Slope stability analysis of pit wall meant for mine infrastructure site

Long-term deformation monitoring (since 2018) of a pit wall area meant for accommodation of a mine infrastructure site is reported. The actual condition of the pit wall is assessed, and clay rocks are sampled in exposures. The lab-scale studies into physical and mechanical properties of clay composing the pit wall are described. Based on the laboratory tests, review of graphic documentation and in-situ observations of the deformation area, the influence of the natural and manmade geometry on the state of clay rocks is analyzed. The causes of the pit wall deformations are evaluated. The shear resistance at bedding interfaces is estimated using the back-calculation. The calculated pit wall parameters based on the slope stability criterion are recommended for the mine infrastructure site. The pit wall stability maintenance activities are developed for small width berms of benches. Designs of structures to maintain the clay rock pit wall stability are presented: a retaining wall and a gabion wire mesh. Based on the calculations, efficiency of gabions is justified as they allow decreasing the width of an area for a retaining structure to prevent deformations of clay rock slope.

Keywords: clay rocks, pit wall, benches, stability, deformation, retaining structure designs.
For citation:

Bakhaeva S. P., Gur'ev D. V. Slope stability analysis of pit wall meant for mine infrastructure site. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(1):32-42. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/02361493-2021-1-0-32-42.

Issue number: 1
Year: 2021
Page number: 32-42
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.2
DOI: 10.25018/0236-1493-2021-1-0-32-42
Article receipt date: 20.08.2020
Date of review receipt: 02.10.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.12.2020
About authors:

S.P. Bakhaeva, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Head of Laboratory, JSC «Scientific-research Institute of mining geomechanics and mine surveying — Intersectoral scientific center VNIMI», Siberian branch, 653004, Prokopyevsk, Russia, e-mail:,
D.V. Gur'ev, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, e-mail:, T. Gorbachev Kuzbass State Technical University, 650000, Kemerovo, Russia.


For contacts:

D.V. Gur'ev, e-mail:


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