. G. Geomechanical substantiation of «dry» waste rock accumulation within hydraulic sludge dumps. Geoekologiya. Inzhenernaya geologiya. Gidrogeologiya. Geokriologiya. 2015, no. 3, pp. 220—225. [In Russ].

6. Kutepov Yu. I., Kutepova N. A., Vasileva А. D., Mukhina A. S. Engineering-geological and ecological concerns in operation and reclamation of high slope dumps at open-pit mines in

Kuzbass. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 8, pp. 164–178. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02 36_1493_2021_8_0_164.

7. Kutepov Yu. I., Kutepova N. A., Karasev M. A. Kutepov Yu. Yu. Prediction of deformation of hydraulic-mine dumps overlaid with dump embankment. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2016, no. 12, pp. 23—27. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2016.12.05.

8. Bakhaeva S. P., Ananenko E. V. Conditions of dry-placed filling in footwall. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 9, pp. 55–64. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-9-0-55-64.

9. Bahaeva S. P., Protasov S. I., Kostjukov E. V., Fedoseev A. I., Praktika S. V. Study of hydrogeomechanical processes of technogenic massives. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2005, no. 3, pp. 41—43. [In Russ].

10. Vasil'eva A. D. Inzhenerno-geologicheskoe obosnovanie ustoychivosti vysokikh otvalov ugol'nykh mestorozhdeniy Kuzbassa [Engineering-geological substantiation of the stability of high dumps of Kuzbass coal deposits], Candidate’s thesis, Saint-Petersburg, SPbGU, 2020, 22 p.

11. Cheskidov V. V., Manevich A. I., Lipina A. V. Big data obtaining and analysis in the mining structures state monitoring practice. Russian Mining Industry. 2019, no. 2(144), pp. 86—88. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.30686/1609-9192-2019-2-144-86-88.

12. Cheskidov V. V., Grobler H., Kurenkov D. S., Lipina A. V. Slope Monitoring Systems Design for Mining Enterprises. E3S Web of Conferences. 2020, vol. 174, article 01025. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202017401025.

13. Cheskidov V. V., Lipina A. V., Manevich A. I., Kurenkov D. S. Status monitoring of sloping structures. Topical Issues of Rational Use of Natural Resources — Proceedings of the International Forum-Contest of Young Researchers. Saint-Petersburg, 2019, pp. 41—47. DOI: 10.1201/9780429398063.

14. Zhabko A. V. On problems and modern methods of evaluating the stability of slides on open mountain works. Problems of Subsoil Use. 2018, no. 3(18), pp. 96—107. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25635/2313-1586.2018.03.096.

15. Boguslavskiy A. E., Androhanov V. A., Kolmagorova Ju. O., Uzhogova A. A., Gossen I. N., Saeva O. P. Geochemical background of heavy metals in soils and plants on the coal mine spoil sites. Izvestiya Altayskogo otdeleniya Russkogo geograficheskogo obshchestva. 2021, no. 2(61), pp. 40—50. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.24412/2410-1192-2021-16104.

16. Ufimtsev V. I., Androkhanov V. A., Kupriyanov O. A., Ufimtsev F. G. Fertile soil layer as a factor of recovery of zonal phytocenoses on coal industry dumps. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2019, no. 6(136), pp. 64—71. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.26730/1999-4125-2019-6-64-71.

17. Soloviev S., Semina I. S., Androkhanov V. A., Shipilova A. M. Restoration of vegetation cover in reclaimed areas with coal preparation waste in Kuzbass. E3S Web of Conferences. 2021, vol. 244, article 01015. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/202124401015.

18. Shipilova A. M., Semina I. S. Assessment of the soil-ecological state of technogenic landscapes of the Kuznetsk basin (Kuzbass) depending on the technology of reclamation of disturbed lands. Izvestiya Ural’skogo gosudarstvennogo gornogo universiteta. 2017, no. 3(47), pp. 53—56. [In Russ]. DOI: 21440/2307-2091-2017-3-53-56.

19. Kuznetsova I. V., Zharikov V. P. Engineering-geological substantiation of reshaping wave-built solid masses with partial removal of hydraulic mine dump. Journal of Mining Institute. 2011, vol. 189, pp. 50—53. [In Russ].

