Justification of assessment method of adverse impact exerted by open pit coal mine on green cover vegetation activity using Earth Remote Sensing data

Open pit coal mines induce a significant environmental impact, as well as the natural and agricultural land disturbance and pollution. The land pollution within the limits of a mining lease, a sanitary protection zone and an adjacent area violates productivity of plants in the period of vegetation. In view of the effective legislation, development and application of the methods to assess self-regeneration of the open pit mining-disturbed land is of the highest concern in enhancement of size and rates of reclamation activity in the Russian Federation. This article describes the vegetation state assessment as a case-study of Talda coal field. For the quantitative assessment of the anthropogenic impact of the open pit coal mine, the time series of NDVI in the test area were analyzed over the period of 2010–2021. The calculations used MODIS data and Google Earth Engine. The detailed comparison between NDVI timing codes shows that the green cover in the neighborhood of the open pit has averagely lower values of NDVI (from 0.08 to 0.12) than this index has in the conventionally natural conditions. This approach can be used with the other vegetation indices. It allows assessment of the anthropogenic impact of open pit mines on the green cover in specific physical-geographic conditions.

Keywords: Earth Remote Sensing, open pit coal mines, open pit mining, NDVI, vegetation productivity, Environmental Impact Index, vegetation index, anthropogenic impact, environmental monitoring.
For citation:

Manevich P. P., Kolikov K. S. Justification of assessment method of adverse impact exerted by open pit coal mine on green cover vegetation activity using Earth Remote Sensing data. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(11):109-120. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/ 0236_1493_2022_11_0_109.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 11
Year: 2022
Page number: 109-120
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 629.785.634.92
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_11_0_109
Article receipt date: 01.07.2022
Date of review receipt: 20.09.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.10.2022
About authors:

P.P. Manevich1, Engineer, e-mail: manevich.polina@gmail.com, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-6639-2321,
K.S. Kolikov1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, Head of Chair, e-mail: kolikovks@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0001-8831-1927,
1 National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia.

 

For contacts:

P.P. Manevich, e-mail: manevich.polina@gmail.com.

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