Optimal parameters of process flows in air-decoupling blasting

Mining with drilling and blasting produces a heightened danger to people and environment because of associated phenomena. The latter include toxic gas emission, dusting, air shock and seismic wave effects, as well as thermal impact on rock mass. Decreasing the powder factor makes it possible to mitigate the adverse effect of blasting. The best way in this regard is to decouple blast hole charges by air gaps. In air-decoupling blasting, the average size of fragmentation is smaller in harder-shot rocks. The article gives justification of air gap location in blast hole, the air gap parameters and calculation of time slots of influence exerted by different parts of the air-decoupled charge. The place to arrange an air gap is selected from the comparison of geological condition of mining and calculated sizes of rock fragments. In this case, we compare the average size of particles in the bottom half of the charge at every next bench. In case of a structurally complex deposit, first of all, the average sizes of fragments in weak and strong rock layers are compared. The calculation is based on the studies into wave processes and geomechanical phenomena in fracture of rock mass.

Keywords: open pit mine, blasting, electronic detonator, explosive, air gaps, rock mas stress state, air gap size calculation, advance blasting interval calculation, safety.
For citation:

Overchenko M. N., Tolstunov S. A., Mozer S. P., Belin V. A. Optimal parameters of process flows in air-decoupling blasting. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2022;(4):87-99. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_4_0_87.

Issue number: 4
Year: 2022
Page number: 87-99
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.235
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2022_4_0_87
Article receipt date: 11.01.2022
Date of review receipt: 14.02.2022
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.03.2022
About authors:

M.N. Overchenko, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), General Director, JSC «ORIKA» Ural Mining and Metallurgical Company, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: michael.overchenko@orica-ummc.ru,
S.A. Tolstunov, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, Head of Department, International Academy of Ecology and Life Protection Sciences, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: tsaa09@mail.ru,
S.P. Mozer, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Assistant Professor, Director of Introduction of New Technologies, JSC Orica CIS, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: sergey.mozer@orica.com,
V.A. Belin, Dr. Sci. (Eng.), Professor, Mining Institute, National University of Science and Technology «MISiS», 119049, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: bvamggu@mail.ru.


For contacts:

V.A. Belin, e-mail: bvamggu@mail.ru.


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