Justification of peat block-making module parameters and mass/power characteristics for peat production machinery

The article describes the algorithm of estimation of a modular peat production equipment system (MPPES) and selection of engineering data for its functional modules designed for peat milling and treatment in the preset operating conditions. The whys and wherefores of development and introduction of such equipment systems to implement climate-saving technologies of the present day are exposed. The experimental data on peat block-making are presented. The groups of the peat block-making modules are examined, and their capacities in the form of mass/power relationships are revealed. All functional relations are compiled in a joint nomogram. The functional relations are presented by formulas per each equipment group. The peat production equipment estimation algorithm is implemented as an application program described in terms of the peat milling–block-making equipment system in operation on a wet peatland at the relevant peat loss and dehydration. The estimates obtained using the program are presented in a graphical form. The accomplished analysis reveals the trends of decreasing mass/power characteristics per 1 t of peat product as function of the number of the equipment modules and actual operations in terms of a peat milling and block-making equipment system having conventional capacity of 50 000 t.

Keywords: modular peat production equipment system, peat, equipment system structure, basic and operation modules of equipment system, mathematical model, block-making, estimation algorithm, wet peatland, peat milling, mass/power characteristics.
For citation:

Lyakh D. D., Khudyakova I. N., Ivanov S. L. Justification of peat block-making module parameters and mass/power characteristics for peat production machinery. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(6):93-108. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_6_0_93.

Acknowledgements:
Issue number: 6
Year: 2022
Page number: 93-108
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.331
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_6_0_93
Article receipt date: 30.03.2022
Date of review receipt: 15.04.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.05.2022
About authors:

D.D. Lyakh1, Graduate Student, e-mail: severdar@yandex.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-9917-4785,
I.N. Khudyakova1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), e-mail: irikhudyakova@yandex.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-0186-659X,
S.L. Ivanov1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: lisalisa74@mail.ru, ORCID ID: 0000-0002-7014-2464,
1 Saint-Petersburg Mining University, 199106, Saint-Petersburg, Russia.

 

For contacts:

D.D. Lyakh, e-mail: severdar@mail.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Galiev Zh. K., Galieva N. V. Development of the fuel and energy sector in compliance with the energy strategy in Russia. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 6, pp. 215–220. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-06-0-215-220.

2. Inisheva L. I., Porokhina E. V., Sergeeva M. A., Kobak K. I. Peat bogs and their biospheric role. Biosphere. 2019, vol. 11, no. 3, pp.128–133. [In Russ].

3. Lempinen H. «Barely surviving on a pile of gold»: Arguing for the case of peat energy in 2010s Finland. Energy Policy. 2019, vol. 128, pp. 1–7.

4. Misnikov O. S., Panov V. V. The foggy future of the peat industry in Russia. Journal of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering. 2018, no. 1, pp. 42—56. [In Russ].

5. Zarovnyaev B. N., Popov V. F., Shubin G. V., Budikina M. E., Sokolova M. D. Prospects of peat development in the Arctic and Subarctic zones of Russia. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 6, pp. 168–177. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-6-0-168-177.

6. Boltushkin A. N., Belyakov V. A. Improvement of cutting technology for subsurface peat of low decomposition rate. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2018, no. 2, pp. 13—19. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2018-2-0-13-19.

7. Regan S., Flynn R., Gill L., Naughton O., Johnston P. Impacts of groundwater drainage on peatland subsidence and its ecological implications on an Atlantic raised bog. Water Resources Research. 2019, vol. 7, no. 55, pp. 6153–6168. DOI: 10.1029/2019WR024937.

8. Fadeev D. V., Zvonarev I. E. Patent RU 2655235, 24.05.2018. [In Russ].

9. Valiev N. G. O., Grevtsev N. V., Lebzin M. S. Hydromechanized method of peat extraction: current state and prospects. Izvestiya Tula State University. Sciences of Earth. 2020, no. 4, pp. 141—150. [In Russ].

