Modeling of various modes of belt conveyor braking

The purpose of the work is to consider the braking modes of the conveyor belt. When the conveyor is stopped or decelerated, compression and stretching waves occur in the belt, the propagation of which leads to slipping of the belt. This entails the wear of the tape and the breakdown of other equipment, which requires expensive repairs. The article presents the results of modelling conveyor braking in the programs SimPowerToolbox and Simulink. The results obtained allow us to compare the free run-out of the conveyor and the forced braking. The main results of the work are the obtained transient processes of the stator and rotor currents, the speed of rotation of the motor during braking of the conveyor, the speed of movement of the conveyor belt, the forces in the belt and the traction factor, the efficiency of the engine. Conclusions: the developed model allows us to investigate the dynamic operating modes of the engine and the mechanical part of the conveyor, to analyze the forces arising in the belt during braking, to evaluate the slip of the belt and the magnitude of the traction coefficient In both cases, the graphs clearly show an increase in the speed of the tail drum caused by a compression wave passing through the freight branch, then we can recommend preliminary braking of the tail drum so that the Euler condition is met. The amount of braking force can be calculated in advance using a proportional relationship between the forces of resistance to the movement of the belt that occur during braking of the tail drum and the amount of friction force between the brake pad (or disc) and the drum. In addition, the results obtained can be used in the development of a belt speed control system depending on the volume of random freight traffic entering the conveyor.

Keywords: starting and braking modes of the conveyor belt, braking torque, forced braking, free run-out, controlled tensioner, traction factor, dynamic forces in the belt, mathematical modelling.
For citation:

Dmitrieva V. V., Sobyanin A. A., Sizin P. E. Modeling of various modes of belt conveyor braking. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(11):80-95. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2022_11_0_80.

Issue number: 11
Year: 2022
Page number: 80-95
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 621.313.334
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_11_0_80
Article receipt date: 09.06.2022
Date of review receipt: 10.08.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.10.2022
About authors:

V.V. Dmitrieva1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:,
A.A. Sobyanin1, Magister, e-mail:,
P.E. Sizin, Cand. Sci. (Phys. Mathem.), Institute of Basic Education, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:,
1 Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia.


For contacts:

P.E. Sizin, e-mail:


1. Bebic V., Ristic L. Speed controlled belt conveyors: drives and mechanical considerations. Advancts in Electrical and Computer Engineering. 2018, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 51—60. DOI: 10.4316/AECE.2018.01007.

2. Ke Qian Key Technology of starting and braking for downward belt conveyor with large inclination. Mine Engineering. 2020, vol. 08, no. 04, pp. 451—454. DOI: 10.12677/ ME.2020.84056.

3. Goncharov K. A. Establishing patterns of joint operation of belt conveyor drives in the presence of random sliding deviations of their electric motors. Scientific and Technical Journal of Bryansk State University. 2020, no. 2, pp. 218—229. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.22281/2413-99202020-06-02-218-229.

4. Sarathbabu N. V., Murthy C. S. N., Mangalpady A. Minimization of specific energy of a belt conveyor drive system using space vector modulated direct torque control. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering. 2019, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 505—511. DOI: 10.18698/0536-1044-2019-2-3-10.

5. Dmitriev V. G., Cherednik P. N. Softwar package for tractive calculation and analysis of the starting and braking modes of belt conveyors. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2016, no. 2, pp. 35—45. [In Russ].

6. Eshchin E. K. Control of dynamic loading of face scraper conveyors. Journal of Mining Institute. 2019, vol. 239, pp. 570—575. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/PMI.2019.5.570.

7. Klebanov A. F. Automation and robotization of open pit mining: digital transformation experience. Russian Mining Industry Journal. 2020, no. 1, pp. 8—11. [In Russ].

8. Dmitrieva V. V., Sizin P. E. The analysis of belt conveyor models at different number of approximating masses. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 1, pp. 34—46. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_1_0_34.

9. Zapenin I. V., Belfor V. E., Selishchev Yu. A. Modelirovanie perekhodnykh protsessov lentochnykh konveyerov [Modeling of transient processes of belt conveyors], Moscow, Nedra, 1969, 56 p.

10. Wen-Qiang Zhand, Guang-Fu Bin, Xue-Jun Li, Qiang-Kia Han The dynamic analysis of belt conveyor driving drum based on finite element model. International Conference on Energy and Mechanical Engineering 2015. 2016, pp. 1046—1053. DOI: 10.1142/9789814749503_0124.

11. Galkin V. I., Sazankova E. S. Influence of physical and mechanical properties of belts on the starting processes of belt conveyors. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2014, no. S6, pp. 19—35. [In Russ].

12. Shengyong M. Research on the control system of the multi-point driving belt conveyor tension device. International Conference on Big Data, Artificial Intelligence and Internet of Things Engineering (ICBAIE 2020). 2020, pp. 321—326. DOI: 10.1109/ICBAIE49996.2020.00074.

13. Dmitrieva V. V., Sobyanin A. A., Sizin P. E. Modeling soft start of belt conveyor induction motor. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022, no. 6, pp. 77—92. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2022_6_0_77.

14. Xi Pingyuan, Song Yandong Dynamic simulation on the belt conveyor on emergency braking. Intelligent Computation Technology and Automation International Conference. 2009, pp. 34—36. DOI: 10.1109/ICICTA.2009.245.

15. Bukharov R. A. Development and computer simulation of a control algorithm for optimizing the braking process of a main belt conveyor. Mining Science and Technology (Russia). 2014, no. 3, pp. 27—38. [In Russ].

16. Dmitrieva V. V. Simulation of starting-braking regimes of a belt conveyor. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2014, no. 3, pp. 65—72. [In Russ].

17. Eshchin E. K. Calculations of dynamic modes of operation of electric drives of selfpropelled mining machines. Journal of Mining Institute. 2018, vol. 233, pp. 534—538. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.31897/pmi.2018.5.534.

18. Dmitrieva V. V., Sizin P. E., Sobyanin A. A. Application of the soft starter for the asynchronous motor of the belt conveyor. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2021, vol. 942, no. 1, article 012003. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/942/1/012003.

19. Sakharwade S., Nagpal S. Analysis of transient belt stretch for horizontal and inclined belt conveyor system. International Jornal of Mathematical, Engineering and Management Sciences. 2019, vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 1169—1179. DOI: 10.33889/IJMEMS.2019.4.5-092.

20. Dmitriev V. G., Shakhmeyster L. G. Teoriya i raschet lentochnykh konveyerov [Theory and calculation of belt conveyors], Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 1987, 336 p.

21. Dmitriev V. G., Verzhansky A. P. Osnovy teorii lentochnyh konvejerov [Fundamentals of the theory of belt conveyors], Moscow, Izd-vo «Gornaya kniga», 2017, 590 p.

22. Aliev S. B., Brejdo I. V., Daniyarov N. A., Kalisbekov A. K. Control of the distribution of loads between the electric drives of a multi-engine apron conveyor for non-reloading delivery of coal in open-cast mining. Ugol'. 2020, no. 9, pp. 14—17. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.18796/0041-57902020-9-14-17.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.