Features of gold in mining waste in the territory of the Solovievsky ore cluster

By estimates, potential resources of manmade placers are sufficiently large. Gold producing regions have accumulated considerable gold-bearing mining waste in amount of billion cubic meters in dredge and sluice tailing dumps, bog mucks and at confluences of streams. The gold content of waste mostly agrees with the modern economic standards and is even comparable with the gold content of natural placers. For this reason, gold mining waste is suitable for secondary gold extraction. Efficient development of gold-bearing manmade placers requires studying the causes of gold loss in primary placer mining as well as analyzing the change in properties of gold during its long-term storage in stock piles. The analysis of gold in manmade placers in the territory of the Solovievsky ore cluster is presented, the morphological changes of gold in dumps are revealed, the gold contents are determined from assaying via prospecting holes, and the causes of gold loss in primary mining are told. The electron scanning microscopy detects platinum in gold samples. The recommendations on reduction in loss of fine and very fine gold in sluicing are given. The morphological analysis of gold in waste shows prospects for gold extraction from waste using innovative technologies in gravity concentration with regard to variation in hydraulic size within a narrow range of mass of gold grains.

Keywords: gold in mining waste, tailings dumps, prospecting hole assaying, gold content, gold morphotypes, gold porosity, gold aggregates, gain size composition, hydraulic size, platinum, silver.
For citation:

Alekseev V. S., Banshchikova T. S., Alekseeva E. V. Features of gold in mining waste in the territory of the Solovievsky ore cluster. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2021;(7):134145. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_7_0_135.

Issue number: 7
Year: 2021
Page number: 134-145
ISBN: 0236-1493
UDK: 622.75/.77:622.342.1
DOI: 10.25018/0236_1493_2021_7_0_134
Article receipt date: 22.06.2020
Date of review receipt: 08.07.2020
Date of the editorial board′s decision on the article′s publishing: 10.06.2021
About authors:

V.S. Alekseev1, Cand. Sci. (Eng.), Leading Researcher, e-mail: alekseev.igd.khv@mail.ru,
T.S. Banshchikova1, Senior Researcher,
E.V. Alekseeva1, Junior Researcher,
1 Mining Institute, Far Eastern Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 680000, Khabarovsk, Russia.


For contacts:

V.S. Alekseev, e-mail: alekseev.igd.khv@mail.ru.


1. Litvintsev V. S., Alekseev V. S. Resource potential of technogenic gold deposits and strategy of their wide development. Marksheyderiya i nedropol'zovaniye. 2017, no 5, pp. 21—29. [In Russ].

2. Mirzekhanov G. S., Litvintsev V. S. Mining waste management at precious metal placers in the Russian Far East: State-of-the-art and problems. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018, no 10, pp. 25—30. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.10.04

3. Pirajno F., Goryachev N. A. Gold Deposits and Gold Metallogeny of Far East Russia. Ore Geology Reviews. 2014. Vol. 59. Pр. 123—151.

4. Wierchowiec J., Mikulski S. Z., Gąsiński A. Nanoforms of Gold from Abandoned Placer Deposits of Wądroże Wielkie (Lower Silesia, Poland). Ore Geology Reviews. 2018. Vol. 101. Pр. 211—220.

5. Kerr G., Malloch K., Lilly K., Craw D. Diagenetic alteration of a mesozoic fluvial gold placer deposit, Southern New Zealand. Ore Geology Reviews. 2017. Vol. 83. Pр. 14—29.

6. Massaro L., Theije M. Understanding small-scale gold mining practices: An anthropological study on technological innovation in the Vale Do Rio Peixoto (Mato Grosso, Brazil). Journal of Cleaner Production. 2018. Vol. 204. Pр. 618—635.

7. Ferring D., Hausermann H., Effah E. Heterogeneity of small-scale gold mining in Ghana. The Extractive Industries and Society. 2016. Vol. 3. Pр. 171—184.