10. Permyakova E. K. Technical solutions for the development of flooded peat deposits. Sovremennye tendentsii i innovatsii v nauke i proizvodstve. Sbornik statey po materialam mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Modern trends and innovations in science and production. Collection of articles based on the materials of the international scientific-practical conference], Ufa, 2019, pp. 61—66. [In Russ].

11. Goryachev V. I., Mikheev I. I., Shcherbakova D. M. Technological year-round complex of hydromechanical fractionation of peat raw materials. Proceedings of Instorf. 2019, no. 20(73), pp. 25—28. [In Russ].

12. Lishtvan I. I., Kurzo B. V., Gaidukevich O. M., Sorokin A. I. Prospects for local mineral and raw materials use for the development of the southwestern region of Gomel region. Nature Management. 2020, vol. 2, pp. 77–87.

13. Yakupov D. R., Ivanova P. V., Ivanov S. L. Physical modeling of the resistance to the movement of goods on the surface of a peat deposit on the stand. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021, no. 5-1, pp. 117—129. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_51_0_117.

14. Khudyakova, I. N., Vagapova E. A., Ivanov S. L. Selection and justification of the parameters of technological equipment for the extraction of peat raw materials from a natural deposit. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, special edition 4, pp. 3—15. [In Russ].

15. Zyuzin B. F., Zhigulskaya A. I., Yakonovskaya T. B., Oganesyan A. S., Smirnov K. S. Machines and equipment for the development of peat deposits as a class of mining machines for open pit mining. Tekhnologicheskoe oborudovanie dlya gornoy i neftegazovoy promyshlennosti. Sbornik trudov XVIII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii «Chteniya pamyati V.R. Kubacheka» [Technological equipment for the mining and oil and gas industries. Proceedings of the XVIII International Scientific and Technical Conference «Readings in Memory of V.R. Kubachek»], Ekaterinburg, UGGU, 2020, pp. 36—39. [In Russ].

16. Mikhailov A. V., Garmaev O. J., Fedorov A. S., Garifullin D. R. Efficiency of open cast peat mining with mechanical field dewatering. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 7, pp. 30–41. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-07-0-30-41.

17. Zarovnyaev B. N., Popov V. F., Shubin G. V., Budikina M. E., Sokolova M. D. Prospects of peat development in the Arctic and Subarctic zones of Russia. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 6, pp. 168–177. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-6-0-168-177.

18. Velikanov V. S. Forecasting the loading of the working equipment of a quarry excavator according to a fuzzy-logistic model. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020, vol. 241, pp. 29—36. [In Russ].

19. Hu P., Zhu J., Gong J., Zhang D., Liu C., Zhao Y., Guo Y. Development of a comprehensive driving cycle for construction machinery used for energy recovery system evaluation: A case study of medium hydraulic excavators. Mathematical Problems in Engineering. 2021, vol. 2021. DOI: 10.1155/2021/8132878.

20. Yudin S. A. The main theoretical and experimental results of the substantiation of invariants of limit stress-strain states in the interaction of the working bodies of mining machines with peat deposit. Teoreticheskie issledovaniya i eksperimental'nye razrabotki studentov i aspirantov. Sbornik nauchnykh trudov [Theoretical research and experimental development of students and graduate students of Tver State Technical University. Collection of scientific papers], Tver, TGTU, 2018, pp. 162—169. [In Russ].

21. Fomin K. V., Krylov K. S., Kharlamov V. E., Morozikhina I. K. Estimation of the distribution density of impacts from the surface of the map on the elements of the running structures of a peat machine. Proceedings of Instorf. 2019, no. 20(73), pp. 32—36. [In Russ].

