Comprehensive research of the effect of potassium and sodium nitrates on arsenopyrite in a intermediate product of enrichment

The object of the research was the intermediate product of ore enrichment from the mining and processing plant “Solnechny”, which is a polymineral raw material. The problem of removal of arsenopyrite and arsenic compounds and obtaining pure tin from this intermediate product of beneficiation is acute. Previously, the interaction of arsenopyrite with potassium and sodium nitrates was modeled in the program complex Thermo-Calc and the optimal composition and ratio of these nitrates for the qualitative course of the impact reaction on arsenopyrite were revealed. An alternative method of arsenic concentration reduction in polymineral raw materials was proposed. Laboratory studies of the effect of potassium nitrate and sodium nitrate on arsenopyrite were carried out in order to verify the results of computer modeling: thermogravimetric (TG) and differential thermal analysis (DTA). The experiment on influence of potassium and sodium nitrate mixture confirmed the data of thermodynamic modeling, but also revealed new compounds formed during the experiment. The elemental composition was determined by micro-X-ray spectral analysis method, and then the mineralogical composition of the original milled beneficiation intermediate product and the intermediate product with the addition of potassium and sodium nitrate was analyzed, and the compositions were analyzed after heat treatment at 700 ℃.

Keywords: arsenopyrite, pyrite, arsenic, cassiterite, minerals, scanning electron microscopy, potassium nitrate, sodium nitrate.
For citation:

Doroshenko E. M., Rasskazova A. V., Kim E. D., Panshin I. О. Comprehensive research of the effect of potassium and sodium nitrates on arsenopyrite in a intermediate product of enrichment. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2023;(12-1):40—52. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.2501 8/0236_1493_2023_122_0_40.


The authors would like to thank Ermakov Mikhail Alexandrovich for help in obtaining data for the study on Hitachi SU-70 scanning electron microscope, Doroshenko Kirill Vladimirovich for assistance in thermodynamic modeling, as well as JSC “ORK” for providing samples of intermediate product of cassiterite concentrate enrichment.

Issue number: 12
Year: 2023
Page number: 40-52
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.7.051.7
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2023_122_0_40
Article receipt date: 05.10.2023
Date of review receipt: 23.10.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.11.2023
About authors:

Doroshenko E. M., orcid: 0009−0008−5626−9830, Postgraduate student of the Higher School of Industrial Engineering, Pacific National University (PNU), Khabarovsk, Russia,;
Rasskazova A. V., orcid: 0000−0002−6998−8120, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor of the Higher School of Industrial Engineering, Pacific National University (PNU), Khabarovsk, Russia,;
Kim E. D., Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Associate Professor of the Higher School of Industrial Engineering, Pacific National University (PNU), Khabarovsk, Russia,;
Pan’shin I. O., Laboratory assistant of the Department of Innovation Policy and Development of the Pacific National University, Khabarovsk, Russia,

For contacts:

1. Yusupov T. S., Kondrat’ev S. A., Baksheeva I. I. Production-induced cassiterite-sulfide mineral formation structural-chemical and technological properties. Obogashchenie rud. 2016. no.5 DOI 10.17580/or.2016.05.05.

2. Martin Okrusch, Hartwing E. Frimmel Mineralogy: An Introduction to Minerals, Rocks, and Mineral Deposits Berlin, Germany: Springer Textbooks in Earth Sciences, Geography and Environment, 2020. 719 p.

3. Ignatov D. O., Kayumov A. A., Ignatkina V. A. Selective separation of arseniccontaining sulfide minerals. Tsvetnye metally/ 2018/ no.7 DOI10.17580/tsm.2018.07.05.

4. Gurman, M. A. Thermochemical techniques in gold-bearing pyrite–arsenopyrite concentrate processing. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2013. no. 4. p. 180−186.

5. Moldurushku M. O. Development of technology of manufacturing mice from wastes of ammonia-autoclave processing of cobalt ores : Abstract of thesis for the degree of Candidate of Technical Sciences. Kyzyl: Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Siberian Branch (SB), Tuva Institute for the Integrated Development of Natural Resources,2018. 22 p.

6. Ri-jin Cheng, Hong-wei Ni, Hua Zhang, Xiao-kun Zhang, and Si-cheng Bai. Mechanism research on arsenic removal from arsenopyrite ore during a sintering process. Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater., Vol. 24, No. 4, Apr. 2017 p. 353−359.

