Justification of structure and rational design for hammer drills for helical milling

The article presents a method to improve the operation and design of a hammer drill by means of changing the drilling tool trajectory from axial to helical path. The tool penetrates rock mass while rotating toward the plane of a larger chip and induces additional tensile and shearing stresses in rocks, which enables more efficient use of the impact energy in rock fracture. The structure and design layout of a helical milling drill hammer, with additional locking pawl and helical drill shank. From the earlier research and calculations performed for the additional components of the hammer drill, the traveltime attributes and the design values capable to ensure the required factor of safety are determined. The static stress analysis with FEM is undertaken to reveal hazardous cross-sections of parts subjected to the highest loads. The article presents a drilling tool made as a single-flute drill bit with asymmetrical tungsten carbide plate to ensure reduction in energy input of rock fracture by 1.5 times as compared with the bit with the symmetric plate. This modification of the hammer drill involves no essential changes in the main components and parameters of series-production hammer drills.

Keywords: hammer drill, structure diagram, design layout, additional locking pawl, drilling tool with symmetric and asymmetric tungsten carbide plate, rock mass, energy input of fracture, chip.
For citation:

Sysoev N. I., Grinko A. A., Grinko D. A. Justification of structure and rational design for hammer drills for helical milling. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(7):113-124. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_7_0_113.

Acknowledgements:

The study was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Project No. 19-35-90079.

Issue number: 7
Year: 2021
Page number: 113-124
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.23.05
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_7_0_113
Article receipt date: 04.04.2021
Date of review receipt: 14.05.2021
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.06.2021
About authors:

N.I. Sysoev1, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, e-mail: sysoevngmo@gmail.com,
A.A. Grinko1, Graduate Student, e-mail: nextdingo@mail.ru,
D.A. Grinko1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail: dingo17@mail.ru,
1 M.I. Platov South-Russian State Polytechnic University (NPI), 346428, Novocherkassk, Russia.

 

For contacts:

A.A. Grinko, e-mail: nextdingo@mail.ru.

Bibliography:

1. Alimov O. D., Dvornikov L. T. Buril'nye mashiny [Drilling machines], Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 1976, pp. 295.

2. Luk'yanov V. G., Krets V. G. Gornye mashiny i provedenie gorno-razvedochnykh vyrabotok: uchebnik dlya SPO [Mining machines and prospecting holes: vocational education. Textbook], Moscow, Izd-vo Yurayt, 2016, 342 p.

3. Krapivin M. G., Rakov I. Ya., Sysoev N. I. Gornye instrumenty. 3-e izd. [Mining instruments, 3rd edition], Moscow, Nedra, 1990, 256 p.

4. Khazanovich G. Sh. Actual directions of scientific research of mining equipment. Mining Equipment and Electromechanics. 2018, no. 2(136), pp. 41—45. [In Russ].

5. Yungmeyster D. A., Urazbakhtin R. Yu., Mel'nikov D. A. Mining machines with modernized designs of percussion tools. Tekhnologicheskoe oborudovanie dlya gornoy i neftegazovoy promyshlennosti: sbornik nauchnykh statey XV Mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-tekhnicheskoy konferentsii [Technological equipment for the mining and oil and gas industry: XV International scientific–technical conference proceedings], 2017, pp. 124—128. [In Russ].

6. Yungmeyster D. A. Modernization of hydraulic drill heads. Mining Equipment and Electromechanics. 2017, no. 4, pp. 8—13. [In Russ]. available at: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id= 29421819.

7. Sysoev N. I., Grinko D. A., Grinko A. A. Improvement of the impact-rotary drilling method. Aktual'nye problemy nedropol'zovaniya-2020: materialy mezhdunarodnoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii [Actual problems of subsurface use-2020: materials of the international scientific and practical conference], Novocherkassk, YuRGPU(NPI), 2021, 276 p. [In Russ].

8. Grinko A. A., Sysoev N. I., Grinko D. A. Improving shearing efficiency of percussion rotary drill bits. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2020, no. 9, pp. 102–115. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2020-9-0-102-115.

9. Anur'ev V. I. Spravochnik konstruktora-mashinostroitelya. T. 2. 8-e izd. [Handbook of the designer-machine-builder, vol. 2, 8th edition], Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 2001, 912 p.

10. Anur'ev V. I. Spravochnik konstruktora-mashinostroitelya. T. 2. 5-e izd. [Handbook of the designer-machine-builder, vol. 2, 5th edition], Moscow, Mashinostroenie, 1979, 559 p.

11. Nawar M. T., Arafa I. T., Elhosseiny O. M. Numerical damage evaluation of perforated steel columns subjected to blast loading. Defence Technology. 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.dt.2021.03.019.

12. Liu S., Luo Y., Jia H. Vibration mechanism and characteristics analysis of drill rod when drilling roof bolt hole. Journal of China University of Mining and Technology. 2016, vol. 45, pp. 893–900.

13. Karasawa H., Ohno T., Miyazaki K., Eko A. Experimental results on the effect of bit wear on torque response. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences. 2016, vol. 84, pp. 1–9.

14. Davide Piovesan, Phanindra Alladi Analysis of an energy saving ratchet-based ankle exoskeleton. ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference IDETC2016. August 21—24, 2016, Charlotte, North Carolina.

15. Wael Kassem Strut-and-tie modelling for the analysis and design of RC beam-column joints. Materials and Structures. 2016, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 3459—3476.

16. Sysoev N. I., Grinko A. A. Improvement of efficiency of the chip formation process under shock-turning influence of the wedge on the rock. Rezul'taty issledovaniy-2020: materialy V Natsional'noy konferentsii professorsko-prepodavatel'skogo sostava i nauchnykh rabotnikov [Research results-2020: materials of the V National Conference of Teaching Staff and Researchers], Novocherkassk, YuRGPU(NPI), 2020, 282 p. [In Russ].

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.