22. Kazakov Yu. A. Analysis of the operating conditions of the mining transport unit for the transportation of excavator peat raw materials. Tekhnologicheskoe oborudovanie dlya gornoy i neftegazovoy promyshlennosti. Sbornik trudov XVII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii «Chteniya pamyati V.R. Kubacheka» [Technological equipment for the mining and oil and gas industries. Proceedings of the XVII International Scientific and Technical Conference «Readings in Memory of V.R. Kubachek»], Ekaterinburg, UGGU, 2019, pp. 57—60. [In Russ].

23. Chen Y., Wang A., Li X. Load classification design of excavator multiway valve. Hsi-An Chiao Tung Ta Hsueh / Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University. 2020, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 100—108. DOI: 10.7652/xjtuxb202009011.

24. Kuvshinkin S. Y., Ivanova P. V. Developing a methodology for estimation of excavation techniques for given operating conditions. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2019, vol. 378, no. 1. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/378/1/012121.

25. Ivanov S. L., Ivanova P. V., Kuvshinkin S. Yu. Evaluation of working hours of quarry excavators of a promising model range in real operating conditions. Journal of Mining Institute. 2020, vol. 242. pp. 29—36. DOI: DOI:10.31897/PMI.2020.2.228.

26. Babokin G. I. Influence of technical parameters, work conditions and operating mode on energy efficiency of single-bucket exactor. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 11, pp. 199– 207. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-11-0-199-207.

27. Mikhaylov A. V., Rodionov E. A., Zvonarev I. E. Analysis of conditions for vertical cutting of peat. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no. 1, pp. 48–54. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2019-01-0-48-54.

28. Jucha W., Mareczka P., Okupny D. Using remote sensing materials to assess the effects of peat extraction on the morphology and vegetation cover of a raised bog. Mires and Peat. 2020, vol. 26, pp. 19. DOI: 10.19189/MaP.2019.OMB.StA.1835.

29. Yablonev A. L., Gorlov I. V., Kozyreva L., Fomin K. Optimization of driving trailers transmission for peat transportation. E3S Web of Conferences. 2018, vol. 41. DOI: 10.1051/ e3sconf/20184103001.

30. Fedorov A. S., Kazakov Yu. A., Fadeev D. V. Parameters of the mouthpiece of a screw press taking into account the requirements for peat molded products. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. S9, pp. 3—15. [In Russ].

31. Menegaki M., Michalakopoulos T., Roumpos C. Exploring the effect of physical, human and technical factors on bucket wheel excavators' efficiency: a fuzzy cognitive map approach. International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering. 2019, vol. 10, no. 2-4, pp. 189—204. DOI: 10.1504/IJMME.2019.104447.

32. Zhang L., Zhao J., Long P., Wang L., Qian L., Lu F., Song X., Manocha D. An autonomous excavator system for material loading tasks. Science Robotics. 2021, vol. 6, no. 55. DOI: 10.1126/scirobotics.abc3164.

33. Ivanova P., Ivanov S., Mikhailov A., Shishlyannikov D. Extraction mechanization of soft soils. Journal of Applied Engineering Science. 2021, vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 610—617.

34. Yablonev A. L., Guseva A. M. Substantiation of the parameters of a screw press for the extraction of lump peat. Tekhnologicheskoe oborudovanie dlya gornoy i neftegazovoy promyshlennosti. Sbornik trudov XVII Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii «Chteniya pamyati V.R. Kubacheka» [Technological equipment for the mining and oil and gas industries. Proceedings of the XVII International Scientific and Technical Conference «Readings in Memory of V.R. Kubachek»], Ekaterinburg, UGGU, 2019, pp. 172—175. [In Russ].

35. Khudyakova I. N., Vagapova E. A., Ivanov S. L. Raw peat production and processing from flooded fiel ds and approaches to maintain dehydration. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2018, vol. 194, no. 3. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/194/3/032010.

36. Kremcheev E. A. Features of the structure of the complex of technological operations in the excavation of peat with staged dehydration of raw materials. Journal of Mining Institute. 2018, vol. 231, pp. 225—234. [In Russ].

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.