Applicability of hydrodynamic cavitation treatment of ash materials in sequestration and utilization of CO2

Utilization is a way of reclamation of toxic industrial waste such as fly ash and ash residue. Fossil fuel energy is going to remain the main source of the global energy supply in the coming years. The lack of the effective control strategy can aggravate the problem connected with ash content in the environment therefore. Capture, utilization and storage of carbon open opportunities for various-way utilization of ash–as a capture material, as a permanent storage medium of CO2 through mineralization, as well as a catalyst or a catalyst carrier for the processes of carbon dioxide utilization. This article discusses the efficiency of hydrodynamic cavitation treatment in optimization of capture and storage of greenhouse gas CO2. The test materials were ash powders of Kansk–Achinsk coal combustion and waste of ceramic production from these powders, treated in rotary hydrodynamic generator. The changes in the physicochemical properties of the powders were analyzed using optical microscopy, X-ray phase analysis, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and nuclear gamma resonance (Mossbauer effect). As a result of the hydrodynamic treatment of the test samples, substantial reduction in size of ash particles, separation of manganese and iron phases, as well as ultra fine variation in population of various-valency iron in iron-bearing part of the samples of ceramic foams were observed. These effects can promote an increase in reactivity of the test samples in the technologies of sequestration and utilization of CO2. This inference agrees with the data from the available literature sources.

Keywords: cavitation, CO2 sequestration, hydrodynamic treatment, utilization of CO2, carbon dioxide, ash, carbonization, mineralization.
For citation:

Stebeleva O. P., Kashkina L. V., Bayukov O. A., Minakov A. V., Pikurova E. V. Applicability of hydrodynamic cavitation treatment of ash materials in sequestration and utilization of CO2. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(2):151-167. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2024_2_0_151.

Acknowledgements:

The study was carried out under the state contract with the Siberian Federal University, Contract No. FSRZ-2020-0012. The optical analysis of the test samples was carried out under the state contract with the Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Project No. FWES-2021-0014, using equipment of the Shared Use Center at the Krasnoyarsk Science Center SB RAS.

Issue number: 2
Year: 2024
Page number: 151-167
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 502.13
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_2_0_151
Article receipt date: 17.05.2023
Date of review receipt: 20.09.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.01.2024
About authors:

O.P. Stebeleva1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: opstebeleva@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9559-1522,
L.V. Kashkina1, Cand. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: sfugeo@mail.ru,
O.A. Bayukov, Dr. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Leading Researcher, Federal Research Center «Krasnoyarsk Science Center of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 660036, Krasnoyarsk, Russia, e-mail: helg@iph.krasn.ru,
A.V. Minakov1, Dr. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Assistant Professor, Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 630090, Novosibirsk, Russia, e-mail: tov-andrey@yandex.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1956-5506,
E.V. Pikurova1, Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Researcher, Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 660036, Krasnoyarsk, Russia; Master’s Degree Student, e-mail: vitaelen@gmail.com, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7558-6358,
1 Siberian Federal University, 660074, Krasnoyarsk, Russia.

 

For contacts:

O.P. Stebeleva, e-mail: opstebeleva@mail.ru.

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