Study of degradation of accumulators as part of the traction plant of quarry dump trucks

The paper presents the results of tests of lithium-iron-phosphate (LFP) cells, the purpose of which is to obtain an aging model of a traction battery (TAB) as part of the drive of an electric mining dump truck. The trend of modernization of vehicles used in mining is considered, taking into account the introduction of electrochemical energy storage devices into the traction unit. The analysis of current loads arising during work in a quarry is carried out. Based on the data obtained, an experimental matrix was formed, which includes degradation factors: currents in charge and discharge modes, as well as the frequency of mode changes characterized by the duration of time under traction. A series of tests was carried out on a specialized stand that forms the necessary current form, as well as supports simultaneous testing of up to 30 cells. For all experiments, the current currents, voltage and temperature of the cell were recorded. Based on the test results, cell degradation curves for various load modes are constructed. It is revealed that the cells loaded with high traction currents, braking and the duration of the traction mode are subject to the greatest wear, while the least is the long–term effect of a low traction current with a low braking current. The obtained results can be applied for a more accurate prediction of the degree of degradation of the TAB, as well as optimization of the algorithms of the battery management system.

Keywords: dump truck, electric transport, lithium battery, chemical current source, lithiumiron-phosphate, degradation, energy recovery, full factor experiment.
For citation:

Dedov S. I., Shtang A. A., Abramov E. Yu. Study of degradation of accumulators as part of the traction plant of quarry dump trucks. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(122):102—114. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_122_0_102.


The study was carried out with the financial support of the RFBR and the State Research Institute of China within the framework of the scientific project No. 20-5853055 — «Study of the influence of forced and heavy cyclic charge and discharge modes on the physicochemical characteristics of functional materials and the life of lithium batteries».

Issue number: 12
Year: 2022
Page number: 102-114
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 621.355
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_122_0_102
Article receipt date: 24.01.2022
Date of review receipt: 27.09.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.11.2022
About authors:

DedovS. I.1, assistant, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-4750-3927;
Shtang A. A.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9772-1784;
Abramov E. Yu.1, assistant, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-5013-3288;
1 Novosibirsk State Technical University,630073, Novosibirsk, Russia.


For contacts:

Dedov S. I., e-mail:


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