7. Yin L, Yang H, Tong L, Ma P, Zhang Q and Zhao M. Arsenopyrite Bio-Oxidization Behavior in Bioleaching Process: Evidence From Laser Microscopy, SEM-EDS, and XPS. Front. Microbiol. 2020. Vol. 11. Article 1773. p. 12,

8. Barahona S., Herrera E., Jara A., Castro-Severyn J., Gallardo K., Fuentes G., Dorador C., Saavedra C., Remonsellez F. Arsenopyrite Dissolution and Bioscorodite Precipitation by Acidithiobacillus ferrivorans ACH under Mesophilic Condition.. Minerals. 2022, 12 p.

9. Mikhail S. A., Turcotte A. M. Thermal decomposition of arsenopyrite in the presence of calcium oxide. Thermochimica Acta. 1992. Vol. 212. p. 27−37, 040−6031(92)80217-K.

10. Pan, X.; Liu, L.-Z.; Nie, Z.-Y.; Xia, J.-L. MnO2 Drives the Green Decomposition of Arsenopyrite by Mediating the Fate of Arsenic to Generate FeAsO4. Minerals. 2023. no.13. 17 p.

11. Ilhwan Park, Carlito Tabelin, Hiroyuki Inano, Kensuke Seno, Kazuki Higuchi, Mayumi Ito and Naoki Hiroyoshi Formation of surface protective coatings on arsenopyrite using Al-catecholate complex and its mode of inhibition of arsenopyrite oxidation. MATEC Web of Conferences– 2019 –5 p.

12. Baláz P., Balassaová M. Thermal decomposition of mechanically activated arsenopyrite.. Journal of Thermal Analysis. 1994. no.41, p. 1101–1107. DOI: 10.1007/ BF02547199.

13. Jing-cheng Wang, Lei Li, and Yong Yu. Tin recovery from a low-grade tin middling with high Si content and low Fe content by reduction–sulfurization roasting with anthracite coal. Int. J. Miner. Metall. Mater. Vol. 28, No. 2. Feb. 2021 pp. 210–220, DOI: /10.1007/ s12613−020−2038−8.

14. Gazaleeva G. I., Nazarenko L. N., Dmitrieva E. G. The research of the absorption potential effect of the minerals surface on the cassiterite flotation process. News of the Higher Institutions. Mining Journal. 2020. no. 3, p. 70−79, DOI: 10.21440/0536−1028−2020−370−79.

15. Limin Zhang, Sultan an Khoso, Mengjie Tian, Wei Sun Cassiterite recovery from a sulfide ore flotation tailing by combined gravity and flotation separations. Physicochem. Probl. Miner. Process. 2021. –no. 57(1), p. 206−215, DOI: 10.37190.

16. Yufeng Guo, Jianfa Jing, Feng Chen, Shuai Wang, Lingzhi Yang Selective separation of tin from tin-bearing middling via sulfur roasting. Environmental Technology & Innovation. 2022/ no.27 9 p.

17. Yong Yu, Lei Li, Jingcheng Wang Sn recovery from a tin-bearing middling with a high iron content and the transformation behaviours of the associated As, Pb, and Zn. Science of the Total Environment. 2020 –14 p.

18. Komogortsev B. V., Varenichev A. A. The use of selective collecting agents in technology flotation gold-sulfide ores. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2016. no. 12. p. 231−242.

19. Doroshenko E. M., Kim E. D., Rasskazova A. V., Ri E. Kh. Investigation of the phase composition of the middlings with subsequent simulation of the compositions of potassium and sodium salts for the decomposition of arsenopyrite. Voprosy materialovedeniya. 2023. no. 2 (114), p. 113−124. DOI: 10.22349/1994−6716−2023−114−2-113−124.

20. Doroshenko E. M., Doroshenko K. V., Ostapenko A. B., Rasskazova A. V. Computer modeling of various salts interaction with arsenopyrite. Water: chemistry and ecology. 2023. no. 5. p. 48−54.

21. Doroshenko E. M., Niezzoda T. D., Novikov A. A., Ri Kho Sen. Thermodynamic modelling of the interaction of arsenopyrite and cassiterite with potassium and sodium salts. Physics: Fundamental and Application Research, Education (Papers of the XX Regional Scientific Conference) Khabarovsk, 2022. p. 103–106.

Our partners

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.