Investigation of tectonic faults in coal seams using horizontal directional drilling from temporary roadways

Authors: Grib N.N

Today there are many methods to predict tectonic faults within the limits of mine fields. However, the data provided by these methods are not always sufficiently accurate and reliable. As a consequence, faults are often located when uncovering coal seams or even in the course of longwalling. In Inagli Mine in Yakutia, the tectonic faulting of coal seam D15 was investigated at the stage of the seam preparation for mining using an innovative approach— horizontal directional drilling from temporary roadways. The goal was to survey in detail the tectonic structure of the mine field. Drilling involved no core sampling but included recording of zenith and azimuth angles at an interval of 3 m, as well as the gamma ray logging in real time. In this manner, the direct source of the geological information is drill cuttings. All in all, 4 holes with 65 branches were drilled. The main factors for location of tectonic faults were: the vertical displacements in the seam roof, the leaps in the dip and thickness of the seam, the technology factors of drilling (circulation fluid consumption, drilling tool seizure, etc.). Based on the information obtained during drilling in the test site, the actual elevations were determined, and the hypsometric map of the floor of coal seam D15 was plotted. It is found that the test site is complicated with the low-amplitude tectonic faults, including both plicative and disjunctive dislocations. A fault displacement with an amplitude of 6.4 m and a flexure with an amplitude of 24 m are revealed.

Keywords: tectonic faults, horizontal directional drilling, gamma ray logging, coal seam floor hypsometry.
For citation:

Grib N. N. Investigation of tectonic faults in coal seams using horizontal directional drilling from temporary roadways. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(2):35-50. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_2_0_35.

Issue number: 2
Year: 2024
Page number: 35-50
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.14
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_2_0_35
Article receipt date: 29.05.2023
Date of review receipt: 04.07.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.01.2024
About authors:

N.N. Grib, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Deputy Director for Research, Neryungri Technical Institute (branch) of North-Eastern Federal University, 678960, Neryungri, Russia, e-mail:, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-9237-0292, Scopus ID: 55769374800.


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