20. Protosenya A. G., Kutepov Yu. Yu. Stability estimation of hydraulic fills in undermined areas. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 3, pp. 97—112. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2019-03-0-97-112.

21. Gridina E. B., Rudakov M. L., Rumiantseva A. M. Evaluation of stability of sides of quarries and dumps on the basis of a risk-oriented approach. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu. 2020, no. 4, pp. 47—52. DOI: 10.33271/nvngu/2020-4/047.

22. Hansbo S. Experience of consolidation process from test areas with and without vertical drains. Ground Improvement Case Histories. Embankments with Special Reference to Consolidation and Other Physical Methods. 2015, pp. 33—82. DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-08-1001929.00002-8.

23. Ufimtsev V. I., Ufimtsev F. G. Reforestation of taiga on dumps of coal mines of Mezhdurechensk town. Vestnik Kuzbasskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. 2019, no. 1 (131), pp. 101—108. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.26730/1999-4125-2019-1-101-108.

24. Myaskov A., Kostyuk S., Marinova D. Development of the characterizing indicators for the existing biodiversity and natural ecosystems and their role in habitat formation. E3S Web of Conferences. 2019, vol. 105, article 02009. DOI: 10.1051/e3sconf/201910502009.

25. Cheskidov V. I., Bobyl'skiy A. S. Technological and environmental aspects of overburden dumping in the Kuzbass open pits. Fiziko-tekhnicheskiye problemy razrabotki poleznykh iskopayemykh. 2017, no. 5, pp. 96—104. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.15372/FTPRPI20170511.

26. Fomin S. I. Faul A. A. Ways to reduce the environmental burden on mining regions. Journal of Mining Institute. 2013, vol. 203, pp. 215. [In Russ].

27. Meier T., Wolffersdorff P.,Tamaskovics N. Neuartiger Standsicherheitsnachweis für verflüssigungsgefährdete Kippen. Fachsektionstage der DGGTe. V. Würzburg. 2017, pp. 1—9.

28. Seredin V. V., Khrulev A. S., Andreiko S. S., Galkin V. I. Possibilities for calculating the stress state of rocks during their uniaxial tension and compression. AIP Conference Proceedings. 2020, vol. 2216, no. 1, article 020011. DOI: 10.1063/5.0003676.

29. Seredin V. V., Khrulev A. S., Rasstegaev A. V., Galkin V. I. Procedure of stress state assessment in rocks. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2020, no. 2, pp. 30—34. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2020.02.03.

30. Cheremikhina A. P. Otsenka zakonomernostey izmeneniya inzhenerno-geologicheskikh usloviy ustoychivosti gidrootvalov vskryshnykh porod v zavisimosti ot etapa ekspluatatsii [Evaluation of patterns of change in engineering-geological conditions for the stability of overburden hydraulic dumps depending on the stage of operation], Candidate’s thesis, Saint-Petersburg, SPbGU, 2014, 23 p.

31. Fel'dman E. P., Vasilenko T. A., Kalugina N. A. Physical kinetics of coal-methane system: Mass transfer, pre-outburst events. Journal of Mining Science. 2014, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 448— 464. DOI: 10.1134/S1062739114030077.

32. Pashkevich M. A., Petrova T. A., Sverchkov I. P. Moist waste coal properties and recycling prospects. Obogashchenie Rud. 2017, no. 1(367), pp. 46—50. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/ or.2017.01.09.

33. Avgushevich I. V., Sidoruk E. I., Bronovets T. M. Standartnye metody ispytaniya ugley. Klassifikatsii ugley. 2-e izd. [Standard methods for testing coals. Classifications of coals, 2nd edition], Moscow, 2018, 574 p.

34. Batugin A. S., Kobylkin A. S., Musina V. R. Investigation of the influence of the geodynamic position of coal-bearing dumps on their endogenous fire hazard. Journal of Mining Institute. 2021, vol. 250, pp. 526—533. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2021.4.5.

35. Fotina N. V., Emel'yanenko V. P., Vorob'eva E. E., Burova N. V., Ostapova E. V. Contemporary biological methods of mine reclamation in the Kemerovo Region — Kuzbass. Food Processing: Techniques and Technology. 2021, no. 4, pp. 869—882. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.21603/20749414-2021-4-869-882.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.