Migration of microelements in river system in impact zone of acid mine water discharge in the Kizel Coal Basin

Underground coal mining is often accompanied with generation of acid water which contains many microelements. In closure of coal mines by flooding, after groundwater level recovery, acid mine water can flow out on ground surface. When entering a river system, acid mine water gets neutralized, metal hydroxides precipitate, and most microelements adsorb at this deposition. Suspended sedimentation, when carried by stream, tends to precipitate as its density differs from water density, while fine particles are carried farther by river water. The bottom sediment and water interaction as well as migration of microelements in the bottom sediment–water system depends on many factors such as deficiency of dissolved oxygen at the bottom sediment–water interface, pH value, grain-size composition of bottom sediment, nature of an element and water mineralization. Hydrodynamics of a water body is also important. The test site of the Kosva river is located in the east of the Perm Krai within the Kizel Coal Basin where coal mining proceeded until the early 20th century. After recovery of groundwater level, acid mine water with the environmentally hazardous chemical composition started to discharge on ground surface. The implemented research identified hydrochemical zones and sedimentation barriers. The revealed patterns of microelements and their accumulation in bottom sediment should be taken into account in planning and implementation of activities aimed at removal of manmade bottom sediment from rivers.

Keywords: acid mine water, microelements, river systems, bottom sediment, sedimentation barriers, Kizel Coal Basin, surface water pollution.
For citation:

Maksimovich N. G., Khmurchik V. Т., Berezina О. А., Demenev A. D. Migration of microelements in river system in impact zone of acid mine water discharge in the Kizel Coal Basin. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2024;(2):23-34. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_ 1493_2024_2_0_23.

Acknowledgements:

The study was supported by the Russian Science Foundation, Grant No. 23-77-01081, https://rscf.ru/project/23-77-01081/.

Issue number: 2
Year: 2024
Page number: 23-34
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 504.4.054
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2024_2_0_23
Article receipt date: 21.04.2023
Date of review receipt: 14.07.2023
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.01.2024
About authors:

N.G. Maksimovich1, Cand. Sci. (Geol. Mineral.), Assistant Professor, Honored Ecologist of Russian Federation, Deputy Director for Scientific Work, Natural Science Institute,
e-mail: nmax@psu.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6220-2730,
V.Т. Khmurchik1, Dr. Sci. (Geol. Mineral.), Leading Researcher, e-mail: khmurchik.vadim@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-7629-6168,
О.А. Berezina1, Cand. Sci. (Geogr.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: berezina.olga16@gmail.com, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-6491-0722,
A.D. Demenev1, Cand. Sci. (Geol. Mineral.), Senior Researcher, e-mail: demenevartem@gmail.com, ORCID ID: 0000-0003-1086-178Х,
1 Perm State National Research University, 614068, Perm, Russia.

 

For contacts:

О.А. Berezina, e-mail: berezina.olga16@gmail.com.

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