Mining waste recycling in the Ural

The Ural takes one of the first places among the Russian regions in terms of waste currently in storage and being persistently accumulated by the mining industry. By estimates, the volume of the currently accumulated industrial waste in the Ural is 9 Bt. Dump piles and tailings ponds of mineral mining and processing drastically transform natural landscapes and contaminate soil and air with toxic substances and compounds. Mining-induced damage affects industrial and agricultural areas, as well as forest funds: industrial areas grow while the agricultural land and the forest fund diminish. Gangue dumps and tailings ponds cause numerous ecological and economical problems. It is of the current concern to start using this waste in different industries. Overburden rocks and side rocks still contain minerals but are placed on ground surface in dumps and gob piles. This waste belongs to hazard category V and is assumed as nonhazardous. The primary user of this waste may be the construction industry, particularly construction of traffic arteries in the northern and arctic regions. Roadbed construction technologies consume considerable volumes of earth which is quite substitutable with mining waste. Recycling of mining and processing waste in road construction can solve two major problems connected with improvement of ecological situation in mining areas and preservation of nature along future roads.

Keywords: ecology, barren rock, dumps, Ural, highway engineering, railway.
For citation:

Tarasov P. I., Khazin M. L., Apakashev R. A. Mining waste recycling in the Ural. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(1):21-31. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-10-21-31.


The study was carried out under the State Contract with the Ural State Mining University, No. 0833-2020-0008: Development and Ecological–Economical Justification of Reclamation Technology for Miningand Metallurgy-Disturbed Land Using Novel Improvers and Fertilizers, using the equipment of the Federal Research Center of Biological Systems and Agrotechnologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, No. Ross RU.0001.21 PF59, Unified Russian Register for Shared Use Centers; available at:

Issue number: 1
Year: 2021
Page number: 21-31
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.54
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-1-0-21-31
Article receipt date: 13.01.2020
Date of review receipt: 17.09.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.12.2020
About authors:

P.I. Tarasov, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Deputy Director for Science, «Perspektiva-M» Ltd, 620219, Ekaterinburg, Russia, e-mail:,
M.L. Khazin1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail:,
R.A. Apakashev1, Doctor of Chemical Sciences, professor, e-mail:,
1 Ural State Mining University, 620144, Ekaterinburg, Russia.


For contacts:

M.L. Khazin, e-mail:


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