Analysis of gold mining waste accumulations as landscape systems

This work highlights the depletion of natural resources and accumulation of useful minerals in mining waste dumps and tailings ponds. One of the ways to solve this problem is mining waste processing. In Russia, this practice is poorly developed, and there are a few problems that prevent its full implementation in production. The critical point in this regard is an appropriate regulatory framework and provision of the governmental support to subsoil users. The backbone sectors in the economy of Russia are the gold mining and gold processing industries. In this study, gold-bearing mining waste is discussed in the context of the preliminary appraisal procedure under development. The environmental problems are considered as a set of contradictions between consumption and self-regeneration of natural resources. The generalized criteria for estimation and prediction of environmental indicators of manmade deposits are determined. For the environmental assessment and forecasting, it is proposed to use the generalized criteria and information technologies applied to landscape systems. To that end, it is possible to use the mathematical apparatus of the potential theory.

Keywords: man-made deposits, efficiency, generalized state indicators, information technologies, assessment and forecasting of the situation, landscape, environmental problems, gold, potential theory.
For citation:

Petukhova I. I., Balandin O. A. Analysis of gold mining waste accumulations as landscape systems. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(3-2):81-89. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_32_0_81.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 3
Year: 2021
Page number: 81-89
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.1; 504.5405; 504.06
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_32_0_81
Article receipt date: 20.11.2020
Date of review receipt: 13.01.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.02.2021
About authors:

Petukhova I. I.1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Head of the Department of OPI and VS;
Balandin O. A.2, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), professor Department of Applied Mechanics and Mathematics;
1 Transbaikal State University, Chita, Russia;
2 Transbaikal Institute of Railway Transport — a branch of the Irkutsk State University of Railways, Chita, Russia.

 

For contacts:
Bibliography:

1. Myazin V. P., Narkelyun L. F., Trubachev A. I. i dr. Veshchestvennyj sostav poleznyh iskopaemyh i osnovnye rezul'taty ih obogashcheniya [The material composition of minerals and the main results of their enrichment]. Uchebnoe posobie. Ch.1. Chita: ChitGTU, 1998. 91 p. [In Russ]

2. Belyaev V. N. Problems of development of technogenic formations. Izv. Vuzov. Gornyj zhurnal. 1998. no. 7—8. pp. 202—213. [In Russ]

3. Rasskazov I. Yu., Grekhnev N. I., Aleksandrova T. N. Technogenic deposits in the dumps of mining and processing plants of the Far Eastern region. Tihookeanskaya geologiya. 2014. T. 33 pp. 102—114. [In Russ]

4. Tal'gamer B. L. Prospects of involvement in the re-operation of technogenic drazhny polygons / / MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2009. no. 5. pp. 307—311 [In Russ]

5. Talovskaya A. V. Obshchie ponyatiya o mineralogii tekhnogennyh obrazovanij [General concepts of mineralogy of te,chnogenic formations] kaf. GEGH IPR TPU/ Internet– resurs: http://portal./shared/t/talovskaya/uchebnaya_rabota/mineralogiya_tehnogen/tab1/ lk_1%20mto.pdf. [In Russ]

6. Orekhova N. N., Shadrunova I. V., Zelinskaya E. V., Volkova N. A. Resursy tekhnogennogo mineral'nogo syr'ya Urala i Sibiri: osnovnye rezul'taty issledovanij, perspektivy ih osvoeniya [Resources of technogenic mineral raw materials of the Urals and Siberia: main results of research, prospects for their development]. Innovacionnye processy kompleksnoj pererabotki prirodnogo i tekhnogennogo mineral'nogo syr'ya. Sbornik material Plaksinskie chteniya 2020. Materialy mezhdunarodnoj konferencii. 2020. pp. 24—28. [In Russ]

7. Chanturiya V. A., Vajsberg L. A., Kozlov A. P. Priority directions of research in the field of processing of mineral raw materials. Obogashchenie rud. 2014. no. 2. pp. 3—9. [In Russ]

8. Chanturiya V. A., Kozlov A. P. Sovremennye problemy kompleksnoj pererabotki trudnoobogatimyh rud i tekhnogennogo syr'ya [Modern problems of complex processing of hard-to-enrich ores and technogenic raw materials]. Sovremennye problemy kompleksnoj pererabotki trudnoobogatimyh rud i tekhnogennogo syr'ya (Plaksinskie chteniya-2017) : mater. mezhdunar. nauch. konf. Krasnoyarsk: Sibirskij federal'nyj un-t, 2017. pp. 3—6. [In Russ]

9. Mel'nikov N. N., Busyrev V. M. Method for evaluating the efficiency of development of technogenic deposits. Izv. vuzov. Gornyj zhurnal. 2016. no. 7. pp. 20—26. [In Russ]

10. Rasskazov I. Yu., Litvincev V. S., Mirzekhanov G. S., Banshchikova T. S. Priority directions of development of technogenic complexes of ore-placer deposits. Nedropol'zovanie. HKHI vek. 2016. no. 1. pp. 46—55. [In Russ]

11. Mandra Yu. A., Stepanenko E. E., Pospelova O. A. Tekhnogennye sistemy i ekologicheskij risk [Technogenic systems and environmental risk: a course of lectures]: kurs lekcij: uchebnoe posobie. Stavropol': StGAU, 2015. 100 p. [In Russ]

12. Lag-Brotons A. J., Velenturf A. P. M., Crane R., Head I. M., Purnell P., Semple K. T. Resource Recovery From Waste. Frontiers in Environmental Science. 2020. Vol. 8. P. 35. DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2020.00035.

13. Piatak N. M., Parsons M. B., Seal II R. R. Characteristics and environmental aspects of slag: A review. Applied Geochemistry. 2015. Vol. 57. pp. 236—266.

14. Hurwicz L. The Design of Mechanisms for Resource Allocation. The American Economic Review. 1973. Vol. 63. no. 2. pp. 1—30.

15. Markulik Š., Cehlár M., Kozel R. Process approach in the mining conditions. Acta Montanistica Slovaca. 2018. Vol. 23. no. 1. pp. 46—52.

16. Balandin O. A., Reznik Yu. N. Energitecheskie aspekty ocenki sostoyaniya geoficheskih i ekologicheskih sistem. Strukturnaya organizaciya i vzaimodejstviya uporyadochnyh socioprirodnyh sistem [Energy aspects of assessing the state of geophysical and ecological systems. Structural organization and interaction of decent socio-natural systems]: Vladivostok: Dal'nauka, 1998. pp. 226—231. [In Russ]

17. Fokov, R. I. Ekologicheskaya rekonstrukciya i ozdorovlenie urbanizirovannoj sredy [Ecological reconstruction and improvement of the urbanized environment]. Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Associacii stroitel'nyh vuzov (ASV), 2012. 303 p. [In Russ]

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.