Change in properties of manmade soil in reclamation using peat–diatomite improver

The urgency of the environmental problems in mining-disturbed areas is obvious due to the high manmade load. The natural landscape is changed, air is polluted, soil and water bodies are contaminated with heavy metals, manmade accidents take place, etc. Recultivation of such territories is usually complicated by the lack of the required reclamation layer of soil. It is necessary to select the most cost-effective reclamation method using materials that can rehabilitate disturbed lands. In this regard, the use of new improvers is a fairly promising and effective way to recover the ecological characteristics of areas of land violations. The article presents the results of applied research into reclamation horizon formation using peat–diatomite improver (PDI). Planting of grass vegetation on reclamation ground surface, with regard to regional environmental optimization measures and zonal features, can ensure creation of sod to prevent deflation and water erosion. The results of the experimental data on the use of PDI on variously violated lands, either contaminated by oil or containing increased concentrations of copper ions, are analyzed.

Keywords: peat, sapropel, diatomite, reclamation, destruction, bioremediation, phytoremediation, improver.
For citation:

Usmanov A. I., Gorbunov A. V. Change in properties of manmade soil in reclamation using peat–diatomite improver. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(5—2):283—294. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_52_0_283.

Acknowledgements:

The research was supported by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in accordance with the state contract with the Ural State Mining University, No. 0833-2020-0008 Development and Environmental and Economic Substantiation of Reclamation Technology for Mining and Metallurgy-Disturbed Land Using New-Type Improvers and Fertilizers. The studies are performed with the help of the staff and scientific equipment of the Center for Shared Use at the Federal Scientific Center of Biological Systems and Agricultural Technologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, No. Ross RU.0001.21 PF59 in Unified Russian Register of Centers for Shared Use: http: // www.ckp-rf.ru/ckp/77384.

Issue number: 5
Year: 2021
Page number: 283-294
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 502.654
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_52_0_283
Article receipt date: 27.01.2021
Date of review receipt: 15.03.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.04.2021
About authors:

Usmanov A. I.1,2, junior researcher, laboratories for reclamation of disturbed lands and manmade objects, junior researcher Laboratory of Ecology of mining production, albert3179@ mail.ru;
Gorbunov A. V.2, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor of the Department of Nature Management and Water Use;
1 Institute of Mining Ural branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ekaterinburg, Russiа;
2 Ural State Mining University, Ekaterinburg, Russiа.

 

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