8. Moiseenko V. G., Stepanov V. A., Eyrish L. V., Mel'nikov A. V. Platinonosnost' Dal'nego Vostoka [Platinum Potential of the Far East], Vladivostok, Dal'nauka, 2004, 176 p.

9. Moiseenko V. G., Safronov P. P., Stepanov V. A. About Platinum Mineralization of Amur Region. Geologicheskie issledovaniya v Amurskoy oblasti [Geological research in the Amur region], Blagoveshchensk, 2000, pp. 71—73.

10. Molchanov V. P., Moiseenko V. G., Khomich V. G. Minerals Precious Metals from the Fadeevsky Node Placers (Primor'e) as Indicators of Formation Belonging of Original Sources. Doklady akademii nauk. 2005, vol. 402, no 5, pp. 661—664. [In Russ].

11. Kovlekov I. I. Tekhnogennoe zoloto Yakutii [Technogenic gold of Yakutia], Moscow, Izdvo MGGU, 2002, 302 p.

12. Sekisov A. G., Rasskazova A. V., Litvinova N. M., Kirilchuk M. S. Integrated heap leaching of rebellious gold from altered mineral waste. MIAB. Mining Inf. Anal. Bull. 2019, no 8, pp. 198—208. [In Russ]. DOI 10.25018/0236-1493-2019-08-0-198-208.

13. Sekisov A. G., Rasskazova A. V., Bogomyakov R. V., Litvinova N. M. Patent RU 2678344, MPK E 21 V 43/28, E 21 S 41/00. 28.01.2019.

14. Sekisov A. G., Rasskazova A. V., Bogomyakov R. V. Patent RU 2687715, MPK E 21 V 43/28, E 21 S 41/00. 15.05.2019.

15. Litvintsev V. S., Sas P. P. Rational parameters of the operation of locks and jigging machines of the industrial device «Alaska-35». Obogashchenie Rud. 2016, no 3, pp. 35—40. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/or.2016.03.06.

16. Litvintsev V. S. Basic directions of the strategy of mastering of anthropogenic ore and placer deposits of noble metals. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2013, no 10, рр. 38—41.

17. Le Barge W. P., Nordling M. G. Yukon Placer Mining Industry 2007—2009. Whitehorse: Yukon Geological Survey, 2011. 151 p.

18. Van Loon S., Bond J. D. Yukon Placer Mining Industry Report 2010—2014. Whitehorse: Yukon Geological Survey, 2014. 230 p.

19. Tuokuu F., Idemudia U., Gruber J. S., Kayira J. Identifying and clarifying environ-mental policy best practices for mining industry — a systematic review. Journal of Cleaner Production. 2019. Vol. 222. Pр. 922—933.

20. MacFarlane K. E., Nordling M. G. Yukon Exploration and Geology Overview 2013. Whitehorse: Yukon Geological Survey, 2014. 80 p.

21. Alekseyev V. S., Seryy R. S., Sobolev A. A. Increase of recovery of fine-grained gold on the sluice box. Obogashchenie Rud. 2019, no 5, pp. 13—18. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/ or.2019.05.03.

22. Seryy R. S., Taganov V. V., Gevalo K. V. Reduction in precious metal loss in washing machines by optimizing performance of gateways of fine filling. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018, no 10, pp. 49—52. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.10.09.

23. Seryy R. S. Gold losses decrease in sluice washing devices during the development of difficult alluvial deposits. Marksheyderiya i nedropol'zovaniye. 2014, no 6, pp. 20—22. [In Russ].

24. Seryy R. S. Patent RU 129428, MPK V 03 V 5/70. 27.06.2013

25. Alekseev V. S., Banshchikova T. S. Non-conventional technologies for gold extraction from commercial placers of Priamurye. Gornyi Zhurnal. 2018, no 10, pp. 52—57. [In Russ]. DOI: 10.17580/gzh.2018.10.10.

Подписка на рассылку

Раз в месяц Вы будете получать информацию о новом номере журнала, новых книгах издательства, а также о конференциях, форумах и других профессиональных мероприятиях.